The Holocaust in the British Pathe Archive



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The Holocaust in the British Pathe Archive

January 2005 – RBC/British Pathe School Licence


British Pathe news films record the discovery of the concentration camps in 1945 and related events in the years after. 60 years later many of the films still have the power to shock and to reach deep into the emotions. Many images and situations chime with images and reports that are current in the news about human behaviour in war situations.
There are many sequences and images that are harrowing and teachers will have to make their own decisions about how best to introduce them in the classroom.
There are hundreds of stories about the context of the rise of Hitler and the Nazi regime, the Second World War and its aftermath, including many stories about ‘refugees’, ‘displaced persons’, the establishment of Israel, the recovery of Europe and the course of the Cold War.
Search terms

Search for ‘Holocaust’ (7 stories), ‘Nazi atrocities’ (4 stories), ‘German atrocities’ (7 stories), the date 1945, Auschwitz (10 stories), Buchenwald (8 stories) and ‘Russian Atrocities (2 stories). (some stories turn up in more than one category).


Stories include:

  • The Eichmann Trial: excellent sound on this; could be played sound-only to class for discussion before revealing the pictures.

  • The Nuremburg Trial.

  • Former prisoners returning to concentration camps in Poland.

  • Memorial services.

  • The story of a baby who survived Auschwitz and was adopted.

  • There is a story from 1930s about steel production that uses the word ‘holocaust’ to describe the power of the molten metal "Blazing metal - chained power - a holocaust if it ever got loose - "

  • Strange little news story about a Jewish artist making linocuts depicting the atrocities.

  • There are several compilation newsreels from 1945 which help to set the context.

  • Two mute images reels which are touching in their silence.


Some of the stories:

Use the Film ID numbers (in bold) and the advanced search option to locate the films.

Advanced Search link http://www.britishpathe.com/advanced_search.php
Before the Second World War

ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY 09/01/1939 995.06

The Archbishop of Canterbury gives a speech about the persecution of the Jews and Lord Baldwin's fund.


News items from 1944 and 1945

THE HUN ON THE RUN 27/01/1944 1350.11

The Russians advance discovering atrocities committed by the Germans.



( CONCENTRATION CAMP FOOTAGE ) 1945 2837.04

Disturbing footage of liberation of concentration camp - shocking images of dead bodies and survivors. (similar in structure to the famous Richard Dimbleby radio report)



( GERMAN ATROCITIES ) record a 1945 2837.02

Disturbing footage of a concentration camp - shocking images of the piles of belongings of the dead. This item has no sound.



( GERMAN ATROCITIES ) record b 1945 2837.03

Disturbing footage of a concentration camp - shocking images of the piles of belongings of the dead. This item has no sound.



GERMAN ATROCITIES 30/04/1945 1153.17

Germany's crimes are no longer a secret



A DIGEST OF WAR NEWS 16/04/1945 1151.07

Roundup of the latest war news. Women looters fighting over goods; German prisoners being made to view the camps. etc...


Trials

BUCHENWALD TRIAL (aka DACHAU WAR CRIME TRIAL) 2156.12

Accused sit in court at start of Buchenwald Trial (Dachau Detachment War Crimes Group).



NUREMBERG TRIALS 2 1946 2167.06

Trial of Nazis for war crimes in Nuremberg



AFTERMATH OF ATROCITY 04/01/1951 1435.02

World Peace Congress members in Auschwitz & 'Witch of Belsen' on trial again in Germany



ATTORNEY GENERAL OPENS HIS CASE AGAINST ADOLF EICHMANN aka CASE AGAINST EICHMANN OPENED 1961 3042.26

EICHMANN'S CONFESSION IS HEARD IN COURT 1961 3026.08

The Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann confesses in court to his role in the Holocaust

Strong documentary material of Nazi Adolf Eichmann, on trial for war crimes in Jerusalem.
Memorial events

INAUGURATION OF "UNKNOWN JEWISH MARTYR" IN PARIS aka UNKNOWN JEWISH MARTYR MEMORIAL 1956 2564.06

A crowd of over 2000 attended the ceremony to mark the official opening of the memorial



POLISH ANNIVERSARY OF LIBERATION OF AUSCHWITZ aka LIBERATION OF AUSCHWITZ ANNIVERSARY 1955 2684.02

Former prisoners of Auschwitz visit the camp on the tenth anniversary of its liberation, Polish minister Cyrankiewic speaks, a ceremony takes place bringing soil from other concentrations camps



KALEVI CONCENTRATION CAMP MEMORIAL 1961 3024.21

People of Poland hold memorial service at Kalevi Concentration Camp. Also flashbacks of trial.



(MR STEWART IN POLAND) 1965 3138.06

Michael Stewart, British Foreign Secretary, and his wife visit the sites in Poland



MEMORIAL VISITED 23/04/1967 2027.15

Josef Cyrankiewicz unveils a memorial at Auschwitz Concentration Camp. Poland



(THY FAITH HATH MADE THEE WHOLE) 1946 1510.20

Ex-inmates of Nazi concentration camps make a pilgrimage to Lourdes



DUBCEK AT TEREZIN 1969 3005.21

Alexander Dubcek speaks at Terezin Prison, Czechoslovakia


News Reviews

TIME TO REMEMBER - THE END AND THE BEGINNING ( 1945 ) - reel 3 1944 - 1945 2253.07

Documentary film about the last months of WWII - end of fighting in Europe and Far East.



1945 - YOU WERE THERE WHEN HISTORY WAS MADE 27/12/1945 1173.19

Review of the year 1945



WEST FRONT WAR REPORT 23/04/1945 1151.16

News from Western Europe.



BERLIN WALL 1971 3065.03

Interesting depiction's of post-war Germany in documentary about the Berlin Wall



END OF FUEHRERS (aka NUREMBERG VERDICT or END OF FUHRERS) 03/10/1946 1410.27

Retrospective look at Nazi atrocities marks end of Nuremberg Trials, mainly library footage


Other ...

AUSCHWITZ BABY GETS SECOND CHANCE AFTER LIBERATION-KIEV 1965 3110.13

Touching story of an Auschwitz baby adopted



JEWISH CHILDREN ON WAY TO PALESTINE 2329.14

Jewish child immigrants stop at Prague for refreshments on their way to Palestine



LINO CUTS OF NAZI CRIMES 22/01/1962 1709.19

Jewish artist Hermann Fechenbach does lino cuts of Nazi war crimes to illustrate German book.



(STEEL AGE) 19/05/1930 898.03

Various shots of men at work in a foundry. Uses the word ‘holocaust’.


A Few Websites

www.holocaustmemorialday.gov.uk Holocaust Memorial Day

www.auschwitz-museum.oswiecim.pl Auschwitz-Birkenau Museum

www.learningcurve.gov.uk Like the British Pathe archive the National Archives Learning Curve is available through the National Education Network.

www.ushmm.org US Memorial Museum
Contact us

If you find any other items in the British Pathe Archive that are relevant to the ‘Holocaust’ please let us know. rbcpathe@dial,pipex.com Thank you.


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