|SOL NOTES/ UNIT STUDY GUIDE
The Cold War
The student will demonstrate knowledge of major events and outcomes of the Cold War by
explaining key events of the Cold War, including the competition between the American and Soviet economic and political systems and the causes of the collapse of Communism in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe;
assessing the impact of nuclear power on patterns of conflict and cooperation since 1945.
describing conflicts and revolutionary movements in eastern Asia, including those in China and Vietnam, and their major leaders, i.e. Mao Tse-tung (Zedong), Chiang Kai-shek, and Ho Chi Minh.
What events led to the Cold War?
What was the impact of nuclear weapons?
What were the causes and consequences of the collapse of the Soviet Union?
How did the Cold War influence conflicts in Eastern Asia after World War II?
What was the policy of containment?
Competition between the United States and the U.S.S.R. laid the foundation for the Cold War.
The Cold War influenced the policies of the United States and the U.S.S.R. towards other nations and conflicts around the world.
The presence of nuclear weapons influenced patterns of conflict and cooperation since 1945.
Communism failed as an economic system in the Soviet Union and elsewhere.
Japanese occupation of European colonies in Asia heightened demands for independence after World War II.
After World War II, the United States pursued a policy of containment against communism. This policy included the development of regional alliances against Soviet and Chinese aggression. The Cold War led to armed conflict in Korea and Vietnam.
Notes The Cold War
Beginning of the Cold War (1945-1948)
The Yalta Conference and the Soviet control of Eastern Europe
Rivalry between the United States and the U.S.S.R.
Democracy and the free enterprise system v. dictatorship and communism
President Truman and the Policy of Containment
Eastern Europe—Soviet satellite nations; the Iron Curtain
Characteristics of the Cold War (1948-1989)
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) v. the Warsaw Pact
Berlin and significance of Berlin Wall
Cuban Missile Crisis
Nuclear weapons and the theory of deterrence
Collapse of Communism in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe (1989-)
Soviet economic collapse
Nationalism in Warsaw Pact countries
Tearing down of Berlin Wall
Breakup of U.S.S.R.
Expansion of NATO
Terms to know
Containment: Policy for preventing the expansion of communism
Conflicts and revolutionary movements in China
Division of China into two nations at the end of the Chinese civil war
Chiang Kai-shek (Jiang Jieshi)—Nationalist China (island of Taiwan)
Mao Tse-tung (Mao Zedong)—Communist China (mainland China)
Continuing conflict between the two Chinas
Communist China’s participation in Korean Conflict
Conflicts and revolutionary movements in Vietnam
Role of French Imperialism
Leadership of Ho Chi Minh
Vietnam as a divided nation
Influence of policy of containment
The United States and the Vietnam War
Vietnam as a reunited communist country today
Regional setting for the Indian independence movement
Pakistan (former West Pakistan)
Bangladesh (former East Pakistan)
Sri Lanka (former Ceylon)
Evolution of the Indian independence movement
British rule in India
Leadership of Mohandas Ghandi
Role of civil disobedience and passive resistance
Political division along Hindu-Muslim lines, Pakistan/India