The North and South of Italy – Worlds apart?



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The North and South of Italy – Worlds apart?

The North

The industrial triangle is located at the western end of Italy’s largest area of lowland, the North Italian Plain. The region is the richest area in Italy. The cities of Milan, Turin and Genoa are at the three corners of the triangle.


In the last 50 years industrial growth has been very rapid. Italy is now one of the seven richest nations in the world and the industrial triangle is has become the wealthiest region in the whole country.
Why is the industrial triangle the richest region in Italy?
Italy is located near to the main European markets of France, Germany and the UK. Goods that have been produced can be easily exported and sold in these countries. Also, road and rail tunnels provide good links (communications) through the Alps to the European markets.
There is plenty of flat land available for large factories. The large population in the area (10 million) provides a large local labour force and market (to sell goods to).
The flat land is also ideal for the large-scale farms. This also provides many jobs. The good weather also provides ideal conditions for farming.
Export (moving goods to other countries to sell) markets are available through port of Genoa and several airports.
Although this is the richest part of Italy with most of the better-paid and skilled jobs, it still has problems. As more and more land is being built upon there is less for farming and recreation.
The South
The south of Italy is the poorest region in Italy. One are has the lowest standard of living in the EC. Most people still live in hilltop villages in rural areas. The few towns, which are on the coast, have little industry to attract people. Many people from the south migrate to the North, or to other European countries or even North America or Australia to find work.
Farming
Agriculture is still the main type of landuse. Most farms are small in size. Farming is at a subsistence level which mean farmers grow just enough food for their own needs and have very little left over to sell. Because farmers make very little money they cannot afford fertiliser.
Much of the land in the south is high and steep. Therefore it is difficult to farm. Also, most rain falls in the winter. In summer there is usually a drought.
The farmers are far away from European markets. Therefore they have no one to sell their produce to.
There are few local farming collages, which means that farming methods are still traditional. Animals are often used instead of machinery.

Industry

The South of Italy has never been important industrial region. It is isolated from the rest of Europe by poor transport links. The are has very few natural resources, little money and limited skills. The high birth rate means there are too many people looking for the few available jobs.


Despite these problems the South is slowly becoming better off. Marshy areas have been drained and trees planted. New dams, irrigation schemes and motorways have been built. The hot, dry summers and the sandy beaches are attracting more tourists. Some of the earlier migrants to the North have returned with the money which they earned there. Even so, the gap between the North and the South of Italy continues to grow.


Why is the North of Italy significantly richer than the South of Italy? Is this the result of their geographical locations?
The North of Italy is significantly richer than the South of Italy. The reasons for these differences are both human and physical.
The North of Italy is rich because of a number of human reasons. For instance, …………….
(Insert the text which you have underlined for the North of Italy)

There are also a number of physical factors explaining the North of Italy’s wealth. For example…………….

(Insert the text which you have put in bold for the North of Italy)
The South of Italy is poor because of a number of human reasons. For instance, …………….
(Insert the text which you have underlined for the South of Italy)

There are also a number of physical factors explaining the South of Italy’s lack of economic success. For example…………….

(Insert the text which you have put in bold for the South of Italy)
The location of the North and South of Italy plays an important role in the differences in wealth. For example, the South is poor because………
(Insert the text which you have put in italics for the South of Italy)

The North, on the other hand is rich because……


(Insert the text which you have put in italics for the North of Italy)

So, in conclusion, we can say that the North of Italy is richer than the South of Italy for a range of human and physical factors. Relief (shape of the land), climate, and distance to and from markets, all factors of location, explain the differences very well.


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