The Hard Life of Soldiers



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Name__________________________________________ Date______________


7th Grade Social Studies Period ____________
Chapter 15 / Section 4

The Civil War: Hardships of War



The Hard Life of Soldiers:
1. Describe the hardships soldiers faced in terms of:

  • Camp life and combat: _____________________________________________________
    ________________________________________________________________________
    ________________________________________________________________________

  • New weapons technology: __________________________________________________
    ________________________________________________________________________

  • Medical care: ____________________________________________________________
    ________________________________________________________________________
    ________________________________________________________________________

  • Prisoner-of-War camps: ____________________________________________________
    ________________________________________________________________________


Discontent in the North:
2. Who were the Copperheads? ___________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
3. Under the draft law of 1863, who was required to serve in the military? How could a man

avoid the draft? ______________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________
4. Why did the draft law lead to riots in many northern cities? Who were the victims of these

riots? _______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________


5. What is habeas corpus? Why did Lincoln suspend the right of habeas corpus several times

during the war? ______________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________


Problems in the South:
6. What problems did President Jefferson Davis face in forming a strong federal government for

the Confederacy? ____________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________


7. What problems did the Confederacy face in finding enough soldiers for its army? How did

its government deal with these problems? _________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________



The Northern Economy:
8. What three measures did the U.S. Congress take to pay for the war?

  • ________________________________________________________________________

  • ________________________________________________________________________

  • ________________________________________________________________________

9. What is inflation? Why did the North experience inflation during the war? _____________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________



The Southern Economy:
10. What three measures did the Confederacy take to pay for the war?

  • ________________________________________________________________________

  • ________________________________________________________________________

  • ________________________________________________________________________

11. Why did the South experience such terrible inflation? _______________________________

______________________________________________________________________________
12. How did the war damage the Southern cotton trade? ________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________
13. In what ways did the Union blockade of Southern ports hurt both the Confederate army and

civilians? __________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________



Women at War:
14. What roles did Northern and Southern women play in terms of:

  • Taking on certain jobs - ____________________________________________________

  • Assisting the military - ____________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________



  • Caring for wounded soldiers - _______________________________________________


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