The Jacksonian Era Matching Match each item with the correct statement below a



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The Jacksonian Era

Matching

Match each item with the correct statement below.

a.

John C. Calhoun

f.

Roger Taney

b.

spoils system

g.

convention

c.

Abominations

h.

Whigs

d.

Martin Van Buren

i.

John Quincy Adams

e.

Cherokee

j.

Nat Turner

____ 1. Vice-President _____ argued that a state could nullify a law that it considered to be unconstitutional.

____ 2. In response to Jackson’s bank policies the National Republicans renamed themselves the _____.

____ 3. An accomplishment of _____ as President was setting the work day at ten hours on federal projects.

____ 4. A slave rebellion in 1831, led by _____, brought death to 60 whites and to over 100 blacks.

____ 5. Because of high rates on so many classes of goods, the 1828 tariff law became known as the Tariff of _____.

____ 6. The House chose _____ for President in 1824 even though he had fewer electoral votes than Jackson.

____ 7. The _____ system replaced the caucus system for nominating candidates in the early 1800s.

____ 8. The practice by Jackson and others of rewarding political supporters with jobs was called the _____.

____ 9. In 1838 the _____ Indians were forced west of the Mississippi in what they called the “trail of tears.”

____ 10. As Jackson’s Treasury Secretary, _____ deposited federal funds in “pet banks” around the country.

Multiple Choice

Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

____ 11. Because of the 12th Amendment, the selection of President in 1824 was ultimately made by the



a.

House of Representatives.

c.

Supreme Court.

b.

Senate.

d.

popular vote.

____ 12. Which is NOT a valid statement about the election of 1828?



a.

Jackson was elected President.

b.

Adams was criticized for his “Corrupt Bargain.”

c.

Adams received fewer votes than he had in 1824.

d.

Jackson carried the states west of the Appalachians and south of the Potomac.

____ 13. A closed meeting of party members held to reach a decision in a matter of concern is known as a



a.

“convention.”

c.

“caucus.”

b.

“primary.”

d.

“quorum.”

____ 14. Which of the following would have been considered part of the frontier in the age of Jackson?



a.

the Mississippi River

c.

Virginia

b.

the Hudson River

d.

Massachusetts

____ 15. In the early 1800s, what system replaced the caucus for nominating candidates for office?



a.

primary elections

c.

Congress

b.

conventions

d.

public opinion polls

____ 16. A form of government in which the people rule either directly or through elected representatives is known as a (an)



a.

“aristocracy.”

c.

“monarchy.”

b.

“oligarchy.”

d.

“democracy.”

____ 17. The practice by Jackson and others of rewarding political supporters with jobs was



a.

ruled unconstitutional.

c.

called the “spoils system.”

b.

known as “pork-barreling.”

d.

known as the “convention.”

____ 18. Which of the following did NOT increase voter turnout in the early 1800s?



a.

political conventions

c.

printed ballots

b.

Jackson popularity

d.

granting women the right to vote

____ 19. American _____ were often called “People’s Palaces” in the early 1800s.



a.

homes

c.

department stores

b.

hotels

d.

plantations

____ 20. Which of the following does NOT accurately describe Andrew Jackson?



a.

lawyer

c.

Tennessee Congressman

b.

son of an immigrant

d.

college educated

____ 21. Which state was LEAST in support of high tariffs?



a.

Rhode Island

c.

South Carolina

b.

New York

d.

Pennsylvania

____ 22. Jackson was LEAST popular with



a.

westerners.

c.

Federalists.

b.

frontiers people.

d.

urban working people.

____ 23. A declaration by an individual state that an act of Congress is not allowable is called



a.

“impeachment.”

c.

“treason.”

b.

“federalism.”

d.

“nullification.”

____ 24. In what way were Jackson and Tyler MOST different?



a.

their careers in the military

b.

their activities with Native Americans

c.

their roots in the West

d.

their political parties

____ 25. Why did the South object to high tariffs?



a.

They imported most of their finished goods.

b.

It raised the price of the cotton they exported.

c.

It increased the price of slaves.

d.

They already manufactured what they needed.

____ 26. Which of the following was NOT a presidential candidate in 1824?



a.

Andrew Jackson

c.

Martin Van Buren

b.

Henry Clay

d.

John Quincy Adams

____ 27. Which of the following changed the LEAST between the election of Washington and Jackson?



a.

property qualification

c.

use of the electoral college

b.

number of states

d.

activities of political parties

____ 28. Whose Presidency was tainted by the charge of the “Corrupt Bargain”?



a.

Andrew Jackson

c.

John Quincy Adams

b.

William Henry Harrison

d.

Martin Van Buren

____ 29. Which was the LAST of the original 13 states to abolish the property qualification for voting?



a.

New York

c.

Massachusetts

b.

Rhode Island

d.

Virginia

____ 30. All of the following increased the number of voters EXCEPT



a.

written ballots.

b.

the increasing informality of candidates.

c.

the lifting of racial restrictions on voting.

d.

the lifting of property restrictions on voting.

____ 31. Which of the following is NOT a valid comparison between the election of 1824 and that of 1828?



a.

There were fewer candidates in 1828.

b.

More males voted in 1824.

c.

Written ballots increased voter turnout.

d.

Jackson was more popular in 1828.

____ 32. The Peggy Eaton affair was significant because it resulted in



a.

President Jackson’s reliance on a group of friends for advice.

b.

the resignation of most of the Cabinet.

c.

Jackson’s support of Martin Van Buren as his successor.

d.

all of the above

____ 33. Which of the following issues did Jackson and Calhoun disagree upon?



a.

the Eaton affair

c.

nullification

b.

Jackson’s 1818 Florida campaign

d.

all of the above

____ 34. In 1832 South Carolina rescinded nullification after



a.

Jackson sent troops to South Carolina.

b.

Congress revised the tariff, reducing rates.

c.

Congress abandoned the protective tariff.

d.

the government repealed its right to tax.

____ 35. The courageous leader of the Seminoles was



a.

Chief Black Hawk.

c.

Chief Osceola.

b.

Sequoya.

d.

Sacajawea.

____ 36. The forced removal of the Cherokee to Oklahoma was known as



a.

“Long March.”

c.

“Last Stand.”

b.

“trail of tears.”

d.

“Walk to Freedom.”

____ 37. Jackson disliked the National Bank because



a.

he believed it was unconstitutional.

b.

it contributed to the national debt.

c.

he believed it favored the wealthy interests.

d.

he believed it was unconstitutional AND he believed it favored the wealthy interests.

____ 38. Which of the following was NOT a concern of the South?



a.

slave revolts

c.

the impact of the cotton gin

b.

the impact of the tariff

d.

the resolution of the Indian question

____ 39. Van Buren’s presidency was unpopular because



a.

he was associated with Jackson.

c.

of war with England.

b.

of a financial panic.

d.

of his stand on slavery.

____ 40. Which of the following was the MOST distorted depiction of a presidential candidate?



a.

Harrison’s log cabin origins

b.

Jackson, the Indian fighter

c.

Adams’s selection of Clay as Secretary of State

d.

Clay’s support of the American System

____ 41. Who forced the rechartering of the National Bank in 1832 to further his political career?



a.

Andrew Jackson

c.

Henry Clay

b.

Nicholas Biddle

d.

Martin Van Buren

____ 42. Jackson’s administration supported all of the following EXCEPT



a.

rechartering of the National Bank.

b.

moving the Indians west of the Mississippi River.

c.

the spoils system.

d.

opposition to the doctrine of nullification.

____ 43. Which of the following is the MOST recent example of the widening of suffrage?



a.

dropping the property qualification

b.

allowing 18-year-olds to vote

c.

granting the vote to former slaves

d.

granting the vote to women

____ 44. During World War II, Japanese-Americans were rounded up by the U.S. government and forced to relocate to camps. This action was similar to Jackson’s treatment of the _____ tribe.



a.

Seminole

c.

Sioux

b.

Cherokee

d.

Fox

____ 45. South Carolina’s reaction to the tariff and Jackson’s response eventually led to the



a.

Civil War.

c.

direct election of U.S. Senators.

b.

Spanish-American War.

d.

Progressive Movement.

____ 46. Three of the following supported nullification. Identify the one that did NOT.



a.

Virginia and Kentucky Resolution

c.

Webster-Hayne debate

b.

the Hartford convention

d.

the American System

____ 47. Three of the following men ran for the presidency after achieving public recognition in the military. Identify one man who did NOT.



a.

George Washington

c.

Andrew Jackson

b.

Thomas Jefferson

d.

William Henry Harrison

____ 48. Which of the following issues was consistently supported by the North, South, and West?



a.

the tariff

b.

the National Bank

c.

the expansion of slavery

d.

the elimination of property qualifications for voting


Short Answer

In one or two sentences, define and distinguish between the terms given below.

49. nullify

50. protective tariff

51. “Kitchen Cabinet”



52. secession


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