The John Marshall Supreme Court: Landmark Cases and Role of the Federal Government Directions



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The John Marshall Supreme Court: Landmark Cases and Role of the Federal Government
Directions:

  1. Travel to each station and read the articles in the folder.

  2. Use the information to complete the chart about the topic

  3. Complete the activity that matches the topic

  4. Once you’ve finalized your notes and completed the activity, move on to the next station.


Marbury v. Madison


Background Information




Issue of the Case




Summary

of the Argument




Court’s Decision




Significance (So What?)






Marbury v. Madison
Directions: Analyze the political cartoon representing Marbury v. Madison




  1. What do you see in the cartoon? Make a list. Include objects, people, and any characteristics that seem to be exaggerated. 




  1. Which of the items on the list from Question 1 are symbols? What does each symbol stand for? 



  1. What is happening in the cartoon? 



  1. What is the cartoonist's message? 




  1. Do you agree or disagree with the message? Explain your answer.

McCulloch v. Maryland


Background Information




Issue of the Case




Summary

of the Argument




Court’s Decision




Significance (So What?/

Impact)





McCulloch v. Maryland
Directions: Complete the Necessary and Proper matching activity and the crossword puzzle review.

John Marshall’s Legacy


Early Life

Where was he from? Where did he go to school?

Landmark

Supreme Court Cases In Which He Ruled

List the major Supreme Court Cases for which he was chief justice (3 of them)

Marshall’s Most Important Contribution

Explain what Marshall’s most important contribution was as Chief Justice and how he established it.

Significance (So What?)

How did Marshall’s Supreme Court affect the federal government? Explain.


John Marshall’s Legacy- Directions: Answer the following questions about John Marshall.



1. Under Chief Justice John Marshall, the Supreme Court strengthened its authority by

  1. applying judicial review to state and national laws

  2. changing the operation of the electoral college

  3. increasing the number of Justices on the Court

  4. expanding the freedoms included in the first amendment

2. Many of the decisions made by the Supreme Court while John Marshall was Chief Justice led directly to



  1. a reduction of federal influence in economic affairs

  2. an increase in the power of the federal government over the states

  3. a greater role for Congress in foreign policy

  4. a limitation on slavery in the states

3. Under the leadership of Chief Justice John Marshall (1801–1835), the United States Supreme Court issued decisions that



  1. declared racial segregation laws unconstitutional

  2. gave states the power to tax the Bank of the United States

  3. increased the ability of Congress to limit the powers of the president

  4. established the supremacy of federal laws over state laws

4. Which Supreme Court case best completes the partial outline below?

I. ______________________________
A. Heard under Chief Justice John Marshall

B. Established judicial review

C. Strengthened the judiciary
(1) Marbury v. Madison (1803)

(2) McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)

(3) Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)

(4) Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857)



5. Key decisions of the Supreme Court under the leadership of John Marshall solidified the power of the Supreme Court to

  1. try cases between states.

  2. accept appeals from lower federal courts.

  3. try cases involving foreign diplomats.

  4. review the constitutionality of state and federal laws.


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