The Indian Army and the Transition to ‘Conventional’ Warfare in Mesopotamia, 1914-1916



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Preliminary Program Schedule for Society for Military History Annual Conference 2015

FRIDAY, 10 APRIL

SESSION 1: 0830-1000
PANEL 1-A

ROOM: MONTGOMERY 1

FROM SMALL WARS TO GREAT WAR: THE IMPACT OF IRREGULAR WARFARE ON CONVENTIONAL WARFARE FOR THE FRENCH, BRITISH, AND AMERICAN MILITARIES
Chair: Sebastian Lukasik, Air Command and Staff College
The Indian Army and the Transition to ‘Conventional’ Warfare in Mesopotamia, 1914-1916

Nikolas Gardner, Royal Military College of Canada


The Influence of Colonial Warfare on French Commanders in the Great War

William T. Dean III, Air Command and Staff College


The Impact of Irregular Warfare upon the Great War: The American Experience

Steven Masternak, United States Air Force


Comments: Graydon (Jack) A. Tunstall, University of South Florida
PANEL 1-B

ROOM: MONTGOMERY 5

PERFECTING THE ELEVATOR TALK AND PUBLISHING IN MILITARY HISTORY: A ROUND TABLE DISCUSSION
Chair: Mary Elizabeth Walters, University of North Carolina
Jay Dew, Texas A&M University Press
Brandon Proia, University of North Carolina Press
Kimberly Guinta, Routledge Press
Adam Kane, University of Oklahoma Press
PANEL 1-C

ROOM: MONTGOMERY 7

AMERICAN AMATEURS: POLITICAL GENERALSHIP IN THE ARMIES OF THE UNITED STATES FROM 1812 TO 1865
Chair: Michael Bonura, U.S. Army
Bungled Battlefields in the War of 1812: The Leadership of Generals Hull, Van Rensselaer, and Winder

Peter Aschenbrenner, Purdue University


Competing for the Halls of the Montezumas: Gaining the Appointment to Lead the Mexico City Campaign

Chris Menking, University of North Texas


Little Better than Murder: The Mentorship of Political Generals during the Early Campaigns of the Civil War, 1861-1862

Eric Smith, University of North Texas


Comments: Richard McCaslin, University of North Texas
PANEL 1-D

ROOM: MONTGOMERY 9

COURTS AND CRIMINALITY IN THE U.S. MILITARY
Chair: Lorien Foote, Texas A&M University
Preserving Good Order and Discipline—The Debate Over the Creation of the Uniform Code of Military Justice

Carl J. Horn, National Defense University


Paradise Lost: Race, Riot and the U.S. Military in World War II Hawai’i

Allison Gough, Hawai’i Pacific University


Alabama Supreme Court Decisions on Habeas Corpus Petitions, 1861-1865

Mitchell McNaylor, Calhoun Community College


Comments: Donald MacCuish, Air Command and Staff College
PANEL 1-E

ROOM: RIVERVIEW 1

U.S. ARMY SCHOOLS: PROFESSION, MISSION, AND RACE

Chair: Samuel J. Watson, U.S. Military Academy
The Professional Dragoon: The Cavalry School of Practice at Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania, 1838-1842

Durwood Ball, University of New Mexico


Field Artillery Education in the Interwar Doldrums

Eugenia C. Kiesling, U.S. Military Academy


When Jim Crow Faced a New Army: Revisiting World War II and the Desegregation of the United States Military

Robert F. Jefferson, Jr., University of New Mexico


Comments: Tony R. Mullis, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College
PANEL 1-F

ROOM: RIVERVIEW 3

WARFARE IN EAST AND NORTHEAST ASIA, 1894-1945
Chair: Robyn Rodriguez, Joint POW/MIA Accountability Office
With Fate against Them, and Handicapped by Corruption, Treachery and Incompetence on Shore. . .”: Qing Defeat at the Battle of the Yalu River, 17 September 1894

Terry Beckenbaugh, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College


Chinese Gunboat Diplomacy: The 1911 Torreon Massacre and Contemporary Chinese Online Nationalism

Eric Setzekorn, George Washington University


The Thesis of Japan’s Inevitable Defeat: Tracing the Roots

Michael Myers, Washington State University


General George C. Marshall’s Diplomatic Trip to China, December 1945

Lawrence X. Clifford, Independent Scholar


Comments: Hal Friedman, Henry Ford College
PANEL 1-G

ROOM: RIVERVIEW 5

A SHOUT IN THE HEAVENS: FORGING THE COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY OF AIR POWER FROM WORLD WAR I TO THE VIETNAM WAR
Chair: Gregory A. Daddis, U.S. Military Academy
The Problems of Air-to-Ground Communication/Cooperation in the AEF

Laurence Mitchell Burke, II, Carnegie Mellon University


The All-Seeing Eyeball: The Technological Culture behind Air Superiority in the Vietnam War

Mike Hankins, Kansas State University


Flying the Friendly Skies: Air America Operations in Laos

J. Michael Ferguson, University of North Texas


Comments: S. Michael Pavelec, Joint Advanced Warfighting School
PANEL 1-H

ROOM: RIVERVIEW 7

[ALL] THE RESOURCES . . . OF THE VAST EMPIRE . . . SHALL BE THROWN INTO THE SCALE”: THE EVOLUTION OF BRITISH IMPERIAL DEFENSE COOPERATION FROM THE BOER WAR TO THE GREAT WAR


Chair: Kenneth Johnson, Air Command and Staff College
Hopelessly Ignorant of Our Self-Governing Colonies”: The New Australian Army, Imperial Defense, and the Colonial Conference of 1902

Craig Stockings, University of New South Wales


Command of the Canadian Militia in an Era of Nationalist Imperialism

James Wood, Okanagan College


The Admiralty, the Dominions, and International Maritime Law, 1902-1914

John C. Mitcham, Samford University


Comments: Nicholas Murray, Naval War College
PANEL 1-I

ROOM: RIVERVIEW 4

MILITARY HISTORY IN THE DIGITAL AGE

SMH DIGITAL HISTORY COMMITTEE SPECIAL PRESENTATION
Principles of Digital History: Some Preliminary Thoughts on the Nature and Practice

Erik Villard, Center of Military History


PANEL 1-J

ROOM: RIVERVIEW 6

FROM FREE FRENCH FLYS TO AFGHAN MAYFLYS: CULTURAL CROSS-CURRENTS AND CONFLICTS IN THE U.S. TRAINING OF “OUTSIDER” AIRMEN
Chair: Dan Mortenson, Airpower Research Institute
Royal Air Force and Free French Air Force Flight Training at Maxwell and Gunter Fields during World War II

Robert B. Kane, Air University


Where Did Those Black Pilots Come From?” Five Airfields of Tuskegee during World War II

Daniel L. Haulman, Air Force Historical Research Agency


Training Afghan Air Force Pilots, 2007-2014

Forrest L. Marion, Air Force Historical Research Agency


Comments: Sebastian Cox, Air Historical Branch (RAF), Ministry of Defence (UK)


COFFEE BREAK: 1000-1030
SESSION 2: 1030-1200
PANEL 2-A

ROOM: MONTGOMERY 1

DE-MYSTIFYING THE HIRING PROCESS: THE VIEW FROM THE OTHER SIDE OF THE TABLE: A ROUND TABLE DISCUSSION
Chair: William Allison, Georgia Southern University
Kurt Hackemer, University of South Dakota
Steven Trout, University of South Alabama
Kyle Zelner, University of Southern Mississippi

PANEL 2-B

ROOM: MONTGOMERY 5

MARKETING G.I. JOE: U.S. ARMY PUBLIC RELATIONS IN THE MAD MEN ERA
Chair: Jacqueline E. Whitt, Air War College
Something to Compete with Gunsmoke: “The Big Picture” Television Series and the Mission of Selling a “Modern, Progressive, and Forward Thinking” Army to Cold War America

Jeffrey Crean, Texas A&M University


U.S. Army Training in the Long 1950s: Image and Reality

William Donnelly, Center of Military History


Selling the Atomic Army: The U.S. Army and the Media in the 1950s

Brian McAllister Linn, Texas A&M University


Comments: Lisa Mundey, University of St. Thomas
PANEL 2-C

ROOM: MONTGOMERY 7

POLITICS AND NATIONAL SECURITY POLICY IN THE EARLY AMERICAN REPUBLIC, 1794-1824
Chair: William B. Skelton, University of Wisconsin, Stevens Point
Towards a Federalist Grand Strategy?: Contextualizing the Quasi-War in the Revolutionary Atlantic

Andrew Forney, U.S. Military Academy


Building the American Military Nation: The West Point Mutiny of 1817 and Republican Defense Policy

Jonathan Romaneski, U.S. Military Academy


The Rip-Raps Affair and the Breakdown of National Republican Consensus

Andrew J. B. Fagal, Princeton University


Comments: Samuel J. Watson, U.S. Military Academy
PANEL 2-D

ROOM: MONTGOMERY 9

THE CHALLENGE OF DISSENT—THREE CASE STUDIES
Chair: Nicholas Murray, Naval War College
Emory Upton’s Flip Flop: George B. McClellan, Edwin M. Stanton, and Command of the Army of the Potomac in 1862

David J. Fitzpatrick, Washtenaw Community College


Racism, Machine Guns, and Speaking Truth to Power: Major Malcolm Wheeler Nicholson’s Career-Ending Machine Gun Demonstration

Robert Wettemann, U.S. Air Force Academy


The Price of Candor: The Relief of Major General Terry de La Mesa Allen and the American Way of War

Greg Hospodor, U.S Army Command and General Staff College


Comments: John Hall, University of Wisconsin
PANEL 2-E

ROOM: RIVERVIEW 1

WOMEN AND WAR, 1859-1962
Chair: Ryan Wadle, Air Command and Staff College
The Landesmutter as Nurse: The Influence of Royal Women in German Nursing, 1859-1918

Kara Smith, Middle Georgia State College


Wings to Beauty: Glamorizing the WASP

Alexandra Elias, Syracuse University


You Don’t Mean to Say That’s Still Going?’: Women’s Role in the British Armed Forces, 1945-1962

Julie Fountain, University of Illinois at Chicago


Comments: Michael Allsep, Air Command and Staff College
PANEL 2-F

ROOM: RIVERVIEW 3

NEW PERSPECTIVES ON WORLD WAR II
Chair: Michelle Ewy, Air Command and Staff College
What Is Taught at Benning . . . Is All Wrong”: Discourses on Wartime Learning

Jonathan Beall, Norwich University


When OVERLORD was All-[North] American: The COSSAC Plan for an American and Canadian-Led Assault on Normandy and How First Canadian Army Got the Boot in December 1943

Marc Milner, University of New Brunswick


Comments: David John Ulbrich, Rogers State University
PANEL 2-G

ROOM: RIVERVIEW 5

FIGHTING FAR FROM HOME: TRANSNATIONAL MILITARY VOLUNTEERS AND FOREIGN FIGHTERS
Chair: Jacob Stoil, Colgate University
Treatment and Impact of Foreign Volunteers in Finland during the Second World War

Kristo Karvinen, University of Leeds


Yugoslav and German Foreign Fighters in Palestine, 1948

Nir Arielli, University of Leeds


Rebels and Militias and Terrorists—Oh My!: Failed States and the State We Failed in Libya

Jacob Mundy, Colgate University


Comments: Jacob Stoil, Colgate University
PANEL 2-H

ROOM: RIVERVIEW 7

OBSERVATIONS FROM THE INTERWAR PERIOD
Chair: Christopher Rein, Air Command and Staff College
Ground Zero North America: Canadian and U.S. War Planning during the 1920s and 1930s

Michael Fredrick Rollin, Texas Tech University


Perceptions of the Red Army in the U.S., 1922-1942

Charles P. Clark, Jr., University of Alabama


Assessing Chemical Weapons in the Aftermath of World War I

Thomas Faith, U.S. Department of State


Comments: David Silbey, Cornell University
PANEL 2-I

ROOM: RIVERVIEW 4

IRREGULAR WARFARE AND MODERN CONFLICTS

AN AIR UNIVERSITY STUDENT RESEARCH PANEL
Chair: William T. Dean, Air Command and Staff College
Twenty-First Century Technology and Redefining the “Intimate Kill”

Joseph S. Booker, Jr., Air Command and Staff College


Recent Airpower Approaches to Counterinsurgency Operations

Ryan Typolt, Air Command and Staff College


The Effectiveness of Guerrilla Tactics When Used Against Terrorism

John H. Lindsley, Air Command and Staff College


Detainee Operations and U.S. Air Force Security Forces

Brian Copper, Air Command and Staff College


Comments: Peter J. Schifferle, School of Advanced Military Studies

AWARDS LUNCHEON: 1200-1330
SESSION 3: 1330-1500
PANEL 3-A

ROOM: MONTGOMERY 1

AUTONOMY, EFFECTIVENESS, AND CIVILIAN CONTROL: THE AMERICAN MILITARY’S ATTEMPTS AT SELF-OVERSIGHT, 1815-1973
Chair: Richard H. Kohn, University of North Carolina
A Radical Change of System: The Creation of the Navy Board and Civilian Control in the U.S. Navy

Thomas Sheppard, University of North Carolina


The U.S. Army vs. the Fahy Committee: Implementation of Racial Integration of the Army

Richard Cranford, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College


Autonomy, Capacity and the Publicity Strategy of the U.S. Army, c. 1941-1991

Thomas Crosbie, Yale University


Comments: Lance Betros, Army War College
PANEL 3-B

ROOM: MONTGOMERY 5

DESERT SHIELD AND DESERT STORM: A ROUND TABLE RETROSPECTIVE
Chair: Thomas McCarthy, School of Advanced Air and Space Studies
Steven Kwast, Air University
David Deptula, Center for a New America Security
John Warden, Venturist, Inc.
PANEL 3-C

ROOM: MONTGOMERY 7

WORLD WAR II ON THE EASTERN FRONT
Chair: Adam R. Seipp, Texas A&M University
Drunk with Murder: The Role of Alcohol and Atrocity in the Holocaust

Edward B. Westermann, Texas A&M University-San Antonio


For God and Führer: The Third Reich’s “Holy War” with the Soviet Union

David Harrisville, University of Wisconsin


Soviet Intelligence Efforts Prior to Operation Barbarossa

Steven Czak, U.S. Air Force Academy


Comments: John Curatola, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College
PANEL 3-D

ROOM: MONTGOMERY 9

CONFLICTS IN AFRICA: TRANSFORMATION AND REMEMBRANCE, PART I
Chair: Bruce Vandevort, Virginia Military Institute
De-memorializing the World Wars in Zimbabwe

Tim Stapleton, Trent University


The Cinematic Representation of Thiaroye’s Massacre and its Sociopolitical Development

Panagnimba Parfait Bonkoungou, Auburn University at Montgomery


Remembering Biafra: Memory, Politics, and State-Society Relations in Modern Nigeria

Roy Doron, Winston Salem State University


Out with the Old?: Syncretic Military Practices of the Civil Defense Forces and the Revolutionary United Front in Sierra Leone’s 1991-2002 Civil War

Sarah Westwood, Boston University


Comments: Charles Thomas, Air Command and Staff College
PANEL 3-E

ROOM: RIVERVIEW 1

WORLD WAR II RESCUE AND INTELLIGENCE OPERATIONS
Chair: David J. Lyle, LeMay Center
Collision in Manchuria: Rescue, Intelligence, and the Cold War, August-September 1945

Jonathan Chavanne, Texas A&M University


The Differing Treatment of Downed British, Canadian and American Airmen in Border Towns in Europe

Donna Sinclair, Central Michigan University


Flying High: The U.S. Air Force Security Service and Its Rise to Prominence in the U.S. Intelligence Community

Philip Shackelford, Kent State University


Comments: Paul J. Springer, Air Command and Staff College
PANEL 3-F

ROOM: RIVERVIEW 3

THE MANY SPOILS OF WAR: THE IMPACT OF GENDER AND SEXUALITY ON TWENTIETH CENTURY AMERICAN CONFLICTS ABROAD

Chair: Antulio Echevarria, Army War College
Be Good”: Sexual Tension in American Military Marriages During World War II

Michele Curran Cornell, Kent State University


Protection against the Lust of Men”: Policing Prostitution and Sexual Assault in the Dominican Republic under U.S. Occupation

Micah Wright, Texas A&M University


Crime, Sexuality, Violence, and the Impact of War on Society in South Vietnam, 1965-1969

Amanda Boczar, University of Kentucky


American Service Women & Male and Female Perceptions of Their Roles

James Bowden, Independent Scholar


Comments: Heather Stur, University of Southern Mississippi
PANEL 3-G

ROOM: RIVERVIEW 5

AS THEY CAME MARCHING HOME: THE EXPERIENCE OF RETURNING VETERANS FROM THE CIVIL WAR AND THE GREAT WAR

Chair: Peter Mansoor, Ohio State University
The Hibernation That Wasn’t: Union Veterans Confront the Peace

Brian Matthew Jordan, Gettysburg College


Soldiers from [Great] Wars Returning”: Soldiers, Empire and the Aftermath of the Great War in Britain and the Dominions

Jeffrey Grey, University of New South Wales


Victory in Mourning: How Five Million French Veterans Returned from World War I

Bruno Cabanes, Ohio State University


Comments: Mark Grimsley, Ohio State University
PANEL 3-H

ROOM: RIVERVIEW 7

COMMERCE, DIPLOMACY, AND WAR IN THE EARLY TWENTIETH CENTURY

Chair: Glenn Robins, Georgia Southwestern University
From the Great War to the Great Air Race: Australian Pilot Captain Ross Smith and the Military Foundations of Civil and Commercial Aviation

Edward Woodfin, Converse College/U.S. Air Force Academy


Transformation Arrives: The National Defense Act and Mexican Border Service, 1916-17

William Boehm, National Guard Bureau


Messages from Garcia: Andrew Rowan, Elbert Hubbard, and the Mythography of a Mission

Bruce Cohen, Independent Scholar


Comments: Lon Strauss, Appalachian State University
PANEL 3-I

ROOM: RIVERVIEW 4

CONFLICT AND COMMEMORATION ON THE SMALL SCREEN: A PANEL DISCUSSION ON DOCUMENTARY FILMMAKING AND THE REMEMBRANCE OF WAR
Chair: James Willbanks, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College
Scott L. Reda, Lou Reda Productions
Liz Reph, Lou Reda Productions
Andrew Wiest, University of Southern Mississippi
PANEL 3-J

ROOM: RIVERVIEW 6

TAKING A CLOSER LOOK AT COMBAT MOTIVATION

AN AIR UNIVERSITY STUDENT RESEARCH PANEL
Chair: Michael P. Gray, East Stroudsburg University of Pennsylvania
Animal Companions and Mascots in War: Soldiers’ Culture vs. Official Policy

Christopher DeGuelle, Air War College


Music and Combat Motivation

Sally Maddocks, Air Command and Staff College


Training Through Blood and Fire: Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain’s Leadership Development

John Cuddy, Air Command and Staff College


Comments: David K. Graham, Purdue University

COFFEE BREAK: 1500-1530
SESSION 4: 1530-1700
PANEL 4-A

ROOM: MONTGOMERY 1

NEW EXAMINATIONS OF OLD BATTLES
Chair: Kelly DeVries, Loyola University
The Sum of a Remarkable Career: King Naresuan’s Victorious Elephant Battle

Matthew Kosuta, Mahidol University


Spartan Strategy in Attica, 431-425 BCE

Stephen O’Connor, California State University, Fullerton


They That Were Dead Were Numbered: Just How Violent Was the 100 Years War?

John Lovett, Texas Christian University


Comments: Clifford Rogers, U.S. Military Academy
PANEL 4-B

ROOM: MONTGOMERY 5

LIES, SPIES, AND PROPAGANDA
Chair: Richard DiNardo, Marine Corps Command and Staff College
Why Totalitarian, “Efficient” Nazi Germany’s Intelligence Failed

David Kahn, Independent Scholar


Gray and Black Radio Propaganda Against Nazi Germany

Robert Rowen, New York Military Affairs Symposium


From the Edge Towards the Center: An Artist’s Propaganda War Against Fascism

Kathleen Broome Williams


Comments: Timothy Nenninger, National Archives
PANEL 4-C

ROOM: MONTGOMERY 7

WORLD WAR II AND MEMORIALIZING SACRIFICE
Chair: Richard N. Grippaldi, Rutgers University – New Brunswick
Cult of the Slaughtered Citizen: The Cultural Transformation of Memories of Fallen Soldiers at the Turn of the Twenty-First Century

Jordan Hill, Virginia Tech University


Operation Aphrodite and Strategic Bombardment, 1944-1945

Kevin Hall, Central Michigan University


World War II Narratives, Memory Studies, and Memorials: Shared Authority over “Sites of Memory” in Post-1945 France

Gabriella Hornbeck, West Virginia University


Comments: Alex Bielakowski, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College
PANEL 4-D

ROOM: MONTGOMERY 9

CONFLICTS IN AFRICA: TRANSFORMATION AND REMEMBRANCE, PART II
Chair: Charles Thomas, Air Command and Staff College
From Colony to Mandate: Postwar Governance and Local Meanings in Tanganyika, 1916-1922

Michelle Moyd, Indiana University


If There Is a Place on This Earth to Be Happy, This Is Not It”: Discipline, Control, and Daily Life Through Numbers in Afrique Française Libre

Danielle Sanchez, University of Texas


In the Shadow of the Revolution: Ethnicity, Dual Nationalism and the Union Question in Zanzibar

Barbara Salera and Afia Bella-Bella, Air Command and Staff College


Comments: Bruce Vandevort, Virginia Military Institute
PANEL 4-E

ROOM: RIVERVIEW 1

NEW APPROACHES TO FAMILIAR EVENTS IN 20TH CENTURY WARFARE
Chair: Mary Kathryn Barbier, Mississippi State University
The Falklands War After Thirty Years: Re-Examining the Sinking of the ARA General Belgrano

Kate Tietzen, Kansas State University


Compromising Air Operations: The Casablanca Conference’s Influence on the Friction Between Commands in the Mediterranean Theater and the Combined Bomber Offensive

Luke Truxal, University of North Texas


Neglected Stepchild: Integrating Operation Anvil into the ETO

Cameron Zinsou, Mississippi State University


Comments: Dennis Showalter, Colorado College
PANEL 4-F

ROOM: RIVERVIEW 3

A FEW GOOD WOMEN: GENDER INTEGRATION IN THE UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS, FROM WORLD WAR II TO THE WAR ON TERROR
Chair: Charles Neiemeyer, Marine Corps University
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