The New Jersey Plan



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The New Jersey Plan


Branches

Three - legislative, executive, and judicial. The legislature appoints people to serve in the executive branch, and the executive branch selects the justices of the Supreme Court.

Legislature

One house (unicameral). States would be represented equally, so all states had the same power.

Other
Powers


The national government could levy taxes and import duties, regulate trade, and state laws would be subordinate to laws passed by the national legislature.


The Virginia Plan


Branches

Three - legislative, executive, and judicial. The legislature was more powerful, as it chose people to serve in the executive and judicial branches.

Legislature

Two houses (bicameral). The House of Representatives was elected by the people and the Senate was elected by the state legislatures. Both were represented proportionally.

Other
Powers


The legislature could regulate interstate trade, strike down laws deemed unconstitutional and use armed forces to enforce laws.



Virginia & New Jersey Plans

_____________________________ was one of the prominent delegates to the Constitutional Convention. However, he was thinking about the convention before he even got there. It was clear at the time that the current government under the Articles of Confederation was just _______ getting the job done, and something had to be done to remedy the situation. So, he drafted a plan for a new __________________________ government, which was presented at the convention as "The __________________ Plan" (see table for details). Essentially, the Virginia Plan proposed a _____________ ______________________ government that could make and enforce ______________, and collect ________________. The people would be governed by _________ governments - the ________________ and _________________. A system such as this is known as a _______________________ system of government. Additionally, both houses of the legislature would feature ________________________ representation; basically, this means that the more __________________ a state has, the more ________________________ it gets in the ___________________________. Clearly, ________________ states favored this plan.



___________________ states were pretty scared about the Virginia Plan, though. If this plan passed, it would mean that smaller states would have almost _______ say in the government. The debate over the Virginia Plan grew quite heated, and finally the small states asked for time to draw up their own plan, known as the ____________ __________________ _____________ (see table for details). Its __________________ only had _______ house which featured ______________ representation - each state gets the _____________ number of representatives. This way, ____________ states had the _______________ power in the legislature as _________________ states.

Ultimately, the New Jersey Plan was ___________________ as a basis for a new constitution. It was really a continuation of the old style of government under the Articles of Confederation. However, some ideas from it were used in the ______________ ______________________. The Virginia Plan was used, but many delegates felt that any new government would need new powers and a new organization to exercise those powers fully.


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