The Project Gutenberg ebook of Moby Dick; or The Whale, by Herman Melville



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throw of the shore" (Terra Del Fuego), "over which the beech tree

extended its branches." --DARWIN'S VOYAGE OF A NATURALIST.


"'Stern all!' exclaimed the mate, as upon turning his head, he saw the

distended jaws of a large Sperm Whale close to the head of the boat,

threatening it with instant destruction;--'Stern all, for your lives!'"

--WHARTON THE WHALE KILLER.


"So be cheery, my lads, let your hearts never fail, While the bold

harpooneer is striking the whale!" --NANTUCKET SONG.


"Oh, the rare old Whale, mid storm and gale

In his ocean home will be

A giant in might, where might is right,

And King of the boundless sea."

--WHALE SONG.

CHAPTER 1. Loomings.

Call me Ishmael. Some years ago--never mind how long precisely--having

little or no money in my purse, and nothing particular to interest me on

shore, I thought I would sail about a little and see the watery part of

the world. It is a way I have of driving off the spleen and regulating

the circulation. Whenever I find myself growing grim about the mouth;

whenever it is a damp, drizzly November in my soul; whenever I find

myself involuntarily pausing before coffin warehouses, and bringing up

the rear of every funeral I meet; and especially whenever my hypos get

such an upper hand of me, that it requires a strong moral principle to

prevent me from deliberately stepping into the street, and methodically

knocking people's hats off--then, I account it high time to get to sea

as soon as I can. This is my substitute for pistol and ball. With a

philosophical flourish Cato throws himself upon his sword; I quietly

take to the ship. There is nothing surprising in this. If they but knew

it, almost all men in their degree, some time or other, cherish very

nearly the same feelings towards the ocean with me.


There now is your insular city of the Manhattoes, belted round by

wharves as Indian isles by coral reefs--commerce surrounds it with

her surf. Right and left, the streets take you waterward. Its extreme

downtown is the battery, where that noble mole is washed by waves, and

cooled by breezes, which a few hours previous were out of sight of land.

Look at the crowds of water-gazers there.


Circumambulate the city of a dreamy Sabbath afternoon. Go from Corlears

Hook to Coenties Slip, and from thence, by Whitehall, northward. What

do you see?--Posted like silent sentinels all around the town, stand

thousands upon thousands of mortal men fixed in ocean reveries. Some

leaning against the spiles; some seated upon the pier-heads; some

looking over the bulwarks of ships from China; some high aloft in the

rigging, as if striving to get a still better seaward peep. But these

are all landsmen; of week days pent up in lath and plaster--tied to

counters, nailed to benches, clinched to desks. How then is this? Are

the green fields gone? What do they here?


But look! here come more crowds, pacing straight for the water, and

seemingly bound for a dive. Strange! Nothing will content them but the

extremest limit of the land; loitering under the shady lee of yonder

warehouses will not suffice. No. They must get just as nigh the water

as they possibly can without falling in. And there they stand--miles of

them--leagues. Inlanders all, they come from lanes and alleys, streets

and avenues--north, east, south, and west. Yet here they all unite.

Tell me, does the magnetic virtue of the needles of the compasses of all

those ships attract them thither?
Once more. Say you are in the country; in some high land of lakes. Take

almost any path you please, and ten to one it carries you down in a

dale, and leaves you there by a pool in the stream. There is magic

in it. Let the most absent-minded of men be plunged in his deepest

reveries--stand that man on his legs, set his feet a-going, and he will

infallibly lead you to water, if water there be in all that region.

Should you ever be athirst in the great American desert, try this

experiment, if your caravan happen to be supplied with a metaphysical

professor. Yes, as every one knows, meditation and water are wedded for

ever.
But here is an artist. He desires to paint you the dreamiest, shadiest,

quietest, most enchanting bit of romantic landscape in all the valley of

the Saco. What is the chief element he employs? There stand his trees,

each with a hollow trunk, as if a hermit and a crucifix were within; and

here sleeps his meadow, and there sleep his cattle; and up from yonder

cottage goes a sleepy smoke. Deep into distant woodlands winds a

mazy way, reaching to overlapping spurs of mountains bathed in their

hill-side blue. But though the picture lies thus tranced, and though

this pine-tree shakes down its sighs like leaves upon this shepherd's

head, yet all were vain, unless the shepherd's eye were fixed upon the

magic stream before him. Go visit the Prairies in June, when for scores

on scores of miles you wade knee-deep among Tiger-lilies--what is the

one charm wanting?--Water--there is not a drop of water there! Were

Niagara but a cataract of sand, would you travel your thousand miles to

see it? Why did the poor poet of Tennessee, upon suddenly receiving two

handfuls of silver, deliberate whether to buy him a coat, which he sadly

needed, or invest his money in a pedestrian trip to Rockaway Beach? Why

is almost every robust healthy boy with a robust healthy soul in him, at

some time or other crazy to go to sea? Why upon your first voyage as a

passenger, did you yourself feel such a mystical vibration, when first

told that you and your ship were now out of sight of land? Why did the

old Persians hold the sea holy? Why did the Greeks give it a separate

deity, and own brother of Jove? Surely all this is not without meaning.

And still deeper the meaning of that story of Narcissus, who because

he could not grasp the tormenting, mild image he saw in the fountain,

plunged into it and was drowned. But that same image, we ourselves see

in all rivers and oceans. It is the image of the ungraspable phantom of

life; and this is the key to it all.
Now, when I say that I am in the habit of going to sea whenever I begin

to grow hazy about the eyes, and begin to be over conscious of my lungs,

I do not mean to have it inferred that I ever go to sea as a passenger.

For to go as a passenger you must needs have a purse, and a purse is

but a rag unless you have something in it. Besides, passengers get

sea-sick--grow quarrelsome--don't sleep of nights--do not enjoy

themselves much, as a general thing;--no, I never go as a passenger;

nor, though I am something of a salt, do I ever go to sea as a

Commodore, or a Captain, or a Cook. I abandon the glory and distinction

of such offices to those who like them. For my part, I abominate all

honourable respectable toils, trials, and tribulations of every kind

whatsoever. It is quite as much as I can do to take care of myself,

without taking care of ships, barques, brigs, schooners, and what not.

And as for going as cook,--though I confess there is considerable glory

in that, a cook being a sort of officer on ship-board--yet, somehow,

I never fancied broiling fowls;--though once broiled, judiciously

buttered, and judgmatically salted and peppered, there is no one who

will speak more respectfully, not to say reverentially, of a broiled

fowl than I will. It is out of the idolatrous dotings of the old

Egyptians upon broiled ibis and roasted river horse, that you see the

mummies of those creatures in their huge bake-houses the pyramids.
No, when I go to sea, I go as a simple sailor, right before the mast,

plumb down into the forecastle, aloft there to the royal mast-head.

True, they rather order me about some, and make me jump from spar to

spar, like a grasshopper in a May meadow. And at first, this sort

of thing is unpleasant enough. It touches one's sense of honour,

particularly if you come of an old established family in the land, the

Van Rensselaers, or Randolphs, or Hardicanutes. And more than all,

if just previous to putting your hand into the tar-pot, you have been

lording it as a country schoolmaster, making the tallest boys stand

in awe of you. The transition is a keen one, I assure you, from a

schoolmaster to a sailor, and requires a strong decoction of Seneca and

the Stoics to enable you to grin and bear it. But even this wears off in

time.
What of it, if some old hunks of a sea-captain orders me to get a broom

and sweep down the decks? What does that indignity amount to, weighed,

I mean, in the scales of the New Testament? Do you think the archangel

Gabriel thinks anything the less of me, because I promptly and

respectfully obey that old hunks in that particular instance? Who ain't

a slave? Tell me that. Well, then, however the old sea-captains may

order me about--however they may thump and punch me about, I have the

satisfaction of knowing that it is all right; that everybody else is

one way or other served in much the same way--either in a physical

or metaphysical point of view, that is; and so the universal thump is

passed round, and all hands should rub each other's shoulder-blades, and

be content.


Again, I always go to sea as a sailor, because they make a point of

paying me for my trouble, whereas they never pay passengers a single

penny that I ever heard of. On the contrary, passengers themselves must

pay. And there is all the difference in the world between paying

and being paid. The act of paying is perhaps the most uncomfortable

infliction that the two orchard thieves entailed upon us. But BEING

PAID,--what will compare with it? The urbane activity with which a man

receives money is really marvellous, considering that we so earnestly

believe money to be the root of all earthly ills, and that on no account

can a monied man enter heaven. Ah! how cheerfully we consign ourselves

to perdition!
Finally, I always go to sea as a sailor, because of the wholesome

exercise and pure air of the fore-castle deck. For as in this world,

head winds are far more prevalent than winds from astern (that is,

if you never violate the Pythagorean maxim), so for the most part the

Commodore on the quarter-deck gets his atmosphere at second hand from

the sailors on the forecastle. He thinks he breathes it first; but not

so. In much the same way do the commonalty lead their leaders in many

other things, at the same time that the leaders little suspect it.

But wherefore it was that after having repeatedly smelt the sea as a

merchant sailor, I should now take it into my head to go on a whaling

voyage; this the invisible police officer of the Fates, who has the

constant surveillance of me, and secretly dogs me, and influences me

in some unaccountable way--he can better answer than any one else. And,

doubtless, my going on this whaling voyage, formed part of the grand

programme of Providence that was drawn up a long time ago. It came in as

a sort of brief interlude and solo between more extensive performances.

I take it that this part of the bill must have run something like this:

"GRAND CONTESTED ELECTION FOR THE PRESIDENCY OF THE UNITED STATES.


"WHALING VOYAGE BY ONE ISHMAEL.
"BLOODY BATTLE IN AFFGHANISTAN."

Though I cannot tell why it was exactly that those stage managers, the

Fates, put me down for this shabby part of a whaling voyage, when others

were set down for magnificent parts in high tragedies, and short and

easy parts in genteel comedies, and jolly parts in farces--though

I cannot tell why this was exactly; yet, now that I recall all the

circumstances, I think I can see a little into the springs and motives

which being cunningly presented to me under various disguises, induced

me to set about performing the part I did, besides cajoling me into the

delusion that it was a choice resulting from my own unbiased freewill

and discriminating judgment.
Chief among these motives was the overwhelming idea of the great

whale himself. Such a portentous and mysterious monster roused all my

curiosity. Then the wild and distant seas where he rolled his island

bulk; the undeliverable, nameless perils of the whale; these, with all

the attending marvels of a thousand Patagonian sights and sounds, helped

to sway me to my wish. With other men, perhaps, such things would not

have been inducements; but as for me, I am tormented with an everlasting

itch for things remote. I love to sail forbidden seas, and land on

barbarous coasts. Not ignoring what is good, I am quick to perceive a

horror, and could still be social with it--would they let me--since it

is but well to be on friendly terms with all the inmates of the place

one lodges in.


By reason of these things, then, the whaling voyage was welcome; the

great flood-gates of the wonder-world swung open, and in the wild

conceits that swayed me to my purpose, two and two there floated into

my inmost soul, endless processions of the whale, and, mid most of them

all, one grand hooded phantom, like a snow hill in the air.

CHAPTER 2. The Carpet-Bag.

I stuffed a shirt or two into my old carpet-bag, tucked it under my arm,

and started for Cape Horn and the Pacific. Quitting the good city of

old Manhatto, I duly arrived in New Bedford. It was a Saturday night in

December. Much was I disappointed upon learning that the little packet

for Nantucket had already sailed, and that no way of reaching that place

would offer, till the following Monday.


As most young candidates for the pains and penalties of whaling stop at

this same New Bedford, thence to embark on their voyage, it may as well

be related that I, for one, had no idea of so doing. For my mind was

made up to sail in no other than a Nantucket craft, because there was a

fine, boisterous something about everything connected with that famous

old island, which amazingly pleased me. Besides though New Bedford has

of late been gradually monopolising the business of whaling, and though

in this matter poor old Nantucket is now much behind her, yet Nantucket

was her great original--the Tyre of this Carthage;--the place where the

first dead American whale was stranded. Where else but from Nantucket

did those aboriginal whalemen, the Red-Men, first sally out in canoes to

give chase to the Leviathan? And where but from Nantucket, too, did that

first adventurous little sloop put forth, partly laden with imported

cobblestones--so goes the story--to throw at the whales, in order to

discover when they were nigh enough to risk a harpoon from the bowsprit?
Now having a night, a day, and still another night following before me

in New Bedford, ere I could embark for my destined port, it became a

matter of concernment where I was to eat and sleep meanwhile. It was a

very dubious-looking, nay, a very dark and dismal night, bitingly cold

and cheerless. I knew no one in the place. With anxious grapnels I had

sounded my pocket, and only brought up a few pieces of silver,--So,

wherever you go, Ishmael, said I to myself, as I stood in the middle of

a dreary street shouldering my bag, and comparing the gloom towards the

north with the darkness towards the south--wherever in your wisdom you

may conclude to lodge for the night, my dear Ishmael, be sure to inquire

the price, and don't be too particular.
With halting steps I paced the streets, and passed the sign of "The

Crossed Harpoons"--but it looked too expensive and jolly there. Further

on, from the bright red windows of the "Sword-Fish Inn," there came such

fervent rays, that it seemed to have melted the packed snow and ice from

before the house, for everywhere else the congealed frost lay ten inches

thick in a hard, asphaltic pavement,--rather weary for me, when I struck

my foot against the flinty projections, because from hard, remorseless

service the soles of my boots were in a most miserable plight. Too

expensive and jolly, again thought I, pausing one moment to watch the

broad glare in the street, and hear the sounds of the tinkling glasses

within. But go on, Ishmael, said I at last; don't you hear? get away

from before the door; your patched boots are stopping the way. So on I

went. I now by instinct followed the streets that took me waterward, for

there, doubtless, were the cheapest, if not the cheeriest inns.


Such dreary streets! blocks of blackness, not houses, on either hand,

and here and there a candle, like a candle moving about in a tomb. At

this hour of the night, of the last day of the week, that quarter of

the town proved all but deserted. But presently I came to a smoky light

proceeding from a low, wide building, the door of which stood invitingly

open. It had a careless look, as if it were meant for the uses of the

public; so, entering, the first thing I did was to stumble over an

ash-box in the porch. Ha! thought I, ha, as the flying particles almost

choked me, are these ashes from that destroyed city, Gomorrah? But "The

Crossed Harpoons," and "The Sword-Fish?"--this, then must needs be the

sign of "The Trap." However, I picked myself up and hearing a loud voice

within, pushed on and opened a second, interior door.


It seemed the great Black Parliament sitting in Tophet. A hundred black

faces turned round in their rows to peer; and beyond, a black Angel

of Doom was beating a book in a pulpit. It was a negro church; and the

preacher's text was about the blackness of darkness, and the weeping and

wailing and teeth-gnashing there. Ha, Ishmael, muttered I, backing out,

Wretched entertainment at the sign of 'The Trap!'


Moving on, I at last came to a dim sort of light not far from the docks,

and heard a forlorn creaking in the air; and looking up, saw a swinging

sign over the door with a white painting upon it, faintly representing

a tall straight jet of misty spray, and these words underneath--"The

Spouter Inn:--Peter Coffin."
Coffin?--Spouter?--Rather ominous in that particular connexion, thought

I. But it is a common name in Nantucket, they say, and I suppose this

Peter here is an emigrant from there. As the light looked so dim, and

the place, for the time, looked quiet enough, and the dilapidated little

wooden house itself looked as if it might have been carted here from

the ruins of some burnt district, and as the swinging sign had a

poverty-stricken sort of creak to it, I thought that here was the very

spot for cheap lodgings, and the best of pea coffee.


It was a queer sort of place--a gable-ended old house, one side palsied

as it were, and leaning over sadly. It stood on a sharp bleak corner,

where that tempestuous wind Euroclydon kept up a worse howling than ever

it did about poor Paul's tossed craft. Euroclydon, nevertheless, is a

mighty pleasant zephyr to any one in-doors, with his feet on the hob

quietly toasting for bed. "In judging of that tempestuous wind called

Euroclydon," says an old writer--of whose works I possess the only copy

extant--"it maketh a marvellous difference, whether thou lookest out at

it from a glass window where the frost is all on the outside, or whether

thou observest it from that sashless window, where the frost is on both

sides, and of which the wight Death is the only glazier." True enough,

thought I, as this passage occurred to my mind--old black-letter, thou

reasonest well. Yes, these eyes are windows, and this body of mine is

the house. What a pity they didn't stop up the chinks and the crannies

though, and thrust in a little lint here and there. But it's too late

to make any improvements now. The universe is finished; the copestone

is on, and the chips were carted off a million years ago. Poor Lazarus

there, chattering his teeth against the curbstone for his pillow, and

shaking off his tatters with his shiverings, he might plug up both ears

with rags, and put a corn-cob into his mouth, and yet that would not

keep out the tempestuous Euroclydon. Euroclydon! says old Dives, in his

red silken wrapper--(he had a redder one afterwards) pooh, pooh! What

a fine frosty night; how Orion glitters; what northern lights! Let them

talk of their oriental summer climes of everlasting conservatories; give

me the privilege of making my own summer with my own coals.
But what thinks Lazarus? Can he warm his blue hands by holding them up

to the grand northern lights? Would not Lazarus rather be in Sumatra

than here? Would he not far rather lay him down lengthwise along the

line of the equator; yea, ye gods! go down to the fiery pit itself, in

order to keep out this frost?
Now, that Lazarus should lie stranded there on the curbstone before the

door of Dives, this is more wonderful than that an iceberg should be

moored to one of the Moluccas. Yet Dives himself, he too lives like a

Czar in an ice palace made of frozen sighs, and being a president of a

temperance society, he only drinks the tepid tears of orphans.
But no more of this blubbering now, we are going a-whaling, and there is

plenty of that yet to come. Let us scrape the ice from our frosted feet,

and see what sort of a place this "Spouter" may be.

CHAPTER 3. The Spouter-Inn.

Entering that gable-ended Spouter-Inn, you found yourself in a wide,

low, straggling entry with old-fashioned wainscots, reminding one of

the bulwarks of some condemned old craft. On one side hung a very large

oilpainting so thoroughly besmoked, and every way defaced, that in the

unequal crosslights by which you viewed it, it was only by diligent

study and a series of systematic visits to it, and careful inquiry of

the neighbors, that you could any way arrive at an understanding of its

purpose. Such unaccountable masses of shades and shadows, that at first

you almost thought some ambitious young artist, in the time of the New

England hags, had endeavored to delineate chaos bewitched. But by dint

of much and earnest contemplation, and oft repeated ponderings, and

especially by throwing open the little window towards the back of the

entry, you at last come to the conclusion that such an idea, however

wild, might not be altogether unwarranted.


But what most puzzled and confounded you was a long, limber, portentous,

black mass of something hovering in the centre of the picture over three

blue, dim, perpendicular lines floating in a nameless yeast. A boggy,

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