The Wives of King Henry VIII catherine of Aragon



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The Wives of King Henry VIII

Catherine of Aragon
Catherine of Aragon (16 December 1485 – 7 January 1536; Spanish: Catalina de Aragón) was Henry's first wife. She was previously married to Henry’s older brother Arthur, but was left widowed when he died. After Arthur’s death, she married again, this time to Henry.
Prospects were looking good when a Catherine became pregnant in 1510, just 4 months after their marriage, but the girl was stillborn. Catherine became pregnant again in 1511, and gave birth to a boy who died two months later. In 1512, Catherine gave birth to a stillborn boy, and then a stillborn girl in 1513. Finally, Catherine bore him a healthy daughter in 1516, Mary. It took her two years to conceive again. This pregnancy also ended with a stillborn girl. It is said that Henry truly loved Catherine of Aragon; he himself professed it many a time in song, letters, inscriptions, public declarations etc. However, she could not give him a son and so Henry sought to divorce her.
Marriage to Henry VIII: 11 June 1509 – 23 May 1533 (23 years, 11 months, 11 days), Annulled
Anne Boleyn
Anne Boleyn (c.1501/1507–19 May 1536) was the second wife of Henry VIII of England and the mother of Elizabeth I of England. Henry's marriage to Anne, and her later execution, made her a key figure in the political and religious upheaval that was the start of the English Reformation. The daughter of Sir Thomas Boleyn and his wife, Lady Elizabeth Boleyn (born Lady Elizabeth Howard), Anne was of nobler birth than Jane Seymour; Henry's later wife, and was dark-haired, with beautiful features and lively manners. She was educated in Europe, largely as a lady-in-waiting to Queen Claude of France.
Anne resisted the King's attempts to seduce her in 1526 and she refused to become his mistress, as her sister, Mary Boleyn, had been. It soon became the one absorbing object of the King's desires to secure a divorce from his wife, Catherine of Aragon, so he could marry Anne. When it became clear that Pope Clement VII was unlikely to grant the king a divorce, the breaking of the power of the Roman Catholic Church in England began.
In 1533, Henry and Anne went through a secret wedding service.  She soon became pregnant and there was a second, public wedding service, which took place in London on 25 January 1533. Later that year, on 7 September, Anne gave birth to a daughter, Elizabeth. Afterwards, when Anne failed to quickly produce a male heir, the King grew tired of her and a plot was hatched to execute her. Although the evidence against her was unconvincing, Anne was beheaded on charges of adultery, incest, and high treason on 19 May 1536.
Marriage to Henry VIII: 28 May 1533 – 19 May 1536 (2 years, 11 months, 21 days), Annulled then beheaded
Jane Seymour
Jane Seymour (c.1508– 24 October 1537) was Henry's third wife. She served Catherine of Aragon and was one of Anne Boleyn's ladies-in-waiting. It is strongly believed that she is the mistress that disposed of Anne, who was executed just eleven days before Jane's marriage to the king. She was of lower birth than most of Henry's wives, as the daughter of a knight.
A year after her marriage to the King, Jane gave birth to a healthy, legitimate male heir, Edward, but died twelve days later, seemingly because of post-natal complications. This apparently caused her husband genuine grief, as she was the only queen to receive a proper Queen's burial; when the King died in 1547, he was buried next to her.
Marriage to Henry VIII: 30 May 1536 – 24 October 1537 (1 year, 4 months, 24 days), Death from complications of childbirth.
Anne of Cleves
Anne of Cleves (22 September 1515 – 16 July 1557) was Henry's fourth wife, for only six months in 1540, from 6 January to 9 July. Anne of Cleves was a German princess.  It has been incorrectly stated that Henry referred to her as "A Flanders Mare". This famous phrase was not in fact uttered by Henry at all; it was actually written by the historian Bishop Gilbert Burnet writing in the 17th Century, unfortunately the label has stuck with Anne.
Henry quickly decided to divorce her and since she didn’t resist the divorce, she was given a generous settlement, including Hever Castle, former home of Henry's former in-laws, the Boleyns. She was given the name "The King's Sister", and became a friend to him and his children until his death.
Marriage to Henry VIII: 6 January 1540 – 9 July 1540 (6 months, 3 days), Annulled


Katherine Howard
Katherine Howard (c.1521 – 13 February 1542) was Henry's fifth wife 1540–1542 and about 30 years his junior. She is sometimes known as "the rose without a thorn” because she lifted the king’s spirits, but he was later informed of her alleged adultery with Thomas Culpepper on 1 November 1541. With enough evidence brought against her, she was eventually beheaded at the Tower of London. The night before, Katherine spent hours practicing how to lay her head upon the block, and her last words called for mercy for her family and prayers for her soul. It was also popularly believed that Katherine had also declared, "I die a Queen, but I'd rather die the wife of Culpepper. Catherine was a first cousin of Anne Boleyn, as her aunt was Anne's mother.
Marriage to Henry VIII: 28 July 1540 – 13 February 1542 (1 year, 6 months, 18 days), Beheaded
Catherine Parr
Catherine Parr (1512 – 7 September 1548), was the sixth and last wife of Henry VIII 1543–1547. Catherine showed herself to be the restorer of Henry's court as a family home for his children. Catherine was determined to present the royal household as close-knit, in order to demonstrate strength through unity to Henry's enemies. Perhaps Catherine's most significant achievement was Henry's passing of an act that confirmed both Princess Mary's and Elizabeth's line in succession for the throne, despite the fact that they had both been made illegitimate by divorce or remarriage. Such was Henry's trust in Catherine that he chose her to rule as Regent while he was attending to the War in France and in the unlikely event of the loss of his life, she was to rule as Regent until six year old Edward came of age.
Catherine also has a special place in history as she was the most married queen of England, having had four husbands in all; Henry was her third. She had been widowed twice before marrying Henry. After Henry's death, she married Thomas Seymour, uncle of Edward VI, to whom she had formed an attachment prior to her marriage with Henry.
Marriage to Henry VIII: 12 July 1543 – 28 January 1547 (3 years, 6 months, 16 days), His death


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