The Salem Witch Trials: Causation and Effect Jeremy Coffelt



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The Salem Witch Trials: Causation and Effect

Jeremy Coffelt


Maureen Humphrey-Shelton


LIBR 211

March 26, 2011

Works Cited

Aronson, Marc. Witch-Hunt: Mysteries of the Salem Witch Trials. New York: Atheneum Books for Young Readers, 2003. Print. This book delves into the mysterious, unsolved, and unexplainable aspects of the Salem Witch Trials. It is useful in showing the preposterous nature of the hysterical atmosphere surrounding the trials and the blatant oversight which the authorities used when analyzing the details of the accusations levied against the citizenship of Salem.

Breslaw, Elaine G.. "Tituba's Confession: The Multicultural Dimensions of the 1692 Salem Witch-Hunt." Ethnohistory 44.3 (1997): 535-556. JSTOR. Web. 26 Mar. 2011. This article attempts to make a connection between the accusations of Tituba and a perceived ethnic prejudice held by the Puritans. It actually rejects some previously held notions about the ethnicity of Tituba, but offers new evidence linking ethnic anxiety to the initiation and rise in the hysterical atmosphere in Salem.

Blumburg, Jess. "A Brief History of the Salem Witch Trials | History & Archaeology | Smithsonian Magazine." History, Travel, Arts, Science, People, Places | Smithsonian Magazine. N.p., 24 Oct. 2007. Web. 26 Mar. 2011. . This source provides a very good overview of the Salem Witch Trials, including causation, events, and the effects of the trials on Salem and the rest of New England. The author also provides analysis of the events from an objective, historical point-of-view.

Caporael, Linda R.. "Ergotism: The Satan Loosed in Salem?." Science 192.4234 (1976): 21-26. JSTOR. Web. 26 Mar. 2011. This article attempts to look into the root cause of the Salem Witch Trials, attributing the rise in hysteria to rye which was contaminated by ergot. This is an older source, but her assumptions and investigation into the theory of ergotism still hold to be accepted today.

Francis, Richard. Judge Sewall's Apology: The Salem Witch Trials and the Forming of a Conscience. London: Fourth Estate, 2005. Print. This book features an apology from one of the leading judicial authorities during the Salem Witch Trials. The most salient aspect of this book was the judiciary conscience which formed following the hysteria in Salem.

Roach, Marilynne K.. The Salem Witch Trials: A Day-by-Day Chronicle of a Community Under Siege. New York: Cooper Square Press :, 2002. Print. This resource provides a chronological in-depth analysis of the daily happenings in Salem during the trials. This resource provides a solid foundation for analysis because it follows the trials from the first accusations, to the apex of the hysteria, and, finally, the decline of the craze.

Rosenthal, Bernard, and Gretchen A. Adams. Records of the Salem witch-hunt . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009. Print. This is the first comprehensive publication of all the legal documents from the Salem Witch Trials of 1692. The documents found within provide invaluable insight to the rise in hysteria as the trials continued.



Zeller, Anne C. . "Arctic Hysteria in Salem?." Anthropologica 32.2 (1990): 239-264. JSTOR. Web. 26 Mar. 2011. This article offers yet a new medical perspective on the causation of the Witch Trials in Salem. The author attempts to prove that a condition known as pibloktoq, or Arctic Hysteria, which has a its root in the effect of a cold environment, an improper diet, and limited activity levels which were common for the Puritan lifestyle.


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