Theme: Supreme Court Cases – Constitutional Civil Liberties



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Supreme Court Cases Essay
Directions: Write a well-organized essay that includes an introduction, several paragraphs addressing the task below, and a conclusion.
Theme: Supreme Court Cases – Constitutional Civil Liberties
The United States Supreme Court has played a major role in either expanding or limiting constitutional civil liberties in the United States.
Task:
Identify two Supreme Court cases that have had an impact on civil liberties in the United States. For each case identified:

• Discuss the facts of the case

• Identify a specific constitutional civil liberty issue addressed by the Supreme Court

• Discuss how the decision of the Supreme Court either expanded or limited

constitutional civil liberties in the United States
You may use any appropriate Supreme Court case from your study of United States history. Some cases you may wish to consider include:

Scott v. Sanford (1857) Engel v. Vitale (1962)

Civil Rights Cases (1883) Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)

Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) Heart of Atlanta Motel v. US (1964)

Lochner v. NY (1905) Miranda v. Arizona (1966)

Muller v. Oregon (1908) Tinker v. Des Moines (1969)

Schenck v. US (1919) NY Times v. US (1971)

Korematsu v. US (1944) Roe v. Wade (1973)

Brown v. Board of Education (1954) New Jersey v. TLO (1985)

Watkins v. US (1957) Cruzan v. Missouri (1990)

Mapp v. Ohio (1961) Planned Parenthood v. Casey (1992)

Vernonia v. Acton (1995)



You are not limited to these suggestions.
Guidelines:

In your essay be sure to:

Address all aspects of the Task

Analyze, evaluate, or compare and/or contrast issues and events whenever possible

Fully support the theme of the essay with relevant facts, examples, and details

Write a well-developed essay that consistently demonstrates a logical and clear plan

of organization

Introduce the theme by establishing a framework that is beyond a simple restatement



of the Task

Conclude your essay with a strong summation of the theme



Outline for the Supreme Court Cases Essay:



  1. Introduction – 4 Sentences

  1. Define the Supreme Court

  2. Restate the Generalization

  3. Identify the first case you will discuss

  4. Identify the second case you will discuss



  1. Body Paragraph # 1 (1st case) – 10 Sentences

  1. Identify the case this paragraph will discuss

  2. Discuss the Facts of the case in the next 3 sentences

  3. Discuss Facts

  4. Discuss Facts

  5. Identify and discuss the Constitutional civil liberties this case deals with (questions presented)

  6. Continue to discuss questions presented

  7. Continue to discuss questions presented

  8. Discuss how the decision of the Supreme Court expanded OR limited the constitutional liberties (Why was this case important)

  9. Continue to discuss “Why this case is important”

  10. Continue to discuss “Why this case is important”



  1. Body Paragraph # 2 (2nd case) – 10 Sentences (repeat the same steps of the last paragraph for a DIFFERENT case)



  1. Conclusion – work the steps of the introduction backwards


Outline for the Supreme Court Case Essay:

Example using Mapp v Ohio


Body Paragraph # 1 (1st case) – 10 Sentences

  1. Identify the case this paragraph will discuss

  2. Discuss the Facts of the case in the next 3 sentences

  3. Discuss Facts

  4. Discuss Facts

  5. Identify and discuss the Constitutional civil liberties this case deals with (questions presented)

  6. Continue to discuss questions presented

  7. Continue to discuss questions presented

  8. Discuss how the decision of the Supreme Court expanded OR limited the constitutional liberties (Why was this case important)

  9. Continue to discuss “Why this case is important”

  10. Continue to discuss “Why this case is important”



  1. One US Supreme Court case that expands the rights of the individual was Mapp v Ohio.


# 1 Discuss Facts

2. Cleveland police were looking for bombing suspect at Mapp’s home

3. Police searched her home without a warrant

4. Arrested Mapp for obscene material found in her home


# 2 Identify specific constitutional liberties

(why go to court? What amendment does case deal with?)

5. Mapp feels her 4th amendment right was violated

6. 4th amendment right requires a search warrant

7. Mapp feels search was illegal because there was no warrant
# 3 Impact of the decision

8. Decision under Earl Warren in favor of Mapp



9. Expands the civil liberties of those accused of crimes

10. Established exclusionary rule: illegally obtained evidence cannot be used in court


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