“The Great Father” Engraving
CW 6F: Andrew Jackson and Indian Removal
Staple on page: 152.
The Indian Removal Act was signed into law by Andrew Jackson in, 1830, authorizing the president to grant unsettled lands west of the Mississippi in exchange for Indian lands. Some tribes went peacefully, but many resisted. During the winter of 1838 and 1839, Cherokees were forcibly moved west by the U.S. government.
Assignment: Congratulations you have been commissioned to create two pieces of artwork to represent Native Americans during Indian Removal. For your first piece of artwork, create a “painting” that uses the reading below to depict the Native Americans moving west on the Trail of Tears. In your drawing, number at least five aspects in the drawing that came from the reading. (pg. 150)
For your second piece of artwork, create a “drawing” that uses the reading at the bottom of the page to depict Andrew Jackson as a father figure for moving the Native Americans. In your painting, number at least five aspects in the drawing that came from the reading. (pg. 151)
Native Americans on the Trail of Tears:
In 1830 Jackson pushed a new piece of legislation called the "Indian Removal Act" through both houses of Congress. It gave the president power to negotiate removal treaties with Indian tribes living east of the Mississippi. Under these treaties, the Indians were to give up lands east of the Mississippi in exchange for lands to the west. Those wishing to remain would become citizens of their home state.
By removing the Native Americans, it’ll place a civilized population (Americans) in large areas of country now occupied by a few savage hunters. By opening the whole territory between Tennessee and Louisiana to the whites it will strengthen the frontier and render it strong enough to repel future invasions. It will relieve the whole State of Mississippi and the western part of Alabama of Indian occupancy, and enable those States to advance rapidly in population, wealth, and power.
In 1838 and 1839, as part of Andrew Jackson's Indian removal policy, the Cherokee nation was forced to give up its lands east of the Mississippi River. The Cherokee people called this journey the "Trail of Tears," because of its devastating effects. The migrants faced hunger, disease, and exhaustion on the forced march. Over 4,000 out of 15,000 of the Cherokees died.
Andrew Jackson on Indian Removal:
Jackson's attitude toward Native Americans was protective like a parent -- he described them as children in need of guidance and believed the removal policy was beneficial to them. Removal would save Indian people from the attacks of whites, and would resettle them in an area where they could govern themselves.
President Andrew Jackson supported the Indian Removal Act. One reason was for the prevention of conflict. With the Native Americans and U.S. government so close together, conflict was inevitable. Another reason in support of Jackson’s actions was that he cared about the Native Americans: “It will separate the Indians from immediate contact with settlements of whites; free them from the power of the States; enable them to pursue happiness in their own way and under their own rude institutions” (“Andrew Jackson’s Second Annual Message to Congress”). According to this statement, he wanted the Native Americans to pursue happiness on their own and in their own way.