Lower (2) Upper (2) Cataract
Egypt was initially divided into two sections: ____________ Egypt and _____________ Egypt. __________ Egypt stretched from the first ___________ or waterfall to within 100 miles of the Mediterranean. ______________ Egypt covered the delta region where the Nile empties into the Mediterranean.
Khufu Menes Giza
About 3100 B.C., ____________ united Upper and Lower Egypt. 500 years later, around 2600 B.C., ___________ worked on the construction of the Great Pyramid at _________, which still stands today.
Pyramid Pharaohs Hyksos Hatshepsut 100 Hittites
Vizier Ramses II 150
Ancient Egypt is divided into three periods. The Old Kingdom had a variety of different
_______________ or Egyptian rulers. They received aid from their top advisor, also known as _______________. The Old Kingdom is also called the ______________ Age. During the Middle Kingdom, the Egyptians faced hardships as the Nile ran dry at points and corruption and rebellions became common. Around 1700 B.C., a group called the _______________ invaded and conquered Egypt using their horse-drawn chariots to invoke fear. They ruled Egypt for about ___________ years before being driven out. The New Kingdom saw with it two famous pharaohs emerge. _____________ was the first woman pharaoh of Egypt. _____________ was a military genius and successfully ruled Egypt until his death at the age of about 85 years old. He fought a war with the __________________. He wanted to assure his dynasty would last and some estimate that he had _________ children.
Heart Isis Osiris Devourer of the Dead (Ammit)
Religion was an important aspect to the life of Egyptians. The tale of ___________, or the god of the dead and Nile, is told to children. He was allegedly killed by his brother Set, cut up, and spread throughout Egypt. _________, his wife, put him back together. Osiris had to judge the souls as well. To do this, he performed a test. If a person’s ___________ was equal to the weight of the Feather of Truth, he/she would have eternal life. Essentially, if a person led a good life, he/she would have eternal life. If he/she had sinned and the heart outweighed the feather, he/she would be fed to the_________________________________.
7 Salt Internal Organs Brain Mummification Lotions/ Oils
In order to preserve the bodies of Egyptians, the ________________ process was performed. This is a _______ step process. The first is the Announcing of the Dead. The second is the Embalming of the body. The third is the removal of the _________________. The fourth is the removal of ________________________. Fifth was the spreading of __________ that would soak up excessive fluid. Sixth was the wrapping of the person. ______________ would be spread on the person prior to wrapping. The seventh step was the procession of the dead. Different prayers were said throughout the service and the gods would then weigh his/her heart.
Akhenaton Polytheism Tutankhamen Nefertiti Valley of the Kings
9 Ay Horemheb 19 Half-Sister Howard Carter
Most of the pharaohs were buried in a region called the _________________________
________________ was the pharaoh who attempted to turn Egyptian people away from ____________________, the worship of many gods, to the worship of one god Aton. He was married to Queen ________________. It was King ________________ who changed the religion back to the traditional one. This boy-king ascended to the throne at the age of _________. He married his _________________ who was older than him. He would have two daughters and no sons during his reign, which ended at the age of __________. He did have two advisors who helped him along the way, _________ and _________________.Today, we know much about King Tut from the discovery of his tomb by _____________________. As his tomb was opened, many died inexplicably giving the myth of a ”mummy’s curse”. Muhahahaha…
Rosetta Stone Divorce Surgeries Medicine
Tale of Sinhue Calendar
Life in Egypt went on as normal. The life of the farmer was no better than a slave at times. The women, however, did have many more rights in this society. Women could go to court, inherit property, buy/ sell goods, enter business deals, and even obtain ________________. We know what we do about Egyptian society from translating ____________________, or Egyptian picture writing. The ___________________ discovered in the early 1800’s A.D. made translating them possible. We also know that the Egyptians made many contributions in the fields of medicine, mathematics, and astronomy. In the field of medicine, they performed ________________ and discovered new _________________, which help treat people. In mathematics, Egyptians gave society advances in ___________________, which they needed to construct the pyramids. In Astronomy, they created a 365-day __________________ as well as studying the stars and planets. In literature, the __________________________ tells the story of an official who is forced to leave, lives with the poor, and comes back as a hero. The ancient Egyptians were one of the most dominant civilizations up to this time period.
Exodus Moses Slaves Nomadic Farming
The _________________ was the fleeing of the Jews/ Hebrews from Egypt. They initially came to Egypt for _________________ along the Nile River. They were a ____________ people that moved from place to place. Unfortunately on their arrival to Egypt they became ____________, not farmers. Between the years 1300-1200 B.C. the Hebrews left Egypt being led ______________. Their influence changed the history of civilizations for years to come.