|SOL NOTES/ UNIT STUDY GUIDE
The Great War/World War I
The student will demonstrate knowledge of the worldwide impact of World War I by
a) explaining economic and political causes, major events, and identifying major leaders of the war, with emphasis on Woodrow Wilson and Kaiser Wilhelm II;
b) explaining the outcomes and global effect of the war and the Treaty of Versailles.
c) citing causes and consequences of the Russian Revolution.
What were the factors that produced World War I?
What were the major events of the war?
Who were the major leaders?
What were the outcomes and global effects of World War I?
What were the terms of the Treaty of Versailles?
Why did Russia erupt in revolution while fighting in World War I?
How did communism rise in Russia?
World War I (1914-1918) was caused by competition among industrial nations in Europe and a failure of diplomacy. The war transformed European and American life, wrecked the economies of Europe, and planted the seeds for a second world war.
Tsarist Russia entered World War I as an absolute monarchy with sharp class divisions between the nobility and peasants. The grievances of workers and peasants were not resolved by the Tsar. Inadequate administration in World War I led to revolution and an unsuccessful provisional government. A second revolution by the Bolsheviks created the communist state that ultimately became the U.S.S.R.
Notes World War I
Causes of World War I
Alliances that divided Europe into competing camps
Competition over colonies
Assassination of Austria’s Archduke Ferdinand
United States enters war
Russia leaves the war
Outcomes and global effects
Colonies’ participation in the war, which increased demands for independence
End of the Russian Imperial, Ottoman, German, and Austro-Hungarian empires
Enormous cost of the war in lives, property, and social disruption
Treaty of Versailles
Forced Germany to accept guilt for war and loss of territory and pay reparations
Limited the German military
Causes of 1917 revolutions
Defeat in war with Japan in 1905
Incompetence of Tsar Nicholas II
Military defeats and high casualties in World War I
Rise of communism
Bolshevik Revolution and civil war
Vladimir Lenin’s New Economic Policy
Lenin’s successor—Joseph Stalin