The student will demonstrate knowledge of major events and outcomes of the Cold War by



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SOL NOTES/ UNIT STUDY GUIDE
The Cold War
STANDARD WHII.12


The student will demonstrate knowledge of major events and outcomes of the Cold War by


  1. explaining key events of the Cold War, including the competition between the American and Soviet economic and political systems and the causes of the collapse of Communism in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe;

  2. assessing the impact of nuclear power on patterns of conflict and cooperation since 1945.

  3. describing conflicts and revolutionary movements in eastern Asia, including those in China and Vietnam, and their major leaders, i.e. Mao Tse-tung (Zedong), Chiang Kai-shek, and Ho Chi Minh.


Essential Questions

  1. What events led to the Cold War?

  2. What was the impact of nuclear weapons?

  3. What were the causes and consequences of the collapse of the Soviet Union?

  4. How did the Cold War influence conflicts in Eastern Asia after World War II?

  5. What was the policy of containment?


Key Ideas

Competition between the United States and the U.S.S.R. laid the foundation for the Cold War.

The Cold War influenced the policies of the United States and the U.S.S.R. towards other nations and conflicts around the world.

The presence of nuclear weapons influenced patterns of conflict and cooperation since 1945.

Communism failed as an economic system in the Soviet Union and elsewhere.

Japanese occupation of European colonies in Asia heightened demands for independence after World War II.

After World War II, the United States pursued a policy of containment against communism. This policy included the development of regional alliances against Soviet and Chinese aggression. The Cold War led to armed conflict in Korea and Vietnam.
Notes The Cold War

Beginning of the Cold War (1945-1948)

The Yalta Conference and the Soviet control of Eastern Europe

Rivalry between the United States and the U.S.S.R.

Democracy and the free enterprise system v. dictatorship and communism

President Truman and the Policy of Containment

Eastern Europe—Soviet satellite nations; the Iron Curtain



Characteristics of the Cold War (1948-1989)

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) v. the Warsaw Pact

Korean Conflict

Vietnam War

Berlin and significance of Berlin Wall

Cuban Missile Crisis

Nuclear weapons and the theory of deterrence
Collapse of Communism in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe (1989-)

Soviet economic collapse

Nationalism in Warsaw Pact countries

Tearing down of Berlin Wall

Breakup of U.S.S.R.

Expansion of NATO


Terms to know

Containment: Policy for preventing the expansion of communism


Conflicts and revolutionary movements in China

Division of China into two nations at the end of the Chinese civil war

Chiang Kai-shek (Jiang Jieshi)—Nationalist China (island of Taiwan)

Mao Tse-tung (Mao Zedong)—Communist China (mainland China)

Continuing conflict between the two Chinas

Communist China’s participation in Korean Conflict


Conflicts and revolutionary movements in Vietnam

Role of French Imperialism

Leadership of Ho Chi Minh

Vietnam as a divided nation

Influence of policy of containment

The United States and the Vietnam War

Vietnam as a reunited communist country today
Regional setting for the Indian independence movement

Indian sub-continent

British India

India


Pakistan (former West Pakistan)

Bangladesh (former East Pakistan)

Sri Lanka (former Ceylon)
Evolution of the Indian independence movement

British rule in India

Leadership of Mohandas Ghandi

Role of civil disobedience and passive resistance



Political division along Hindu-Muslim lines, Pakistan/India


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