The topic of the essay is revenge as a motivator. In the stories of Medea and Othello there were a lot of conflicts in which revenge motivated terrible things in the plots of their stories



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The topic of the essay is revenge as a motivator. In the stories of Medea and Othello there were a lot of conflicts in which revenge motivated terrible things in the plots of their stories. In the story of Medea by Euripides, a desire for revenge and a determination to redress a moral wrong are both used in a way which conflicts with moral duty. It is in this way that Euripides creates a protagonist (good guy) in which a maniacal, almost evil aura can be seen. The actions of the antagonist (bad guy), Jason, drive Medea to a truly gruesome acts of revenge, thus making this play the tragedy that it is. Some of the conflicts in the stories of Medea by Euripides would be as following: Medea vs. Jason, Medea vs. The royal family (Creon and Glauce) and Jason vs. Medea. In the tragedy of Othello by William Shakespeare, there were also types of revenge that motivated murder and the death of incident lives. In this play you have to wonder why Othello doesn’t just ask Desdemona if she is having an affair with Cassio. There are many reasons why? Maybe he doesn’t think he will get a straight answer. But Othello plays a very brave man that leads thousands in to battle. Therefore we think he should not doubt himself or his feelings. (A lot of times strong men are very weak and have many flaws. They portray themselves as strong confident souls when actually they are weak and very much afraid.) There could also be the fact that Iago is doing his mind games so sublimely that Othello is not sure what to think. Therefore being so unsure of his feelings and reality he doesn’t want to look like a fool to his new bride or the fact that there isn’t anything wrong with a mixed relationship. Even though the two tragedies happened in different time periods they still had there share of similarities. Both stories have betrayal and distrust of the spouses and no loyalty in the marriages of the two couples. Revenge motivated death, murder, betrayal and distrust.

The relationships of Medea vs. Jason and Othello vs. Cassio were in ways the same when it comes to the topic of betrayal and distrust. First of all, Medea is wanting revenge because Jason left her for that younger and prettier (slut) Glauce, the princess. Because she did so much for him in the past(“that the pine trees had never been felled in the glens of Mount Pelion and furnished oars for the hands of the heroes who at Pelias' command set forth in quest of the Golden Fleece! For then my lady Medea would not have sailed to the towers of Iolcus, her heart smitten with love for Jason, or persuaded the daughters of Pelias to kill their father and hence now be inhabiting this land of Corinth, separated from her loved ones and country. At first, to be sure, she had, even in Corinth, a good life with her husband and children, an exile loved by the citizens to whose land she had come, and lending to Jason himself all her support. This it is that most rescues life from trouble, when a woman is not at variance with her husband.” She really loved him but he didn’t think much of her.) she was shocked and depressed and was furious. With all of this angrier inside of her of course she would want revenge. She decides to take things into her hands. This in the end leads to the gruesome deaths of the royal family and the fruits of his berries, his children. This is the first act of revenge as a motivation to being a killer/murder. In this Medea was detremened to kill

The relationship of Othello and Cassio was in some way the same. Othello is wants to get back at Cassio because Iago told him that Desdemona is having an affair with him. By hearing of this he wants to kill Cassio and destroy his wife. This is just the causes of he-said- she-said. And it’s sad that Othello can’t even go up to his wife and ask her about the suppose “affair”. Othello is this gullible person that has almost no backbone and really needs to grow some “cohones”. Even though he is this grand personal in the military he needs for face up to his fears. But because he didn’t, an incident man was almost killed and others were killed. Cassio is this nice, easy going person that tends to follow orders from his higher personal. But because of a twisted plotted fate he was discharged from his position the military. Othello was motivated out of revenge to be a killer/murder as well. His desire was to get Cassio then following his new bride.

In both relationships the spouses were betrayed by the other and dishonesty spread though their lives. Othello thinks that Desdemona has betrayed him with Cassio because of Iago and Medea knows that Jason has betrayed her to her face by wanting to marry the princess.



The relationships of Iago vs. Cassio and Medea vs. The royal family (Creon and Glauce) have what I think some similarities. The effect of the acts of revenge and reveals the plots of some killers/murders of the two stories .The relationship of Iago toward Cassio is the envious fact that Cassio got promoted and not him. So he wanted to get back at him. Wanted him out of the picture, so be doing so he befriended Othello and told him lies. He used Othello to his advantage for he knew Othello was this gullible powerful man. Even though he hated Othello with all his might, he knew that this was the only way to get Cassio out of the picture. Iago counsels Roderigo that he should cast Cassio into disgrace by starting a fight with Cassio at the evening’s revels. In a soliloquy, Iago explains to the audience that eliminating Cassio is the first crucial step in his plan to ruining Othello. That night, Iago gets Cassio drunk and then sends Roderigo to start a fight with him. Apparently provoked by Roderigo, Cassio chases Roderigo across the stage. Governor Montano attempts to hold Cassio down, and Cassio stabs him. This was the first step in his plot towards Cassio. But the second time Iago instructs Roderigo to ambush Cassio, but Roderigo misses his mark and Cassio wounds him instead. Iago wounds Cassio and runs away. When Othello hears Cassio’s cry, he assumes that Iago has killed Cassio as he said he would. Lodovico and Graziano enter to see what the commotion was about. Iago enters shortly thereafter and flies into a pretend rage as he “discovers” Cassio’s assailant Roderigo, whom he murders later on. Cassio is taken to have his wound addressed. As you see incident lives die or almost die by the killer/murder who was motivated by revenge.

  Medea vs. The royal family: The royal family consisted of the King of Creon and his daughter the princess, Glauce. Revenge in this case motivated the murders of first, the princess Glauce and then of the death her father. Medea hated the fact that her husband has decided to leave her. And she was having beef with the princess already because she didn’t like her children and the father wanted her out of the kingdom (or wanted to banish her). But honesty I like the way she killed her enemies. “For her color changed and with legs trembling she staggered back sidelong, and by falling on the chair barely escaped collapsing on the floor. And one old woman among the servants, thinking, I suppose, that a frenzy from Pan or one of the other gods had come upon her, raised a festal shout to the god, until she saw the white foam coming between her lips and her eyes starting out of their sockets and her skin all pale and bloodless. Then indeed she raised a wail in answer to her former shout. And at once one servant went to her father's house, another to her new husband to tell of the bride's misfortune: the whole house rang with the sound of drumming footsteps. And by now a sprinter, putting his legs in swift motion, would be reaching the finish-line of the two-hundred-yard course, when the poor woman wakened from her silence, opened her eyes, and gave forth a terrible groan. For she was being attacked with a double pain. The golden circlet about her head shot forth a terrible stream of consuming fire, and the fine-spun gown, gift of your sons, was eating into the wretched girl's white flesh. And all aflame she leapt from the chair and fled, tossing her hair this way and that, trying to shake off the diadem. But the gold crown held its fastenings firmly, and when she shook her hair, the fire only blazed up twice as high. She fell to the floor, overwhelmed by disaster, barely recognizable to any but her father. Her eyes no longer kept their wonted form nor did her shapely face, and from the top of her head blood dripped, mingled with fire, and her flesh dropped from her bones like resin from a pine-torch, torn by the unseen jaws of the poison, a dreadful sight to behold. And we were all afraid to touch the corpse, taught well by the event we had seen. But her poor father, ignorant of the calamity, stumbled upon her body unprepared as he entered the chamber. And at once he groaned aloud and throwing his arms about her kissed her and said, ‘O unhappy child, which of the gods has destroyed you so shamefully and has bereft me of you, me, an old man at death's door? Oh, may I die with you, my child!’ But when he had ceased from his wailing and lamenting and wished to raise up his aged body to his feet, he stuck fast to the fine-spun dress, as ivy clings to laurel-shoots, and a terrible wrestling ensued. For he wanted to rise to his knees, but she held him fast and prevented him. And if he used force, he would rip his aged flesh from his bones. Finally the poor man gave up and breathed his last, for he could not overcome the calamity. They lie dead, the daughter and her old father (nearby, a disaster that calls for tears)”.

HA! Revenge can be a sweet feeling for the beholder with the true hatred within them of course and with this terrible act Medea continued to be a killer and a murder. With killing her enemies she also killed her two boys. In the end incident persons died or got near death in the two stories.

Finally, the conflicts of Iago vs. Othello. The relationship of Iago vs. Othello was dishonesty, betrayal, hatred and murder. Iago hated Othello but as the old cliches goes “Keep your friends close, but your enemies closer” [Sun Tzu (400 B.C.), author of On the Art of War].

It was Iago’s talent for understanding and manipulating the desires of those around him that makes him both a powerful and a compelling figure. For example, how he was able to take the handkerchief from Emilia and know that he can deflect her questions and how he is able to tell Othello of the handkerchief and know that Othello will not doubt him. For he knew that Othello trusted him. Iago is in full control of the situation. By the effects of revenge, it motivated Othello to kill his wife and plan the plot to kill his good friend, Cassio. Revenge was the motivation, for Iago was the one who put the whole plan or plot in action and single handedly was the cause of all of the problems in the play. He caused murdered and the death and he enjoyed it all. Othello was basically the puppet of Iago.



I n conclusion, the topic of the essay is revenge as a motivator. In the stories of Medea and Othello there were a lot of conflicts in which revenge motivated terrible things in the plots of their stories. Revenge motivated death, murder and betrayal. Both stories have betrayal and distrust of the spouses and no loyalty in the marriages of the two couples. The conflicts consisted of Medea vs. Jason, Medea vs. The royal family (Creon and Glauce) , Jason vs. Medea, Othello vs. Cassio, Iago vs. Cassio and Iago vs. Othello. In each conflict there is distrust, betrayal and dishonestly. The results of all these terrible acts were the deaths of many incident people. In which they died on vain.


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