|The Role of International Council of Museums
for the Safeguarding of Intangible Heritage
Historical implications of ICOM
a) At the beginning, 1946
Since ICOM’s foundation, ICOM definition of museum included the “concept of intangible” such as folklore, ethnological and anthropological understanding, thanks to the French Museologist Georges Henri Rivière, who was the first Director of ICOM from 1948 to 1965.
b) First actions
ICOM Handbook of Standards - Documenting African Collections, 1996
In the framework of the AFRICOM Programme developed with CIDOC (International Committee of Documentation).
Objective: to protect the African Heritage by documenting and producing systematic inventories and developing museum activities (research, colleting, exhibitions, educational programmes) also as much as the intangible component is concerned.
ICOM-ASPAC (Regional Committee for Asia and Pacific) 7th Regional Assembly:
“Museum, Intangible Heritage and Globalisation”, China 2002: http://icom.museum/shanghai.html
The workshop was facilitated and organised as an integral part of the Asia Pacific Regional Assembly of ICOM, which took place from 20 - 25 October 2002 in Shanghai, China. For practical purposes it was understood that intangible heritage resources consist of voices, values, traditions, languages, oral history, folklife, creativity, adaptability and the distinctiveness of a people. These could be centred on a place or a collection or a group of people in a particular cultural heritage context. The workshop dealt with both tangible and intangible heritage resources in a holistic context and considered museums as key vehicles for documentation, preservation and promotion of these resources.
The following results were achieved:
Publication of the proceedings of the Workshop in English
Improved regional cooperation
Identification of lead-up activities and conceptual framework for ICOM 2004
Capacity building for participants in the protection of intangible cultural heritage and
Contribution to the International Convention on the Protection of Intangible Heritage of Humanity that has been mooted by UNESCO
The participants drew up a Charter for the protection of Intangible Heritage (Shanghai Charter: http://icom.museum/shanghai_charter.html) affirming the significance of creativity, adaptability and the distinctiveness of peoples, places and communities as the framework in which the voices, values, traditions, languages, oral history, folk life and so on are recognised and promoted in all museological and heritage practices and recommending actions for museums as facilitators of constructive partnerships in the safeguarding of this heritage of humanity.
We, the coalition of participants, at the 7th Asia Pacific Regional Assembly of the International Council of Museums convened between 20-24 October 2002 in Shanghai, affirming the significance of creativity, adaptability and the distinctiveness of peoples, places and communities as the framework in which the voices, values, traditions, languages, oral history, folk life and so on are recognised and promoted in all museological and heritage practices, recommend that museums as facilitators of constructive partnerships in the safeguarding of this heritage of humanity:
Affirm the rich cultural diversity of the Asia Pacific, including the concerns of race, ethnicity, colour, gender, age, class, faith, language, sexual orientation and regional identities
Establish interdisciplinary and cross sectorial approaches that bring together movable and immovable, tangible and intangible, natural and cultural heritage
Address the challenges and threats posed by globalisation and develop approaches to maximise on the opportunities provided by cultural, technological and economic globalisation
Develop documentation tools and standards in establishing holistic museum and heritage practices
Initiate pilot projects that demonstrate methodologies for making inventories of intangible heritage resources through community participation
Ensure efforts towards the conservation, presentation and interpretation of intangible heritage in an authentic manner that is consistent with the local character
Develop public programs and visitor management strategies that comply with the laws, conventions and regulations dealing with the conservation of heritage resources of significance, and respect for the rules and protocols of the community groups as custodians of intangible heritage
Encourage cross cultural understanding and meaningful exchanges for the promotion of peace and harmonious societies
Make use of all media formats such as print, audio visuals, film and video, digital and telecommunication technologies
Assess and address training needs and capacity building for integration of tangible and intangible heritage management
Offer inclusive interpretation in appropriate languages where possible employing local custodians of intangible heritage resources
Promote the active participation of public and private sectors to maximise the use of local expertise, resources and opportunities and diversify the resource base for the effective safeguarding of all heritage resources
Establish criteria and methodologies for the integration of tangible and intangible heritage in museums and other heritage institutions
Support UNESCO's efforts for the safeguarding and promotion of intangible heritage through its various programs and stress the importance of the inputs of professional bodies in the preparation of an international convention for safeguarding intangible cultural heritage.
Turning point : Seoul, 2004
ICOM 20th General Conference and 21st General Assembly in Seoul, Republic of Korea, in 2004 was dedicated to “Museums and Intangible Heritage”.
2004 Resolution no. 1: The Seoul Declaration of ICOM on Intangible Heritage: http://icom.museum/resolutions/eres04.html
Resolution no. 1
Considering the undeniable importance of intangible heritage and its role in the preservation of cultural diversity, the 21st General Assembly of ICOM, held in Seoul on 8 October 2004 ,
Endorses the 2003 UNESCO Convention on the Protection of Intangible Cultural Heritage;
Urges all governments to ratify this convention;
Encourages all countries, and especially developing countries where there is a strong oral tradition, to establish an Intangible Heritage Promotion Fund;
Invites all relevant museums involved in the collection, preservation and promotion of the intangible heritage to give particular attention to the conservation of all perishable records, notably electronic and documentary heritage resources;
Urges national and local authorities to adopt and effectively implement appropriate local laws and regulations for the protection of intangible heritage;
Recommends that museums give particular attention and resist any attempt to misuse intangible heritage resources and particularly their commercialisation without benefits to the primary custodians;
Urges regional Organisations, National Committees and other ICOM bodies to work closely with local agencies in the development and the implementation of such legal instruments and in the necessary training of staff responsible for effective implementation;
Recommends that all training programmes for museum professionals stress the importance of intangible heritage and include the understanding of intangible heritage as a requirement for qualification;
Recommends that the Executive Council, working with the International Committee for the Training of Personnel (ICTOP), introduce the necessary adjustments as soon as possible into the ICOM Curricula Guidelines for Museum Professional Development (1971, latest revision 1999);
Decides that this Resolution shall henceforth be known as the "Seoul Declaration of ICOM on the Intangible Heritage".
Practical actions, main actors
ICOM International Committees
The International Committees of ICOM play a fundamental role in promoting Intangible Heritage in museums, in particular:
ICME: International Committee for Museums and Collections of Ethnography: http://museumsnett.no/icme/icme2004/index.html
CIDOC: International Committee for Documentation: http://cidoc.mediahost.org/
ICTOP: International Committee for the Training of Personnel: http://ictop.alfahosting.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=50:guidelines-for-professional-development&catid=38:projects&Itemid=58
CECA: International Committee for Education and Cultural Action: http://ceca.icom.museum/
ICOFOM: International Committee for Museology: http://www.icofom.com.ar/index.htm
National Committees also published about Museums and Intangible Heritage: (Belgium, France, Mexico…)
b) Collaboration with UNESCO
Work and expertise for the “Third Proclamation of Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity”, in 2005.
Fujara Musical Instrument of Slovakia (+)
Bark cloth making in Uganda (+)
Lenka pottery of Honduras (-)
Role of ICOM:
Technical and scientific expertise (Documentation, videos, samples…)
Resource NGO on the jury for Proclamation: every ICOM recommendation was followed.
c) ICOM Programmes
ICOM has included the Intangible Heritage component in its programmes in particular in the Museums Emergency Programme (MEP) and its Teamwork for Integrated Emergency Management Course whose aim is to preserve the collections, their inventory, and their intangible heritage in emergency situations.
d) ICOM publications: http://icom.museum/biblio_intangible.html
Main ICOM Publications about Intangible Heritage:
d.1.) International Journal of Intangible Heritage: 3 volumes (2006, 2007 and 2008):
a refereed academic and professional journal dedicated to the promotion of understanding of all aspects of the intangible heritage in the world;
Creation of an new knowledge and irreducible bond between cultures across the world and consolidation of common values by researching, protecting and celebrating both differences and similarities that are the intangible treasure of humanity’s heritage
d.2.) ICOM News N°4, 2003 and N°4, 2004.
Other ICOM Publications:
ICOM-ASPAC. - Seventh Regional Assembly of the Asia Pacific Organisation. Museums, Intangible Heritage and Globalisation, Shanghai, China, 20-24 October 2002: Final report. – [Chungbuk, Korea] : ICOM-ASPAC, 2006. – [various pagings].
ICOM-ASPAC. – “Shanghai Charter”. – In: Seventh Regional Assembly of the Asia Pacific Organisation. Museums, Intangible Heritage and Globalisation, Shanghai, China, 20-24 October 2002 : Final report. – [Chungbuk, Korea] : ICOM-ASPAC, 2006. – [various pagings].
ICOM. COMITÉ NATIONAL BELGE (Wallonie-Bruxelles). - “Musées et patrimoine immatériel”. – In : La vie des musées, Bruxelles, Association francophone des musées de Belgique et ICOM Wallonie-Bruxelles, n° 18, 2004. – ISSN 0775-1532.
ICOM. COMITÉ NATIONAL FRANÇAIS. – “Dossier : Patrimoine matériel, patrimoine immatériel” [Assemblée générale, 2004]. – In : La lettre du Comité national français, Paris, ICOM-France, n° 29, 2005, p. 11-34. – ISSN 1639-9887.
ICOM. COMITÉ NACIONAL MEXICANO. - Memorias : Patrimonio intangible, resonancia de nuestras tradiciones / Silvia Singer Sochet, Ana Rosas Mantecón, Ana Hortensia Castro Muñoz (comp.). – México : ICOM-México, 2004. - 103 p.
ICOM. COMITÉ PERUANO. - Patrimonio inmaterial / Comité Peruano del Consejo Internacional de Museos ; Elisa Sarmiento Pastrana (ed.). – Lima : ICOM-Perú, 2004. – 53 p., ill.
ICOM INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE FOR DOCUMENTATION (CIDOC). CIDOC, Porto Alegre Conference, Brazil, 2002: Preserving Cultures: Documenting Non Material Heritage = Encontro do CIDOC, Porto Alegre, Brasil, 2002: Preservando culturas: Documentando o patrimônio imaterial.
ICOM INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE FOR DOCUMENTATION (CIDOC). - "Preserving cultures: documenting non-material heritage, Porto Alegre, Brazil, 17-20 September 2002" / Rosa Botterill, Richard Light, Leonard Will, Helen Ashby. - In : ICOM UK News, London, No. 63, Dec. 2002, p. 10-14, ill.
ICOM INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE FOR EDUCATION AND CULTURAL ACTION (CECA). - III Encontro Regional da América Latina e Caribe – CECA/ICOM: Museus e patrimônio intangível – O patrimônio intangível como veículo para a ação educacional e cultural, 4 a 6 de agosto de 2004 / ICOM-CECA. – [São Paulo] : Fundação Armando Álvares Penteado, [ca 2005]. - 208 p
ICOM INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE FOR EDUCATION AND CULTURAL ACTION (CECA). - 2004 ICOM/CECA Seoul Conference, October 2-8, 2004. – Seoul : Korean Committee of ICOM/CECA, Korean Association of Museum Education, 2004. - 204 p
ICOM INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE FOR MUSEOLOGY (ICOFOM). - Museology and the Intangible Heritage = Muséologie et le patrimoine immatériel = Museología y el patrimonio intangible = Museologie und das immaterielle Erbe: preprints, Munich, Germany and Brno, Czech Republic, November 26-December 5, 2000 / edited by Hildegard K. Vieregg ; co-editor : Ann Davis. - München : Museums-Pädagogisches Zentrum, 2000. - 143 p. - (ICOFOM Study Series - ISS ; 32). - ISBN 3-929862-67-0.
ICOM INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE FOR MUSEOLOGY (ICOFOM). - Museology and intangible heritage (II) / Hildegard K Vieregg.; Brigitte Sgoff ; Regina Schiller. – München : Museums-Pädagogisches Zentrum, 2004. - 148 p. - (ICOFOM Study Series ; 33 Supplement)
ICOM INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE FOR MUSEUMS OF ETHNOGRAPHY (ICME). – . ICME Papers 2004 : Museums and intangible heritage. [Electronic version only/Version électronique uniquement]
ICOM INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE FOR REGIONAL MUSEUMS (ICR). - Local development and intangible cultural heritage: the role of museums. – Seoul : ICOM International Committee for Regional Museums, 2004.
ICOM. KOREAN NATIONAL COMMITTEE & NATIONAL FOLK MUSEUM OF KOREA. – International Journal of Intangible Heritage / Patrick Boylan (ed. in chief). – Seoul : The National Folk Museum of Korea, 2006 →. – Vol. 1, 2006. – ISSN 1975-3586.
“A few thoughts on intangible heritage = Le patrimoine intangible : quelques pistes de réflexion”. – In : Bulletin ICOM Canada, Ottawa, n° 13, 2001. p. 2-14.
International Journal of Intangible Heritage, The National Folk Museum of Korea, Seoul, 2006, Vol. 1- ISSN: 1975-3586.
International Journal of Intangible Heritage, The National Folk Museum of Korea, Seoul, 2007, Vol. 2- ISSN: 1975-3586.
International Journal of Intangible Heritage, The National Folk Museum of Korea, Seoul, 2008, Vol. 3- ISSN: 1975-3586.
“Museums and intangible heritage”. – In : ICOM News, Paris, Vol. 56, No. 4, 2003, p. 3-8, ill. “Museums and intangible heritage, 20th ICOM General Conference, Seoul, Republic of Korea”. – Special issue of ICOM News, Paris, Vol. 57, No. 4, 2004, 24 p., ill. – ISSN 0020-6418.
BERGERON, Yves. - "Intangible heritage at the Musée de la civilisation of Quebec". - In : ICOM News, Paris, Vol. 56, No. 4, 2003, p. 8.
FONSECA, Maria Cecilia Londres da. - "Intangible cultural heritage and museum exhibitions". - In : ICOM UK News, London, No. 63, Dec. 2002, p. 8-9, ill.
GALLA, Amareswar. - "Frequently asked questions about intangible heritage". - In : ICOM News, Paris, Vol. 56, No. 4, 2003, p. 4.
PINNA, Giovanni. - "Intangible Heritage and Museums". - In : ICOM News, Paris, Vol. 56, No. 4, 2003, p. 3.
ROSAS MANTECÓN, Ana. - "Patrimonio intangible y los museos en México". - In : Boletín ICOM-México, México, Comité Mexicano, Verano 2004, p. 8-9.
e) International Museum Day
2004 International Museum Day’s theme was: “Museum and Intangible Heritage”
Museums actions: http://icom.museum/imd2004_act.html
The directive board of Huambo's Regional Museum, launched a campaign to collect museum art pieces, aiming at recovering all cultural artefacts illegally in possession of of citizens. The museum director, Venceslau Kassessa, said that the campaign is part of the celebrations of the Museums International Day, marked on 18 May.
Dia Internacional de los Museos 2004 "Museos y Patrimonio Inmaterial" Martes 18 de mayo Sede: Archivo y Museo Historicos del Banco de la Provincia de Buenos Aires "Dr. Arturo Jauretche" - Sarmiento 362, Cap.Fed.
Inscripcion libre y gratuita Informes: 4342-6758/0651
Museo y Archivo Histórico de Guatraché ( La Pampa - Argentina)
Con motivo del aniversario de la localidad se inauguró el día 19 de Abril próximo pasado la muestra "Fuentes de Nuestra Historia". La misma se organizó con la participación de los alumnos de 8 º año de la Unidad Educativa N º 21. El cierre de la muestra se efectuó el día 18 de Mayo en correspondencia con el "Día Internacional de los Museos". Algunos alumnos Han presentado sus investigaciones sobre costumbres locales; elaboradas a partir de entrevistas realizadas a antiguos pobladores. Las mismas en su mayoría han apuntado a rescatar las tradiciones orales sobre la " Luz Mala". Dicha leyenda, tiene una gran expansión en La Pampa. Entre personas mayores, habitantes de zonas rurales, existe la creencia sobre la aparición de la luz conformando múltiples relatos. Dicha exposición tuvo por objetivo recuperar el patrimonio intangible.
As part of International Museum's Day, Gaye Nayton (Archaeologist and Heritage Officer Town of Claremont) has been available to demonstrate the use of a metal detector and show how to survey ground near the Museum in Mrs Herberts Park and along the foreshore between Museum and Chester Road. Contact: Museums Australia (WA) Phone: (08) 9427 2770 Email: email@example.com
A scholastic-practical conference entitled "Library Science in 21 century and Issues of Library Studies" devoted to the International Museum Day has been held at the Azerbaijan National Museum of Arts.
To mark the prestigious event themed 'Museums and Intangible Heritage,' the Brunei Museums Department launched a book entitled 'A Guide to the Herbs, Small Shrubs and Climbing Plants of Tasek Merimbun Heritage Park, Tutong, Brunei Darussalam.' It showcased the correlation of this year's theme between our natural surroundings with traditional medicines. Established in 1965, the Brunei Museums Department was temporarily located at the former Dewan Bandaran in the capital, and was later moved to Kota Batu.
In Botswana planned activities included a float comprising horse riders and drum majorettes to publicise the day's proceedings. There was also a presentation of poetry, mmino wa dikhwaere and ditlhaka. There were presentations revolving around the theme in the Little Theatre. The discussions were expected to excite the interest of people from different fields such as historians as well as lecturers and students of archaeology, anthropology, natural history, theology and education.
Canadian Museums Association : www.museums.ca
Ontario Museums Association : www.museumsontario.com
International Forum of Museum Directors, on the occasion of the International Museum Day, in cooperation with the Chinese Society of Museums and the Chinese Association of Museums of Natural Sciences.
Theme: Global concept of heritage and new approaches to today's museums.
La celebración del Mes del Museo en Colombia, liderada por el Comité colombiano del Consejo Internacional de Museos, ICOM, ha constado de tres grandes actividades: cuatro coloquios en Bogotá, actividades culturales en distintos museos del país, y la presentación de la Lista Roja en Neiva y en Cali.
Lunes 3 Mayo: Museos y Patrimonio Material e Inmaterial. Retos y Perspectivas
Lunes 10 Mayo: Museología y Educación
Lunes 17 Mayo: Conservación y divulgación del patrimonio Inmaterial
Lunes 31 May : El museo y sus públicos
Auditorio Oriol Rangel del Centro Cultural Planetario de Bogota. Calle 26 # 6-07 Contacts : Museo De Bogota. Tel. +57 (0)1 3344548 - ICOM Colombia Tel. +57 (0)1 34326667/68/69 - Red Nacional De Museos Ministerio De Cultura. Tel. +57 (0)1 3348366 Ex 308
Museum of the City of Zagreb : "Clothing - a social status!?"
The celebration of International Museum Day, May 18 2004, involved 80 Croatian museums and galleries, which put on more than 200 different events, some 50 of which were devoted to the theme of this year's celebration - the non-material heritage.
As central museum institution in Croatia, the Museum Documentation Centre. on this occasion spurred the organisation of various events.
In the illustration of this year's topic, in most of the projects put on the museums presented various examples of the non-material heritage (the Croatian law of 1999 provides for the protection of non-material assets). Among them three exceptionally valuable non-material assets stand out: the pentatonic scale of Istria, the lace of the island of Pag, and the Legend of Picoks from Ðurdevac. On the poster of this year, designed by the renowned Croatian designer Boris Ljubicic, the symbol of one more important item of the non-material assets of the Croatian heritage was presented - the Sinj Alka, a jousting tournament that has been put on ever since 1715. Museums also displayed various ways in which the non-material heritage was preserved. Additionally, two dialect dictionaries were published, as well as one gallery guide in a local dialect and a CD of writings on the local heritage. As well as the ethnographic and archaeological heritage, civic or town culture was presented by the reprint of the regulations and statutes of civic associations of the 19th century, the social status of citizens of the 19th and 20th centuries was introduced, the musical culture of the 1950s, and a campaign was initiated to collect material concerning the life and culture of Lovar Romany.
The Croatian National Committee of ICOM (HNK ICOM) organised a lecture by Lidija Nikocevic (member of the executive committee, ICME of ICOM) entitled: The Non-Material Heritage and the Opportunities that Exist for its Museological Interpretation and Presentation Using the Example of Ethnographic Museums, while Davor Fulanovic, member of the executive committee HNK ICOM) took part in a regional conference by the Macedonian National Committee of ICOM (Mavrovo, FYR Macedonia) dedicated to the topics Museums and the Non-Material Heritage and Ethics and Museums with a lecture entitled Ethics in Use / Demonstration of Authentic Exhibits from Childhood to Maturity.
• Curaçao and Netherlands Antilles
Several radio-programmes and a political forum on the issue of Museums and Intangible Cultural Heritage, with one of the main topics, our musical heritage.
• Czech Republic
National Museum (Prague): many activities have been organised, ancient puppet show, interactive programmes for children, concerts, guided tours.
• Dominican Republic
18 May 2004 - Two Conferences:
"Santos de Palos en el Arte Sacro: Catalogación de Bienes Muebles para la preservación de la Identidad", la cual ha tenido como Conferencista al Señor Sergio Barbieri, Conservador de la Ciudad de Córdoba, Argentina.
"Cementerios Patrimoniales", a cargo de la Arq. Catalina Velásquez, Presidenta de la Red Iberoamericana de Cementerios Patrimoniales, de Colombia, en el Museo del Hombre Dominicano a las 6:00 PM.
An exhibition "Les musées parisiens, du Cabinet de curiosités au Musée virtuel" has been created by the "Action Artistique de la Ville de Paris" with the support of the French ICOM Committee.
The 18th of May for the International Museums Day a full day symposium has been organised in this exhibition.
"Les musées parisiens, du Cabinet de curiosités au Musée virtuel". 8 April-11 June. Musée Pasteur, 25 rue du Docteur Roux 75015 Paris.
• Hong Kong
Museum Exhibition 15-16.5.2004 Piazza and Special Exhibition Hall of the Hong Kong Science Museum, Tsim Sha Tsui
Clean-up and rehabilitation/painting of mural and mosaic at historic Ainsworth Bridge at the base of Museum Hill. The mural/mosaic motifs represent various aspects of Africa's intangible heritage. The cleaned and painted bridged has been inaugurated on 11 May 2004 by the Minister for Culture, Hon. Najib Balala. This activity received technical support from the National Museum of Kenya (NMK) and ICOM (K), and financial support from AFRICOM and sponsors in the private sector.
15th May 2004 - Screening of NMK produced documentary films on various ceremonies, etc. that reflect Kenya's intangible heritage were presented in the Nairobi Museum auditorium, and simultaneously in six of Kenya's regional museums. There were also traditional foods for sale and live traditional entertainment. The Kenya Cultural Centre agreed to sponsor one of the musical groups on the day.
Open days, exhibitions, sports events and seminars were planned between May 18 and 22 as part of the celebration.
ICOM Malta organised a seminar with presentations relating to the Maltese Intangible Heritage and, to commemorate Malta's accession to the EU, with presentations on working in European museums.
The speakers were as follows :
'"The National Memory Project" Mr Charles Farrugia, Head - National Archives, Rabat
"Working in an Historic House in England" Marquis de Piro, Casa Rocca Piccola
"The Museum of the Maltese Language" Mr Kenneth Gambin, Curator - Ethnography, Heritage Malta
"The Mediterranean Voices Project : Intangible heritage in an urban context" Ms Rachel Radmilli, Anthropologist, University of Malta
"Istituto e Museo di Storia della Scienza - Firenze: making a collection accessible to all" Mr Martin Spiteri, Manager Projects, Heritage Malta
The seminar was held on Saturday 22 May at 10.30 am at Heritage Malta, Old University Building, Merchants Street, Valletta.
The Mongolian National Committee published "News ICOM", a brochure distributed to all mongolian museums which included an article by D.Tsedmaa entitled "Mongolian Intangible Heritage is waiting promotion".
The Theatre Museum organised a meeting for foreign students of mongolian language and showed the first mongolian opera called "Three characters".
The Museum of Fine Arts showed the public the technique of making the traditional felt carpet.
Oshogbo National Museum organised a series of competitions among students from college of technology Esa Oke, The Polytechnic Iree, Osun State College of Education, Ilesa, Obafemi Awolowo University Ile-Ife and Federal Polytechnic Ede." Highlights of the competition included: Adire tying and dyeing competition among textile students, Fine Arts Departments, Obafemi Awolowo University Ile-Ife, Colleges of Education Ilesa and Ila Oragun; Ijala traditional poetry competition along with Ekun Iyaro and Oriki Idile among Yoruba students of the three higher institutions. There was also a traditional fashion show among interested students in all the higher institutions of learning in Oshun State as well as drawing competition among secondary school students.
International Museum Day was celebrated at the Alhamra Hall III on Tuesday 18 with the Minister for Cultural Activities and Youth Affairs Shaukat Bhatti as chief guest. Zarina Khursheed of the Lahore Museum demonstrated the exquisite treasures of the Lahore Museum in a slide show. Established in 1855, today the Lahore Museum is the richest museum of Pakistan with more than 60,000 antiques.
La exposición "Museos de Panama" para celebrar el Día Internacional de los Museos (18 de Mayo), ha sido inaugurada el Jueves, 13 de mayo, 2004, en la Sala "Luis C. Pabon" del Centro de Visitantes del Museo Panama Viejo, Via Cincuentenario. Panamá, República de Panamá.
La exposición ha constado de fotografías, afiches, noticias periodísticas de carácter museológico, brochures, etc.
II Feria denominada : "Los museos a tu alcance", Centro Histórico de Lima.
Ciclo de conferencias: "Lima, patrimonio y museos" 25 y 27 de mayo, Salón General del Centro Cultural de San Marcos, Av. Nicolás de Piérolas 1222, Parque Universitario, Lima.
Organised by the Seychelles Museums : The quiz competition and evening of jokes, riddles and stories focused on the country's cultural expressions and traditions while the exhibition, titled "Telegraf Mouswar", concentrated on non-verbal communication by using handkerchief, a practice brought to our shores by the French, who colonised Seychelles in 1770. The exhibition, was held in the National Library lobby, and officially opened on Tuesday, while the evening of jokes, riddles and stories took place on Friday May 21 at the National Library.
• South Africa
Cape Town - Story-telling, exhibitions, a tour of old cells and a "stokbrood" (bread-on-stick) braai - some of the fare the Western Cape's museums offered on International Museum Day on Tuesday 18 May. http://www.news24.com/News24/Entertainment/Local/0,,2-1225-1242_1528759,00.html
Frost Art Museum : http://www.artdaily.com/indexv5.asp?int_sec=2&int_new=10180
The World Museum of Mining
Boca Raton Museum of Art
Western Aerospace Museum: http://www.aviationhistory.org/ah_amelia_earhart_symposium.html
New England Carousel Museum
• Viet Nam
A workshop on preserving intangible heritage was jointly organised in Ha Noi on May 18 in celebration of International Museum Day (May 18). Participants in the workshop heard 11 reports on preserving Viet Nam's intangible cultural heritage and methods to showcase intangible cultural heritage in museums. The workshop was held by the Ministry of Culture and Information's Cultural Heritage Department and the Viet Nam Ethnology Museum.