The great depression exam study guide



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THE GREAT DEPRESSION EXAM STUDY GUIDE






Glass-Steagall Act




Fair Labor Standards Act




National Housing Act




Works Progress Administration




Public Works Administration




American Liberty League




Securities Act




Civil Works Administration




Social Security Act




Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation





Civilian Conservation Corps




fireside chats




National Industrial Recovery Act




Federal Emergency Relief Administration




Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation


Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)


Social Security Act (SSA)
Homeowners Loan Corporation (HOLC)
Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)
Works Progress Administration (WPA)
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)
Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA)
Public Works Administration (PWA)
Civil Works Administration (CWA)
National Labor Relations Act (NLRA)
National Youth Administration (NYA)

What created the impression that Roosevelt was trying to interfere with the Constitution’s separation of powers and undermine the Court’s independence?





















































October 29, 1929, the day when stock prices took the steepest dive of that time, is known as



























Thousands of World War I veterans came to Washington in 1932 to lobby Congress to



























President Hoover opposed direct federal relief to the unemployed because he believed that



























Most economists agree that a key cause of the Depression was



























Daytime radio dramas were sponsored by makers of laundry soap and nicknamed



























The Public Works Administration was created as a federal relief agency to put back to work the unemployed in the



























Many families on the Great Plains packed their belongings into old cars or trucks and headed west, hoping for a better life in



























President Hoover hoped that public works would



























The Home Owners’ Loan Corporation



























Beginning in 1932, America’s pastures and wheat fields from the Dakotas to Texas became a vast



























For some banks, the losses they suffered in the crash were more than they could absorb and they were forced to



























Although they disagreed on specifics, Roosevelt’s advisers favored government



























What did the series of programs and reforms that Roosevelt launched in 1935 come to be called?



























Perhaps no group of Americans had been as badly hurt by the Depression as had the nation’s



























What was the period called between March 9 and June 16, 1933, when Congress passed 15 major acts to meet the economic crisis?



























When the Senate voted the new bonus bill down, many veterans waiting outside the capitol building


























The Dust Bowl occurred because plowed land was left uncultivated and there was a terrible



























A major reason for Herbert Hoover’s landslide victory in the 1928 election was



























Franklin Roosevelt’s “court-packing plan” was a serious mistake because



























To regulate the stock market, the Roosevelt Administration created the



























Hoover believed that only state and city governments should dole out



























The stock market crash weakened the nation’s banks because





















The Glass-Steagall Act separated commercial banking from

























The National Industrial Recovery Act set up



























The Emergency Banking Relief Act helped solve the banking crisis by





















To fight the Depression, Roosevelt believed the first thing to do was to



























In 1932 farmers on the Great Plains began to lose their crops because



























The Agricultural Adjustment Administration tried to help farmers by



























Alfred E. Smith endured a smear campaign in the 1928 election because he was



























The National Credit Corporation tried to rescue troubled banks using



























In order to protect loans made by stockbrokers to investors who bought stocks on margin, brokers could issue a



























Perhaps the most serious threat to President Roosevelt from the left came from Democratic senator





















































What severely dampened commerce on both sides of the Atlantic and intensified the Depression in the United States?





















































A process whereby dissatisfied union members could take their complaints to a neutral party who would listen to both sides and decide the issue is called



























Senator Huey Long wanted the government to


























The Agricultural Adjustment Act that Roosevelt asked Congress to pass was based on the idea that prices for farm goods were low because farmers grew too ____________________ food.


After he served as assistant secretary of the navy, Franklin Roosevelt caught the paralyzing disease ____________________, which left him with little use of his legs.
Buying on a 10% margin, investors could buy stock worth ____________________ with $1,000 of their own money.
Perhaps the most important result of the New Deal was a noticeable change in the ____________________ of the American people.
The Hawley-Smoot Tariff was meant to protect American manufacturers from ____________________ competition, but it damaged American sales abroad.
To pay for New Deal programs, Roosevelt abandoned a balanced budget and began using _____________________ spending.
. During the Depression, people who moved around the country by slipping into open boxcars on freight trains for a ride were called _____________________.
Newly homeless people put up communities of shacks that they called "____________________," blaming the president for their plight.
During the Depression, charities set up ____________________ to give poor people a meal.
Franklin Roosevelt's policies for ending the Depression became known as the ____________________.
At the time of the stock market crash, the ____________________ did not insure bank deposits, so customers lost their savings if a bank collapsed.
Roosevelt's programs had succeeded in creating something of a ____________________ net for average Americans—safeguards and relief programs that protected them against economic disaster.
A long period of rising stock prices is known as a ____________________.
The great stock market crash occurred in the year ____________________.


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