The Halifax Explosion Date: December 6, 1917 Location: Halifax, Nova Scotia Cause of the Explosion



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The Halifax Explosion

Date: December 6, 1917 Location: Halifax, Nova Scotia
Cause of the Explosion: _______________________
Background to the Halifax Explosion: In 1917, Halifax, Nova Scotia was the _______________of the new Canadian Navy and housed the most important army garrison in Canada. The port was a ________________ of wartime activity and Halifax Harbour was crowded with warships, troop transports and supply ships.
Casualties: more than 1900 people killed; 9000 injured; 1600 buildings destroyed; 12,000 houses damaged; 6000 homeless; 25,000 people with inadequate housing
Summary of the Explosion:

  • The _________ relief vessel _______ was leaving Halifax Harbour on its way to New York and the _________ munitions ship _______________ was on its way to wait for a convoy when the two ships collided at 8:45 am.

  • The munitions ship was carrying picric acid, gun cotton and __________. Her top deck carried benzol which spilled and burned.

  • For 20 minutes crowds collected around Halifax Harbour to watch the billowing smoke filled with sparks and fire as the Mont Blanc drifted towards Pier 6. While crews from nearby ships raced to put out the blaze, the captain and crew of the Mont Blanc rowed in lifeboats for the Dartmouth shore. When the crew landed __________________________________________.

  • The ______________________, flattening everything within 800 metres (2600 feet), and causing damage for 1.6 km. The explosion was said to have been heard as far away as Prince Edward Island.

  • Water around the ship vaporized, a huge tsunami wave flooded the streets of Halifax and Dartmouth and ___________________________ back into the harbour where they drowned.

  • The next day, one of the worst ____________ ever recorded in Halifax began, and lasted for _________ days.

  • Relief came immediately from the troops in the area. Assistance also poured in from the Maritimes, central Canada and the northeastern United States in the form of medical supplies and workers, food, clothing, building supplies and labourers, and money. Emergency teams from Massachusetts arrived, and many stayed for months. To this day, the people of Nova Scotia remember the help they received, and every year the __________________________ sends a giant Christmas tree to _____________in thanks.


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