The War for Europe and North Africa



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Yeam WW2

The War for Europe and North Africa
Take notes and explain what made each event a critical moment or turning point in the war.


Date

Event

Event Description (Approximately 2 sentences.)

What made this event a critical moment or turning point in WW2?


February 1943

End of the Battle of Stalingrad



The US enters the war, and Churchill/FDR agree that Germany and Italy were a greater threat than Japan, so they agree to strike Hitler first.
Battle of Stalingrad: Hitler is waging war in the Soviet Union and winning/doing well. But then another winter sets in and the Germans become trapped by the Soviets who took the winter as an opportunity to launch a major counter attack.
Unsuccessful German assault on the city of Stalingrad in World War II. The battle marked the farthest extent of the German advance into the Soviet Union.





May 1943

End of Operation Torch



Operation Torch: Stalin pressured the Allies for a second front. FDR/Churchill didn’t think they had enough troops to invade in Europe so they invaded Axis controlled North Africa.
The invasion of French North Africa by American and British forces in November 1942; the first major joint Allied offensive in World War II. It ended the North Africa campaign.





Mid 1943

Victory in the Battle of the Atlantic


Contest in World War II between Britain (and later the U.S.) and Germany for the control of Atlantic sea routes. Allied shipping losses were severe, but the Allies succeeded in tightening their blockade of Axis Europe and combating the Axis war on shipping. By mid-1943 the Allies had recovered control of the sea routes.





June 1944

D-Day
(Operation Overlord)


June 6, 1944, the day on which the Allied forces invaded France during World War II.
D-Day: Eisenhower’s plan to attack Normandy in Northern France which had fallen under German control. To keep their plans a secret the Allies created a huge phantom army they knew the Germans could read and sent orders for this fake army to attack a different port in France. As a result Hitler ordered his generals to keep a large army there.





July 1944

Liberation of Majdanek



A village in Poland where the Germans established and operated a concentration camp there in World War II.





August 1944

Liberation of France



After the success of the D-Day Landing in Normandy, Allied generals sought to surround and defeat German armies in France, in hopes that such moves would not only return the country to French control but also bring about German surrender.





October 1944

Capture of Aachen



US troops capture Aachen, the first large German city to fall during WW2.




January 1945

End of the Battle of the Bulge



The last major offensive by the German army in World War II. In late 1944, the invasion of Belgium by the Allies was temporarily stopped by a German counterattack in which the Germans broke through the Allied defenses, seizing territory that caused a large “bulge” in their lines. The Allies, led by General George Patton, drove the German forces back with heavy casualties on both sides.





Spring 1945

End of the Italian campaign



Allied actions taken around Italy during WW2.




May 1945

V-E Day


May 8, 1945, the day on which the Allies announced the surrender of German forces in Europe.






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