Directions: Use pages 158-160 in your text to complete the chart.
1. What geographic feature did the city-states have in common? _____________________________________________________________________________________
2. Which city-state was in the best location to trade by land and sea with the Byzantine Empire to the East? ________________________________________________________________________________
3. Which city-state was the cultural center of Renaissance Italy? _________________________________
Directions: See the map on pg. 167 of your text. List the artists of the Renaissance next to the city-state in which they worked.
4. Put a (T) on the city-state that was in the best location for trade with the East by land and sea.
II. The Italian Wars
A. The growth of _______________-_________________ attracted Charles VIII of France. In _______________ he had 30,000 men invaded Italy. Northern Italian states looked to _________________ for help. For the next ________ years, Spain and France made Italy their battleground.
B. The turning point: In __________, Spanish troops and _______________________ from other countries arrived in Rome. They demanded their pay. This bloodshed is called the ____________ of _____________. The war ended and __________________ became dominant in Italy.
A. The _______________ written in _______ is one of the most influential works on political power. Machiavelli rejected _______________________ principles and instead focused on and understanding of ________________ nature.
Your Opinion: Should political leaders adhere (stick) to basic moral principles when pursuing the state’s affairs or just look out for the state’s interests? Why or why not?