|The USA Patriot Act
Title I Enhancing Domestic Security Against Terrorism
Title Ii Enhanced Surveillance Procedures
Title Iii International Money Laundering
Title Iv Protecting The Border
Title V Removing Obstacles To Investigating Terrorism
Title Vi Providing For Victims Of Terrorism, Public Safety Officers,
Title Vii Increased Information Sharing For Critical Infrastructure
Title Viii Strengthening The Criminal Laws Against Terrorism
Title Ix Improved Intelligence
Title X Miscellaneous
UNITING AND STRENGTHENING AMERICA BY PROVIDING APPROPRIATE TOOLS
REQUIRED TO INTERCEPT AND OBSTRUCT TERRORISM (USA PATRIOT ACT) ACT OF
Public Law 107-56
To deter and punish terrorist acts in the United States and around the
world, to enhance law enforcement investigatory tools, and for other
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the
United States of America <> in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE AND TABLE OF CONTENTS.
(a) Short <> Title.--This Act may be cited as
the ``Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools
Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism (USA PATRIOT ACT) Act of
(b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as
Sec. 1. Short title and table of contents.
Sec. 2. Construction; severability.
TITLE I--ENHANCING DOMESTIC SECURITY AGAINST TERRORISM
Sec. 101. Counterterrorism fund.
Sec. 102. Sense of Congress condemning discrimination against Arab and
Sec. 103. Increased funding for the technical support center at the
Federal Bureau of Investigation.
Sec. 104. Requests for military assistance to enforce prohibition in
Sec. 105. Expansion of National Electronic Crime Task Force Initiative.
Sec. 106. Presidential authority.
TITLE II--ENHANCED SURVEILLANCE PROCEDURES
Sec. 201. Authority to intercept wire, oral, and electronic
communications relating to terrorism.
Sec. 202. Authority to intercept wire, oral, and electronic
communications relating to computer fraud and abuse offenses.
Sec. 203. Authority to share criminal investigative information.
Sec. 204. Clarification of intelligence exceptions from limitations on
interception and disclosure of wire, oral, and electronic
Sec. 205. Employment of translators by the Federal Bureau of
Sec. 206. Roving surveillance authority under the Foreign Intelligence
Surveillance Act of 1978.
Sec. 207. Duration of FISA surveillance of non-United States persons who
are agents of a foreign power.
Sec. 208. Designation of judges.
Sec. 209. Seizure of voice-mail messages pursuant to warrants.
Sec. 210. Scope of subpoenas for records of electronic communications.
Sec. 211. Clarification of scope.
Sec. 212. Emergency disclosure of electronic communications to protect
life and limb.
Sec. 213. Authority for delaying notice of the execution of a warrant.
Sec. 214. Pen register and trap and trace authority under FISA.
Sec. 215. Access to records and other items under the Foreign
Intelligence Surveillance Act.
Sec. 216. Modification of authorities relating to use of pen registers
and trap and trace devices.
Sec. 217. Interception of computer trespasser communications.
Sec. 218. Foreign intelligence information.
Sec. 219. Single-jurisdiction search warrants for terrorism.
Sec. 220. Nationwide service of search warrants for electronic evidence.
Sec. 221. Trade sanctions.
Sec. 222. Assistance to law enforcement agencies.
Sec. 223. Civil liability for certain unauthorized disclosures.
Sec. 224. Sunset.
Sec. 225. Immunity for compliance with FISA wiretap.
TITLE III--INTERNATIONAL MONEY LAUNDERING ABATEMENT AND ANTI-TERRORIST
FINANCING ACT OF 2001
Sec. 301. Short title.
Sec. 302. Findings and purposes.
Sec. 303. 4-year congressional review; expedited consideration.
Subtitle A--International Counter Money Laundering and Related Measures
Sec. 311. Special measures for jurisdictions, financial institutions, or
international transactions of primary money laundering
Sec. 312. Special due diligence for correspondent accounts and private
Sec. 313. Prohibition on United States correspondent accounts with
foreign shell banks.
Sec. 314. Cooperative efforts to deter money laundering.
Sec. 315. Inclusion of foreign corruption offenses as money laundering
Sec. 316. Anti-terrorist forfeiture protection.
Sec. 317. Long-arm jurisdiction over foreign money launderers.
Sec. 318. Laundering money through a foreign bank.
Sec. 319. Forfeiture of funds in United States interbank accounts.
Sec. 320. Proceeds of foreign crimes.
Sec. 321. Financial institutions specified in subchapter II of chapter
53 of title 31, United States code.
Sec. 322. Corporation represented by a fugitive.
Sec. 323. Enforcement of foreign judgments.
Sec. 324. Report and recommendation.
Sec. 325. Concentration accounts at financial institutions.
Sec. 326. Verification of identification.
Sec. 327. Consideration of anti-money laundering record.
Sec. 328. International cooperation on identification of originators of
Sec. 329. Criminal penalties.
Sec. 330. International cooperation in investigations of money
laundering, financial crimes, and the finances of terrorist
Subtitle B--Bank Secrecy Act Amendments and Related Improvements
Sec. 351. Amendments relating to reporting of suspicious activities.
Sec. 352. Anti-money laundering programs.
Sec. 353. Penalties for violations of geographic targeting orders and
certain recordkeeping requirements, and lengthening effective
period of geographic targeting orders.
Sec. 354. Anti-money laundering strategy.
Sec. 355. Authorization to include suspicions of illegal activity in
written employment references.
Sec. 356. Reporting of suspicious activities by securities brokers and
dealers; investment company study.
Sec. 357. Special report on administration of bank secrecy provisions.
Sec. 358. Bank secrecy provisions and activities of United States
intelligence agencies to fight international terrorism.
Sec. 359. Reporting of suspicious activities by underground banking
Sec. 360. Use of authority of United States Executive Directors.
Sec. 361. Financial crimes enforcement network.
Sec. 362. Establishment of highly secure network.
Sec. 363. Increase in civil and criminal penalties for money laundering.
Sec. 364. Uniform protection authority for Federal Reserve facilities.
Sec. 365. Reports relating to coins and currency received in
nonfinancial trade or business.
Sec. 366. Efficient use of currency transaction report system.
Subtitle C--Currency Crimes and Protection
Sec. 371. Bulk cash smuggling into or out of the United States.
Sec. 372. Forfeiture in currency reporting cases.
Sec. 373. Illegal money transmitting businesses.
Sec. 374. Counterfeiting domestic currency and obligations.
Sec. 375. Counterfeiting foreign currency and obligations.
Sec. 376. Laundering the proceeds of terrorism.
Sec. 377. Extraterritorial jurisdiction.
TITLE IV--PROTECTING THE BORDER
Subtitle A--Protecting the Northern Border
Sec. 401. Ensuring adequate personnel on the northern border.
Sec. 402. Northern border personnel.
Sec. 403. Access by the Department of State and the INS to certain
identifying information in the criminal history records of
visa applicants and applicants for admission to the United
Sec. 404. Limited authority to pay overtime.
Sec. 405. Report on the integrated automated fingerprint identification
system for ports of entry and overseas consular posts.
Subtitle B--Enhanced Immigration Provisions
Sec. 411. Definitions relating to terrorism.
Sec. 412. Mandatory detention of suspected terrorists; habeas corpus;
Sec. 413. Multilateral cooperation against terrorists.
Sec. 414. Visa integrity and security.
Sec. 415. Participation of Office of Homeland Security on Entry-Exit
Sec. 416. Foreign student monitoring program.
Sec. 417. Machine readable passports.
Sec. 418. Prevention of consulate shopping.
Subtitle C--Preservation of Immigration Benefits for Victims of
Sec. 421. Special immigrant status.
Sec. 422. Extension of filing or reentry deadlines.
Sec. 423. Humanitarian relief for certain surviving spouses and
Sec. 424. ``Age-out'' protection for children.
Sec. 425. Temporary administrative relief.
Sec. 426. Evidence of death, disability, or loss of employment.
Sec. 427. No benefits to terrorists or family members of terrorists.
Sec. 428. Definitions.
TITLE V--REMOVING OBSTACLES TO INVESTIGATING TERRORISM
Sec. 501. Attorney General's authority to pay rewards to combat
Sec. 502. Secretary of State's authority to pay rewards.
Sec. 503. DNA identification of terrorists and other violent offenders.
Sec. 504. Coordination with law enforcement.
Sec. 505. Miscellaneous national security authorities.
Sec. 506. Extension of Secret Service jurisdiction.
Sec. 507. Disclosure of educational records.
Sec. 508. Disclosure of information from NCES surveys.
TITLE VI--PROVIDING FOR VICTIMS OF TERRORISM, PUBLIC SAFETY OFFICERS,
AND THEIR FAMILIES
Subtitle A--Aid to Families of Public Safety Officers
Sec. 611. Expedited payment for public safety officers involved in the
prevention, investigation, rescue, or recovery efforts
related to a terrorist attack.
Sec. 612. Technical correction with respect to expedited payments for
heroic public safety officers.
Sec. 613. Public safety officers benefit program payment increase.
Sec. 614. Office of Justice programs.
Subtitle B--Amendments to the Victims of Crime Act of 1984
Sec. 621. Crime victims fund.
Sec. 622. Crime victim compensation.
Sec. 623. Crime victim assistance.
Sec. 624. Victims of terrorism.
TITLE VII--INCREASED INFORMATION SHARING FOR CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE
Sec. 701. Expansion of regional information sharing system to facilitate
Federal-State-local law enforcement response related to
TITLE VIII--STRENGTHENING THE CRIMINAL LAWS AGAINST TERRORISM
Sec. 801. Terrorist attacks and other acts of violence against mass
Sec. 802. Definition of domestic terrorism.
Sec. 803. Prohibition against harboring terrorists.
Sec. 804. Jurisdiction over crimes committed at U.S. facilities abroad.
Sec. 805. Material support for terrorism.
Sec. 806. Assets of terrorist organizations.
Sec. 807. Technical clarification relating to provision of material
support to terrorism.
Sec. 808. Definition of Federal crime of terrorism.
Sec. 809. No statute of limitation for certain terrorism offenses.
Sec. 810. Alternate maximum penalties for terrorism offenses.
Sec. 811. Penalties for terrorist conspiracies.
Sec. 812. Post-release supervision of terrorists.
Sec. 813. Inclusion of acts of terrorism as racketeering activity.
Sec. 814. Deterrence and prevention of cyberterrorism.
Sec. 815. Additional defense to civil actions relating to preserving
records in response to Government requests.
Sec. 816. Development and support of cybersecurity forensic
Sec. 817. Expansion of the biological weapons statute.
TITLE IX--IMPROVED INTELLIGENCE
Sec. 901. Responsibilities of Director of Central Intelligence regarding
foreign intelligence collected under Foreign Intelligence
Surveillance Act of 1978.
Sec. 902. Inclusion of international terrorist activities within scope
of foreign intelligence under National Security Act of 1947.
Sec. 903. Sense of Congress on the establishment and maintenance of
intelligence relationships to acquire information on
terrorists and terrorist organizations.
Sec. 904. Temporary authority to defer submittal to Congress of reports
on intelligence and intelligence-related matters.
Sec. 905. Disclosure to Director of Central Intelligence of foreign
intelligence-related information with respect to criminal
Sec. 906. Foreign terrorist asset tracking center.
Sec. 907. National Virtual Translation Center.
Sec. 908. Training of government officials regarding identification and
use of foreign intelligence.
Sec. 1001. Review of the department of justice.
Sec. 1002. Sense of congress.
Sec. 1003. Definition of ``electronic surveillance''.
Sec. 1004. Venue in money laundering cases.
Sec. 1005. First responders assistance act.
Sec. 1006. Inadmissibility of aliens engaged in money laundering.
Sec. 1007. Authorization of funds for dea police training in south and
Sec. 1008. Feasibility study on use of biometric identifier scanning
system with access to the fbi integrated automated
fingerprint identification system at overseas consular posts
and points of entry to the United States.
Sec. 1009. Study of access.
Sec. 1010. Temporary authority to contract with local and State
governments for performance of security functions at United
States military installations.
Sec. 1011. Crimes against charitable americans.
Sec. 1012. Limitation on issuance of hazmat licenses.
Sec. 1013. Expressing the sense of the senate concerning the provision
of funding for bioterrorism preparedness and response.
Sec. 1014. Grant program for State and local domestic preparedness
Sec. 1015. Expansion and reauthorization of the crime identification
technology act for antiterrorism grants to States and
Sec. 1016. Critical infrastructures protection.
SEC. 2. <> CONSTRUCTION; SEVERABILITY.
Any provision of this Act held to be invalid or unenforceable by its
terms, or as applied to any person or circumstance, shall be construed
so as to give it the maximum effect permitted by law, unless such
holding shall be one of utter invalidity or unenforceability, in which
event such provision shall be deemed severable from this Act and shall not affect the remainder thereof or the application of such provision to other persons not similarly
situated or to other, dissimilar circumstances.
TITLE I--ENHANCING DOMESTIC SECURITY AGAINST TERRORISM
SEC. 101. <> COUNTERTERRORISM FUND.
(a) Establishment; Availability.--There is hereby established in the
Treasury of the United States a separate fund to be known as the
``Counterterrorism Fund'', amounts in which shall remain available
without fiscal year limitation--
(1) to reimburse any Department of Justice component for any
costs incurred in connection with--
(A) reestablishing the operational capability of an
office or facility that has been damaged or destroyed as
the result of any domestic or international terrorism
(B) providing support to counter, investigate, or
prosecute domestic or international terrorism,
including, without limitation, paying rewards in
connection with these activities; and
(C) conducting terrorism threat assessments of
Federal agencies and their facilities; and
(2) to reimburse any department or agency of the Federal
Government for any costs incurred in connection with detaining
in foreign countries individuals accused of acts of terrorism
that violate the laws of the United States.
(b) No Effect on Prior Appropriations.--Subsection (a) shall not be
construed to affect the amount or availability of any appropriation to
the Counterterrorism Fund made before the date of the enactment of this
SEC. 102. SENSE OF CONGRESS CONDEMNING DISCRIMINATION AGAINST ARAB AND
(a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
(1) Arab Americans, Muslim Americans, and Americans from
South Asia play a vital role in our Nation and are entitled to
nothing less than the full rights of every American.
(2) The acts of violence that have been taken against Arab
and Muslim Americans since the September 11, 2001, attacks
against the United States should be and are condemned by all
Americans who value freedom.
(3) The concept of individual responsibility for wrongdoing
is sacrosanct in American society, and applies equally to all
religious, racial, and ethnic groups.
(4) When American citizens commit acts of violence against
those who are, or are perceived to be, of Arab or Muslim
descent, they should be punished to the full extent of the law.
(5) Muslim Americans have become so fearful of harassment
that many Muslim women are changing the way they dress to avoid
(6) Many Arab Americans and Muslim Americans have acted
heroically during the attacks on the United States, including
Mohammed Salman Hamdani, a 23-year-old New Yorker of Pakistani
descent, who is believed to have gone to the World Trade Center to offer
rescue assistance and is now
(b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
(1) the civil rights and civil liberties of all Americans,
including Arab Americans, Muslim Americans, and Americans from
South Asia, must be protected, and that every effort must be
taken to preserve their safety;
(2) any acts of violence or discrimination against any
Americans be condemned; and
(3) the Nation is called upon to recognize the patriotism of
fellow citizens from all ethnic, racial, and religious
SEC. 103. INCREASED FUNDING FOR THE TECHNICAL SUPPORT CENTER AT THE
FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION.
There are authorized to be appropriated for the Technical Support
Center established in section 811 of the Antiterrorism and Effective
Death Penalty Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-132) to help meet the demands
for activities to combat terrorism and support and enhance the technical
support and tactical operations of the FBI, $200,000,000 for each of the
fiscal years 2002, 2003, and 2004.
SEC. 104. REQUESTS FOR MILITARY ASSISTANCE TO ENFORCE PROHIBITION IN
Section 2332e of title 18, United States Code, is amended--
(1) by striking ``2332c'' and inserting ``2332a''; and
(2) by striking ``chemical''.
SEC. 105. <> EXPANSION OF NATIONAL ELECTRONIC
CRIME TASK FORCE INITIATIVE.
The Director of the United States Secret Service shall take
appropriate actions to develop a national network of electronic crime
task forces, based on the New York Electronic Crimes Task Force model,
throughout the United States, for the purpose of preventing, detecting,
and investigating various forms of electronic crimes, including
potential terrorist attacks against critical infrastructure and
financial payment systems.
SEC. 106. PRESIDENTIAL AUTHORITY.
Section 203 of the International Emergency Powers Act (50 U.S.C.
1702) is amended--
(1) in subsection (a)(1)--
(A) at the end of subparagraph (A) (flush to that
subparagraph), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a
comma and the following:
``by any person, or with respect to any property, subject to the
jurisdiction of the United States;'';
(B) in subparagraph (B)--
(i) by inserting ``, block during the pendency
of an investigation'' after ``investigate''; and
(ii) by striking ``interest;'' and inserting
``interest by any person, or with respect to any
property, subject to the jurisdiction of the
United States; and'';
(C) by striking ``by any person, or with respect to
any property, subject to the jurisdiction of the United
(D) by inserting at the end the following:
``(C) when the United States is engaged in armed
hostilities or has been attacked by a foreign country or
foreign nationals, confiscate any property, subject to
the jurisdiction of the United States, of any foreign
person, foreign organization, or foreign country that he
determines has planned, authorized, aided, or engaged in
such hostilities or attacks against the United States;
and all right, title, and interest in any property so
confiscated shall vest, when, as, and upon the terms
directed by the President, in such agency or person as
the President may designate from time to time, and upon
such terms and conditions as the President may
prescribe, such interest or property shall be held,
used, administered, liquidated, sold, or otherwise dealt
with in the interest of and for the benefit of the
United States, and such designated agency or person may
perform any and all acts incident to the accomplishment
or furtherance of these purposes.''; and
(2) by inserting at the end the following:
``(c) Classified Information.--In any judicial review of a
determination made under this section, if the determination was based on
classified information (as defined in section 1(a) of the Classified
Information Procedures Act) such information may be submitted to the
reviewing court ex parte and in camera. This subsection does not confer
or imply any right to judicial review.''.