The usa patriot Act Title I enhancing Domestic Security Against Terrorism



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The USA Patriot Act

Title I Enhancing Domestic Security Against Terrorism

Title Ii Enhanced Surveillance Procedures

Title Iii International Money Laundering

Title Iv Protecting The Border

Title V Removing Obstacles To Investigating Terrorism

Title Vi Providing For Victims Of Terrorism, Public Safety Officers,

Title Vii Increased Information Sharing For Critical Infrastructure

Title Viii Strengthening The Criminal Laws Against Terrorism

Title Ix Improved Intelligence

Title X Miscellaneous

UNITING AND STRENGTHENING AMERICA BY PROVIDING APPROPRIATE TOOLS

REQUIRED TO INTERCEPT AND OBSTRUCT TERRORISM (USA PATRIOT ACT) ACT OF

2001


Public Law 107-56

107th Congress

An Act

To deter and punish terrorist acts in the United States and around the



world, to enhance law enforcement investigatory tools, and for other

purposes. <>


Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the

United States of America <> in Congress assembled,


SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE AND TABLE OF CONTENTS.
(a) Short <> Title.--This Act may be cited as

the ``Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools

Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism (USA PATRIOT ACT) Act of

2001''.
(b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as

follows:
Sec. 1. Short title and table of contents.

Sec. 2. Construction; severability.


TITLE I--ENHANCING DOMESTIC SECURITY AGAINST TERRORISM
Sec. 101. Counterterrorism fund.

Sec. 102. Sense of Congress condemning discrimination against Arab and

Muslim Americans.

Sec. 103. Increased funding for the technical support center at the

Federal Bureau of Investigation.

Sec. 104. Requests for military assistance to enforce prohibition in

certain emergencies.

Sec. 105. Expansion of National Electronic Crime Task Force Initiative.

Sec. 106. Presidential authority.
TITLE II--ENHANCED SURVEILLANCE PROCEDURES
Sec. 201. Authority to intercept wire, oral, and electronic

communications relating to terrorism.

Sec. 202. Authority to intercept wire, oral, and electronic

communications relating to computer fraud and abuse offenses.

Sec. 203. Authority to share criminal investigative information.

Sec. 204. Clarification of intelligence exceptions from limitations on

interception and disclosure of wire, oral, and electronic

communications.

Sec. 205. Employment of translators by the Federal Bureau of

Investigation.

Sec. 206. Roving surveillance authority under the Foreign Intelligence

Surveillance Act of 1978.

Sec. 207. Duration of FISA surveillance of non-United States persons who

are agents of a foreign power.

Sec. 208. Designation of judges.

Sec. 209. Seizure of voice-mail messages pursuant to warrants.

Sec. 210. Scope of subpoenas for records of electronic communications.

Sec. 211. Clarification of scope.

Sec. 212. Emergency disclosure of electronic communications to protect

life and limb.

Sec. 213. Authority for delaying notice of the execution of a warrant.

Sec. 214. Pen register and trap and trace authority under FISA.

Sec. 215. Access to records and other items under the Foreign

Intelligence Surveillance Act.

Sec. 216. Modification of authorities relating to use of pen registers

and trap and trace devices.


Sec. 217. Interception of computer trespasser communications.

Sec. 218. Foreign intelligence information.

Sec. 219. Single-jurisdiction search warrants for terrorism.

Sec. 220. Nationwide service of search warrants for electronic evidence.

Sec. 221. Trade sanctions.

Sec. 222. Assistance to law enforcement agencies.

Sec. 223. Civil liability for certain unauthorized disclosures.

Sec. 224. Sunset.

Sec. 225. Immunity for compliance with FISA wiretap.
TITLE III--INTERNATIONAL MONEY LAUNDERING ABATEMENT AND ANTI-TERRORIST

FINANCING ACT OF 2001


Sec. 301. Short title.

Sec. 302. Findings and purposes.

Sec. 303. 4-year congressional review; expedited consideration.
Subtitle A--International Counter Money Laundering and Related Measures
Sec. 311. Special measures for jurisdictions, financial institutions, or

international transactions of primary money laundering

concern.

Sec. 312. Special due diligence for correspondent accounts and private

banking accounts.

Sec. 313. Prohibition on United States correspondent accounts with

foreign shell banks.

Sec. 314. Cooperative efforts to deter money laundering.

Sec. 315. Inclusion of foreign corruption offenses as money laundering

crimes.


Sec. 316. Anti-terrorist forfeiture protection.

Sec. 317. Long-arm jurisdiction over foreign money launderers.

Sec. 318. Laundering money through a foreign bank.

Sec. 319. Forfeiture of funds in United States interbank accounts.

Sec. 320. Proceeds of foreign crimes.

Sec. 321. Financial institutions specified in subchapter II of chapter

53 of title 31, United States code.

Sec. 322. Corporation represented by a fugitive.

Sec. 323. Enforcement of foreign judgments.

Sec. 324. Report and recommendation.

Sec. 325. Concentration accounts at financial institutions.

Sec. 326. Verification of identification.

Sec. 327. Consideration of anti-money laundering record.

Sec. 328. International cooperation on identification of originators of

wire transfers.

Sec. 329. Criminal penalties.

Sec. 330. International cooperation in investigations of money

laundering, financial crimes, and the finances of terrorist

groups.
Subtitle B--Bank Secrecy Act Amendments and Related Improvements
Sec. 351. Amendments relating to reporting of suspicious activities.

Sec. 352. Anti-money laundering programs.

Sec. 353. Penalties for violations of geographic targeting orders and

certain recordkeeping requirements, and lengthening effective

period of geographic targeting orders.

Sec. 354. Anti-money laundering strategy.

Sec. 355. Authorization to include suspicions of illegal activity in

written employment references.

Sec. 356. Reporting of suspicious activities by securities brokers and

dealers; investment company study.

Sec. 357. Special report on administration of bank secrecy provisions.

Sec. 358. Bank secrecy provisions and activities of United States

intelligence agencies to fight international terrorism.

Sec. 359. Reporting of suspicious activities by underground banking

systems.

Sec. 360. Use of authority of United States Executive Directors.

Sec. 361. Financial crimes enforcement network.

Sec. 362. Establishment of highly secure network.

Sec. 363. Increase in civil and criminal penalties for money laundering.

Sec. 364. Uniform protection authority for Federal Reserve facilities.

Sec. 365. Reports relating to coins and currency received in

nonfinancial trade or business.

Sec. 366. Efficient use of currency transaction report system.
Subtitle C--Currency Crimes and Protection
Sec. 371. Bulk cash smuggling into or out of the United States.

Sec. 372. Forfeiture in currency reporting cases.

Sec. 373. Illegal money transmitting businesses.

Sec. 374. Counterfeiting domestic currency and obligations.

Sec. 375. Counterfeiting foreign currency and obligations.

Sec. 376. Laundering the proceeds of terrorism.

Sec. 377. Extraterritorial jurisdiction.
TITLE IV--PROTECTING THE BORDER
Subtitle A--Protecting the Northern Border
Sec. 401. Ensuring adequate personnel on the northern border.

Sec. 402. Northern border personnel.

Sec. 403. Access by the Department of State and the INS to certain

identifying information in the criminal history records of

visa applicants and applicants for admission to the United

States.


Sec. 404. Limited authority to pay overtime.

Sec. 405. Report on the integrated automated fingerprint identification

system for ports of entry and overseas consular posts.
Subtitle B--Enhanced Immigration Provisions
Sec. 411. Definitions relating to terrorism.

Sec. 412. Mandatory detention of suspected terrorists; habeas corpus;

judicial review.

Sec. 413. Multilateral cooperation against terrorists.

Sec. 414. Visa integrity and security.

Sec. 415. Participation of Office of Homeland Security on Entry-Exit

Task Force.

Sec. 416. Foreign student monitoring program.

Sec. 417. Machine readable passports.

Sec. 418. Prevention of consulate shopping.


Subtitle C--Preservation of Immigration Benefits for Victims of

Terrorism


Sec. 421. Special immigrant status.

Sec. 422. Extension of filing or reentry deadlines.

Sec. 423. Humanitarian relief for certain surviving spouses and

children.

Sec. 424. ``Age-out'' protection for children.

Sec. 425. Temporary administrative relief.

Sec. 426. Evidence of death, disability, or loss of employment.

Sec. 427. No benefits to terrorists or family members of terrorists.

Sec. 428. Definitions.
TITLE V--REMOVING OBSTACLES TO INVESTIGATING TERRORISM
Sec. 501. Attorney General's authority to pay rewards to combat

terrorism.

Sec. 502. Secretary of State's authority to pay rewards.

Sec. 503. DNA identification of terrorists and other violent offenders.

Sec. 504. Coordination with law enforcement.

Sec. 505. Miscellaneous national security authorities.

Sec. 506. Extension of Secret Service jurisdiction.

Sec. 507. Disclosure of educational records.

Sec. 508. Disclosure of information from NCES surveys.
TITLE VI--PROVIDING FOR VICTIMS OF TERRORISM, PUBLIC SAFETY OFFICERS,

AND THEIR FAMILIES


Subtitle A--Aid to Families of Public Safety Officers
Sec. 611. Expedited payment for public safety officers involved in the

prevention, investigation, rescue, or recovery efforts

related to a terrorist attack.

Sec. 612. Technical correction with respect to expedited payments for

heroic public safety officers.

Sec. 613. Public safety officers benefit program payment increase.

Sec. 614. Office of Justice programs.
Subtitle B--Amendments to the Victims of Crime Act of 1984
Sec. 621. Crime victims fund.

Sec. 622. Crime victim compensation.

Sec. 623. Crime victim assistance.

Sec. 624. Victims of terrorism.


TITLE VII--INCREASED INFORMATION SHARING FOR CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE

PROTECTION


Sec. 701. Expansion of regional information sharing system to facilitate

Federal-State-local law enforcement response related to

terrorist attacks.
TITLE VIII--STRENGTHENING THE CRIMINAL LAWS AGAINST TERRORISM
Sec. 801. Terrorist attacks and other acts of violence against mass

transportation systems.

Sec. 802. Definition of domestic terrorism.

Sec. 803. Prohibition against harboring terrorists.

Sec. 804. Jurisdiction over crimes committed at U.S. facilities abroad.

Sec. 805. Material support for terrorism.

Sec. 806. Assets of terrorist organizations.

Sec. 807. Technical clarification relating to provision of material

support to terrorism.

Sec. 808. Definition of Federal crime of terrorism.

Sec. 809. No statute of limitation for certain terrorism offenses.

Sec. 810. Alternate maximum penalties for terrorism offenses.

Sec. 811. Penalties for terrorist conspiracies.

Sec. 812. Post-release supervision of terrorists.

Sec. 813. Inclusion of acts of terrorism as racketeering activity.

Sec. 814. Deterrence and prevention of cyberterrorism.

Sec. 815. Additional defense to civil actions relating to preserving

records in response to Government requests.

Sec. 816. Development and support of cybersecurity forensic

capabilities.

Sec. 817. Expansion of the biological weapons statute.
TITLE IX--IMPROVED INTELLIGENCE
Sec. 901. Responsibilities of Director of Central Intelligence regarding

foreign intelligence collected under Foreign Intelligence

Surveillance Act of 1978.

Sec. 902. Inclusion of international terrorist activities within scope

of foreign intelligence under National Security Act of 1947.

Sec. 903. Sense of Congress on the establishment and maintenance of

intelligence relationships to acquire information on

terrorists and terrorist organizations.

Sec. 904. Temporary authority to defer submittal to Congress of reports

on intelligence and intelligence-related matters.

Sec. 905. Disclosure to Director of Central Intelligence of foreign

intelligence-related information with respect to criminal

investigations.

Sec. 906. Foreign terrorist asset tracking center.

Sec. 907. National Virtual Translation Center.

Sec. 908. Training of government officials regarding identification and

use of foreign intelligence.
TITLE X--MISCELLANEOUS
Sec. 1001. Review of the department of justice.

Sec. 1002. Sense of congress.

Sec. 1003. Definition of ``electronic surveillance''.

Sec. 1004. Venue in money laundering cases.

Sec. 1005. First responders assistance act.

Sec. 1006. Inadmissibility of aliens engaged in money laundering.

Sec. 1007. Authorization of funds for dea police training in south and

central asia.

Sec. 1008. Feasibility study on use of biometric identifier scanning

system with access to the fbi integrated automated

fingerprint identification system at overseas consular posts

and points of entry to the United States.

Sec. 1009. Study of access.

Sec. 1010. Temporary authority to contract with local and State

governments for performance of security functions at United

States military installations.

Sec. 1011. Crimes against charitable americans.

Sec. 1012. Limitation on issuance of hazmat licenses.

Sec. 1013. Expressing the sense of the senate concerning the provision

of funding for bioterrorism preparedness and response.

Sec. 1014. Grant program for State and local domestic preparedness

support.


Sec. 1015. Expansion and reauthorization of the crime identification

technology act for antiterrorism grants to States and

localities.

Sec. 1016. Critical infrastructures protection.


SEC. 2. <> CONSTRUCTION; SEVERABILITY.
Any provision of this Act held to be invalid or unenforceable by its

terms, or as applied to any person or circumstance, shall be construed

so as to give it the maximum effect permitted by law, unless such

holding shall be one of utter invalidity or unenforceability, in which

event such provision shall be deemed severable from this Act and shall not affect the remainder thereof or the application of such provision to other persons not similarly

situated or to other, dissimilar circumstances.


TITLE I--ENHANCING DOMESTIC SECURITY AGAINST TERRORISM
SEC. 101. <> COUNTERTERRORISM FUND.
(a) Establishment; Availability.--There is hereby established in the

Treasury of the United States a separate fund to be known as the

``Counterterrorism Fund'', amounts in which shall remain available

without fiscal year limitation--

(1) to reimburse any Department of Justice component for any

costs incurred in connection with--

(A) reestablishing the operational capability of an

office or facility that has been damaged or destroyed as

the result of any domestic or international terrorism

incident;

(B) providing support to counter, investigate, or

prosecute domestic or international terrorism,

including, without limitation, paying rewards in

connection with these activities; and

(C) conducting terrorism threat assessments of

Federal agencies and their facilities; and

(2) to reimburse any department or agency of the Federal

Government for any costs incurred in connection with detaining

in foreign countries individuals accused of acts of terrorism

that violate the laws of the United States.
(b) No Effect on Prior Appropriations.--Subsection (a) shall not be

construed to affect the amount or availability of any appropriation to

the Counterterrorism Fund made before the date of the enactment of this

Act.
SEC. 102. SENSE OF CONGRESS CONDEMNING DISCRIMINATION AGAINST ARAB AND

MUSLIM AMERICANS.
(a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:

(1) Arab Americans, Muslim Americans, and Americans from

South Asia play a vital role in our Nation and are entitled to

nothing less than the full rights of every American.

(2) The acts of violence that have been taken against Arab

and Muslim Americans since the September 11, 2001, attacks

against the United States should be and are condemned by all

Americans who value freedom.

(3) The concept of individual responsibility for wrongdoing

is sacrosanct in American society, and applies equally to all

religious, racial, and ethnic groups.

(4) When American citizens commit acts of violence against

those who are, or are perceived to be, of Arab or Muslim

descent, they should be punished to the full extent of the law.

(5) Muslim Americans have become so fearful of harassment

that many Muslim women are changing the way they dress to avoid

becoming targets.

(6) Many Arab Americans and Muslim Americans have acted

heroically during the attacks on the United States, including

Mohammed Salman Hamdani, a 23-year-old New Yorker of Pakistani

descent, who is believed to have gone to the World Trade Center to offer

rescue assistance and is now

missing.
(b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--

(1) the civil rights and civil liberties of all Americans,

including Arab Americans, Muslim Americans, and Americans from

South Asia, must be protected, and that every effort must be

taken to preserve their safety;

(2) any acts of violence or discrimination against any

Americans be condemned; and

(3) the Nation is called upon to recognize the patriotism of

fellow citizens from all ethnic, racial, and religious

backgrounds.
SEC. 103. INCREASED FUNDING FOR THE TECHNICAL SUPPORT CENTER AT THE

FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION.
There are authorized to be appropriated for the Technical Support

Center established in section 811 of the Antiterrorism and Effective

Death Penalty Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-132) to help meet the demands

for activities to combat terrorism and support and enhance the technical

support and tactical operations of the FBI, $200,000,000 for each of the

fiscal years 2002, 2003, and 2004.
SEC. 104. REQUESTS FOR MILITARY ASSISTANCE TO ENFORCE PROHIBITION IN

CERTAIN EMERGENCIES.
Section 2332e of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

(1) by striking ``2332c'' and inserting ``2332a''; and

(2) by striking ``chemical''.
SEC. 105. <> EXPANSION OF NATIONAL ELECTRONIC

CRIME TASK FORCE INITIATIVE.
The Director of the United States Secret Service shall take

appropriate actions to develop a national network of electronic crime

task forces, based on the New York Electronic Crimes Task Force model,

throughout the United States, for the purpose of preventing, detecting,

and investigating various forms of electronic crimes, including

potential terrorist attacks against critical infrastructure and

financial payment systems.
SEC. 106. PRESIDENTIAL AUTHORITY.
Section 203 of the International Emergency Powers Act (50 U.S.C.

1702) is amended--

(1) in subsection (a)(1)--

(A) at the end of subparagraph (A) (flush to that

subparagraph), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a

comma and the following:

``by any person, or with respect to any property, subject to the

jurisdiction of the United States;'';

(B) in subparagraph (B)--

(i) by inserting ``, block during the pendency

of an investigation'' after ``investigate''; and

(ii) by striking ``interest;'' and inserting

``interest by any person, or with respect to any

property, subject to the jurisdiction of the

United States; and'';

(C) by striking ``by any person, or with respect to

any property, subject to the jurisdiction of the United

States`; and

(D) by inserting at the end the following:

``(C) when the United States is engaged in armed

hostilities or has been attacked by a foreign country or

foreign nationals, confiscate any property, subject to

the jurisdiction of the United States, of any foreign

person, foreign organization, or foreign country that he

determines has planned, authorized, aided, or engaged in

such hostilities or attacks against the United States;

and all right, title, and interest in any property so

confiscated shall vest, when, as, and upon the terms

directed by the President, in such agency or person as

the President may designate from time to time, and upon

such terms and conditions as the President may

prescribe, such interest or property shall be held,

used, administered, liquidated, sold, or otherwise dealt

with in the interest of and for the benefit of the

United States, and such designated agency or person may

perform any and all acts incident to the accomplishment

or furtherance of these purposes.''; and

(2) by inserting at the end the following:
``(c) Classified Information.--In any judicial review of a

determination made under this section, if the determination was based on

classified information (as defined in section 1(a) of the Classified

Information Procedures Act) such information may be submitted to the

reviewing court ex parte and in camera. This subsection does not confer

or imply any right to judicial review.''.
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