The United States Bill of Rights please keep this document – you will use it again later in the semester! Directions



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The United States Bill of Rights
PLEASE KEEP THIS DOCUMENT – YOU WILL USE IT AGAIN LATER IN THE SEMESTER!
Directions: Compare and contrast the Bill of Rights with the Magna Carta. Using your Magna Carta “Jigsaw” notes and this primary source document, you will create a Venn diagram that compares and contrasts the two documents. Draw your Venn diagram on the back of this sheet or a separate piece of paper. You need to write the clause numbers and bill of rights numbers with a one-sentence summary of what is written in the document.
Bill of Rights – These are the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution

Amendment I - Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof (Government doesn’t interfere with religion); or abridging (deny) the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances (complaints about government).

Amendment II - A well-regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, is the right of the people to keep and bear arms, and shall not be infringed.

Amendment III - No soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered (stay) in any house, without the consent (okay) of the owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.

Amendment IV- The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized (personal property can’t be searched without a warrant – probable cause needed for warrant)

Amendment V - No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service in time of war or public danger (can’t be jailed without charges filed against you); nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself (don’t have to speak/testify against yourself) nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law (can’t have something taken away without a legal trial); nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation (money).

Amendment VI - In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the state and district wherein the crime shall have been committed (trial by jury), which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him(defendant must be told of all evidence and witnesses against him/her); to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of counsel for his defense (right to an attorney).

Amendment VII - In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved (right to civil trial by jury), and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise reexamined in any court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law (right to appeal)

Amendment VIII - Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.

Amendment IX - The enumeration (items listed) in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed (allowed) to deny or disparage (ridicule) others retained by the people.

Amendment X - The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people (people/states rule on things not covered)



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