The settlement movement was a reformist social movement

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  • The settlement movement was a reformist social movement

  • Goal of getting the rich and poor in society to live more closely together in an interdependent community

  • Built these houses in poor urban areas

  • Began in Britain

  • After Attending college middle or upper class women used their educations to make a change. They took interest in these reform movements and began to help immigrants. (social work)

  • Objective: help immigrants to adjust to life in crowded American cities

    • Female reformers launched campaigns to address the many urban problems including terrible housing, exploitation in the workplace, lack of occupational safety, inadequate education opportunities and woeful health care

  • Mainly in large cities such as New York and Chicago because they had huge populations

  • Lillian Wald and Jane Addams founded settlement houses and used cultural and leisure activities to help immigrants not stress about life in America

  • PURPOSE: to ease their transformation from a foreign country to America and into the labor force by being taught by middle class American people

  • EXAMPLE: In Chicago, for instance, Hull-House helped to educate immigrants by providing classes in history, art, and literature. Hull-House also provided social services to reduce the effects of poverty, including a daycare center, homeless shelter, public kitchen, and public baths. Settlement houses like Hull-House were a nexus for political activism, with reformers like Jane Addams becoming involved in advocating social legislation to combat poverty in local, state, and national politics.

  • Many religious organizations, including the Roman Catholic Church, the YWCA, and the Women's Home Missionary Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church South, were responsible for establishing settlements

Important people:

  • Jane Addams

    • co-founded one of the first settlements in the United States, the Hull House in Chicago, Illinois, in 1889

    • The house provided services for the immigrant and poor population living in the Chicago area

    • Over the years, the organization grew to include more than 10 buildings and extended its services to include child care, educational courses, an art gallery, a public kitchen and several other social programs.

    • She was named a co-winner of the 1931 Nobel Peace Prize

    • In 1963, the construction of the University of Illinois' Chicago campus forced Hull House to move its headquarters, and, unfortunately, most of the organization's original buildings were demolished as a result.

    • However, the Hull residence was transformed into a monument honoring Addams that remains standing today

  • Lillian Wald

    • Another leader in the Settlement house movement

    • Henry Street Settlement

    • A champion of Human Rights

    • Wald spent time in poor people’s homes and then spoke out against malnutrition and poor living conditions

    • She believed that it was government’s responsibility to get rid of poverty

    • Wanted to create a more just society.

    • Her goal was to ensure that women and children, immigrants and the poor, and members of all ethnic and religious groups would realize America's promise of "life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness"

    • As a young nurse, Wald hoped to provide decent health care to residents of New York's Lower East Side tenements.

    • Wald became an influential leader in city, state, and national politics by defending the causes of public health nursing, housing reform, suffrage, world peace, and the rights of women, children, immigrants and working people.

    • Henry Street Settlement is still around


^Hull House

^Hull House

^Hull House

^Henry Street Settlement

^Jane Addams

^Bohemian immigrant youth at the Lessie Bates Davis Neighborhood House in 1918 in East St. Louis, Illinois

^Jane Addams

^Jane Addams

^Jane Addams

^Lillian D. Wald

Works Cited:
"Settlement Houses." Settlement Houses. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Oct. 2013.
"Jane Addams Biography." A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 8 Oct. 2013.
"Settlement Houses: Lillian Wald / Women 's Leadership in America History." Settlement Houses: Lillian Wald / Women 's Leadership in America History. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Oct. 2013.
"Women of Valor - Lillian Wald - Henry Street Settlement | Jewish Women's Archive."Women of Valor - Lillian Wald - Henry Street Settlement | Jewish Women's Archive. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Oct. 2013.

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