Theme World Studies from 750 B. C. to 1600 A. D.: Ancient Greece to the First Global Age



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Grade Seven Social Studies

Theme World Studies from 750 B.C. to 1600 A.D.: Ancient Greece to the First Global Age

Strand History

Topic Historical Thinking

Historical thinking begins with a clear sense of time – past, present, and future – and becomes more precise as students progress. Historical thinking includes skills such as locating, researching, analyzing, and interpreting primary and secondary sources so that students can begin to understand the relationships among events and draw conclusions.



Pacing


Content Statement

1. Historians and archaeologists describe historical events and issues from the perspectives of people living at the time in order to avoid evaluating the past in terms of today’s norms and values.

Learning Targets:

 I can describe historical events and issues from the perspectives of people living at the time, while avoiding evaluating the past in terms of today’s norms and values.

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Content Elaborations

Development of historical thinking concepts began in earlier grades by having students look at primary source documents to understand that multiple sources and perspectives are needed to build a historical narrative.


Historians and archaeologists provide an accurate account and assessment of a historical event. This requires them to avoid the influence of current norms and values in interpreting and evaluating the past. They generally attempt to describe events through the perspectives of those living at the time. As students examine a historian or archaeologist’s interpretation of an event, students should look to see how they meet this standard.
By having students critically evaluate diaries, letters, eyewitness accounts, archaeological artifacts, and architecture of particular moments in time, they develop an understanding that history is interpreted. They also become active participants in historical investigation.

Content Vocabulary

 perspectives

 norms

 values


 historical events

Academic Vocabulary

 describe

 analyze

evaluate




Formative Assessments

Summative Assessments

Resources

Enrichment Strategies

Integrations


Intervention Strategies




Grade Seven Social Studies

Theme World Studies from 750 B.C. to 1600 A.D.: Ancient Greece to the First Global Age

Strand History

Topic Early Civilizations

The eight features of civilizations include cities, well-organized central governments, complex religions, job specialization, social classes, arts and architecture, public works, and writing. Early peoples developed unique civilizations. Several civilizations established empires with legacies influencing later peoples.



Pacing


Content Statement

2. The civilizations that developed in Greece and Rome had an enduring impact on later civilizations. This legacy includes governance and law, engineering and technology, art and architecture, as well as literature and history. The Roman Empire also played an instrumental role in the spread of Christianity.

Learning Targets:

 I can cite examples and explain Greek and Roman legacies for western civilization, including law, engineering, technology, art, architecture, literature, and history. Also be able to explain how the Roman Empire contributed to the spread of Christianity.

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Content Elaborations

The legacy of ancient Greece and Rome is embedded in Western culture. The ideas on governance and law were impacted by the concepts of citizenship and democracy that originated in Ancient Greece. Greece developed a “direct democracy.”


The Greeks created the astrolabe, the pulley block, the wood screw, ore smelting and casting, and built faster ships. The influence of Ancient Greek art and building designs (e.g., rectangular temples with tall columns all around) can be seen in many cities today. Greek literature inspired the Romans and other writers over the centuries. Greeks also developed the study of history.
Rome influenced government and law by creating the first republic with elected officials and a system of laws that laid the foundation for many governments. It created a written constitution, a tripartite government (executive, legislative, and judicial branches), a system of checks and balances, and a sense of civic duty.
Roman roads, basilicas, amphitheaters, aqueducts, and layouts of cities continue to influence the modern world. Many modern government buildings have Roman styling that includes domes and arches.
Roman literature and poetry impacted future western civilizations. Rome’s contributions to art include frescoes and sculptures.
The spread of Christianity was aided by the network of roads built by the Romans. Although Christians were persecuted for centuries by the Romans, it eventually became the official religion of the empire.


Content Vocabulary

 legacy


 achievements

 Greek and Roman legacies

 Roman Empire – spread of Christianity


Academic Vocabulary

 list


 cite

 discuss

explain

 cause and effect

 analyze

 synthesize




Formative Assessments


Summative Assessments

Resources


Enrichment Strategies

Integrations


Intervention Strategies



Grade Seven Social Studies

Theme World Studies from 750 B.C. to 1600 A.D.: Ancient Greece to the First Global Age

Strand History

Topic Feudalism and Transitions

Feudalism developed as a political system based on small local units controlled by lords bound by an oath of loyalty to a monarch. The decline of feudalism in Europe resulted from interactions between the Muslim world and European states. These interactions influenced the rise of new ideas and institutions.



Pacing


Content Statement

3. Germanic invasions helped to break up the Roman Empire and set the stage for the development of feudal and manorial systems. Later invasions helped establish Mongol dominance in central Asia and led to the destruction of the Byzantine Empire by the Turks.

Learning Targets:

 I can describe how the Germanic invasions helped break up the Roman Empire and set the stage for feudal and manorial systems and how later invasions helped establish Mongol dominance in Central Asia and led to the destruction of the Byzantine Empire by the Turks.

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Content Elaborations

The breakup of the Roman Empire, hastened by Germanic invasions and the decline of Roman institutions such as a central government, led to the development of feudal and manorial systems.


Feudalism was the system by which medieval Europeans organized their power and governments. Vassals received land and protection from a lord when they worked and fought for him. It might be understood as a pyramid with the monarch presiding over a hierarchy of less important vassals.
The manorial system was related to feudalism. It was an economic relationship between the peasants and lord. The peasants worked on land owned by the lord in return for fixed dues in kind, money, and services. The manorial system prevailed in many European countries.
By the 13th century, the Mongols had invaded and established dominance in Central Asia, China, Persia, Tibet, Iraq, much of Asia Minor, and all of southern Russia.
The Byzantine Empire was invaded by the Ottoman Turks in the 14th and 15th centuries and finally fell in 1453. Constantinople was the ultimate goal for the Turks since its physical position was very favorable economically, militarily, and strategically.


Content Vocabulary

 feudal


 manorial systems

 dominance

 Germanic invasions

 Roman Empire

 Mongol

 Central Asia

 Byzantine Empire

 Turks



Academic Vocabulary

 describe

 explain

 discuss

 cite cause and effect


Formative Assessments


Summative Assessments

Resources


Enrichment Strategies

Integrations


Intervention Strategies



Grade Seven Social Studies

Theme World Studies from 750 B.C. to 1600 A.D.: Ancient Greece to the First Global Age

Strand History

Topic Feudalism and Transitions

Feudalism developed as a political system based on small local units controlled by lords bound by an oath of loyalty to a monarch. The decline of feudalism in Europe resulted from interactions between the Muslim world and European states. These interactions influenced the rise of new ideas and institutions.



Pacing


Content Statement

4. Mongol influence led to unified states in China and Korea, but the Mongol failure to conquer Japan allowed a feudal system to persist.

Learning Targets:

 I can identify how the Mongol influence led to unified states in China and Korea and how the failure to conquer Japan allowed feudalism to persist.

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Content Elaborations

The Mongols conquered and united most of present day China and Korea for approximately 80 years during the 13th and 14th centuries. This dynasty strengthened trade in China by exporting porcelain and silk.


Growing opposition to the rule of the foreigners led to the overthrow of the Mongols. Korea and China reverted back to dynasties in their respective countries.
The Mongols attempted to conquer Japan but were unsuccessful. Japan’s system of feudalism persisted and, over time, led to an insular and isolated society that continued to the 19th century.


Content Vocabulary

 unify


 conquer

 persist




Academic Vocabulary

identify

 explain

 discuss

 cite cause and effect


Formative Assessments


Summative Assessments

Resources


Enrichment Strategies

Integrations


Intervention Strategies



Grade Seven Social Studies

Theme World Studies from 750 B.C. to 1600 A.D.: Ancient Greece to the First Global Age

Strand History

Topic Feudalism and Transitions

Feudalism developed as a political system based on small local units controlled by lords bound by an oath of loyalty to a monarch. The decline of feudalism in Europe resulted from interactions between the Muslim world and European states. These interactions influenced the rise of new ideas and institutions.



Pacing


Content Statement

5. Achievements in medicine, science, mathematics, and geography by the Islamic civilization dominated most of the Mediterranean after the decline of the Roman Empire. These achievements were introduced into Western Europe as a result of the Muslim conquests, Crusades, and trade, influencing the European Renaissance.

Learning Targets:

 I can describe the achievements in medicine, science, mathematics, and geography by the Islamic civilization that dominated most of the Mediterranean. These achievements were introduced to Western Europe as a result of Muslim conquests, the Crusades, and trade.

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Content Elaborations

In grade six, students learned general knowledge about world religions, including Islam, as they relate to the overall culture of a region. This year, the study focuses on the impact of Islamic civilization as it spread throughout most of the Mediterranean in the period following the fall of Rome and its later impact on the European Renaissance.


Muslims made contributions in anatomy, physiology, and pharmacology and in medicine with the creation of a medical textbook. Islamic advances in astronomy aided their development of a calendar and improvement of the astrolabe.
They helped establish chemistry as a distinct branch of science and trigonometry as a distinct branch of mathematics. Muslims produced world maps and, later, served as navigators for European explorers.
Islamic achievements spread when Muslim rulers conquered most of the Middle East and parts of southern Europe and from the trade that grew as a result of the Crusades.
As the golden age of Islam was waning in the 15th century, its impact on learning and culture was evident in the Italian Renaissance that began to flourish.


Content Vocabulary

 achievements

 conquest

 dominate




Academic Vocabulary

 identify

 explain

 discuss

 cite cause and effect


Formative Assessments


Summative Assessments

Resources


Enrichment Strategies

Integrations


Intervention Strategies



Grade Seven Social Studies

Theme World Studies from 750 B.C. to 1600 A.D.: Ancient Greece to the First Global Age

Strand History

Topic Feudalism and Transitions

Feudalism developed as a political system based on small local units controlled by lords bound by an oath of loyalty to a monarch. The decline of feudalism in Europe resulted from interactions between the Muslim world and European states. These interactions influenced the rise of new ideas and institutions.



Pacing


Content Statement

6. The Renaissance in Europe introduced revolutionary ideas, leading to cultural, scientific, and social changes.

Learning Targets:

 I can analyze how revolutionary ideas introduced during the Renaissance in Europe led to cultural, scientific, and social changes.

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Content Elaborations

Europe in the 14th through 17th centuries experienced a period in which a rebirth of Greco-Roman ideas impacted culture, science, and society. The Renaissance began in Italy and spread to other European countries. The social changes that took place during the Renaissance transformed every aspect of European society.


The rebirth that took place was most evident in the arts, literature, and education. Painters and sculptors depicted naturalistic scenes and realistic details of individuals. Some experimented in the use of perspective. Many writers focused on ideas for reforming society.
It was also a period in which conventional scientific theories were challenged. The revolutionary ideas relating to the study of the earth and its place in the universe placed those who espoused them in conflict with the Roman Catholic Church.

Content Vocabulary

 revolutionary ideas

 radical

 cultural, scientific, and social changes

 Renaissance


Academic Vocabulary

 analyze

 explain

 discuss

 cite cause and effect


Formative Assessments

Summative Assessments

Resources

Enrichment Strategies

Integrations


Intervention Strategies



Grade Seven Social Studies

Theme World Studies from 750 B.C. to 1600 A.D.: Ancient Greece to the First Global Age

Strand History

Topic Feudalism and Transitions

Feudalism developed as a political system based on small local units controlled by lords bound by an oath of loyalty to a monarch. The decline of feudalism in Europe resulted from interactions between the Muslim world and European states. These interactions influenced the rise of new ideas and institutions.



Pacing


Content Statement

7. The Reformation introduced changes in religion including the emergence of Protestant faiths and a decline in the political power and social influence of the Roman Catholic Church.

Learning Targets:

 I can analyze how the Reformation introduced changes in religion including the beginnings of Protestant faiths and the decline of power and social influence of the Roman Catholic Church.

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Content Elaborations

The Reformation was an outgrowth of the Renaissance. It was a period in the 16th and 17th centuries that led to the decline in the political power and social influence of the Roman Catholic Church.


The Reformation began in Germany and was an attempt to bring reform to some of the policies and doctrines of the Roman Catholic Church (e.g., use of indulgences, practice of nepotism). Reform efforts were met with resistance from the Roman Catholic Church and led the creation of a new Protestant denomination (Lutheran). Soon other Protestant denominations developed across Europe over different issues and under different circumstances (e.g., Anglican, Presbyterian, Anabaptists).


Content Vocabulary

decline of power

 social influences

 reformation

 Protestant faiths

 Roman Catholic Church




Academic Vocabulary

 analyze

 explain

 discuss

 cite cause and effect

 compare and contrast



Formative Assessments


Summative Assessments

Resources


Enrichment Strategies

Integrations


Intervention Strategies

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