The Gilded Age: Part 1 Part A: Short Answer: Instructions



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The Gilded Age: Part 1

Part A: Short Answer: Instructions: Answer the Questions below




1. What was a “kickback”? Why did many feel that it was a corrupt, immoral practice?

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2. What were political machines? How did they function? Did

they have a positive or negative impact on society?

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3. What was the Boss Tweed Scandal? What happened to Boss Tweed after the scandal?

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Part B: Fill in the blank: Instructions: Choose a word from the word bank below to complete the sentences.


Gilded, boss, precinct, factories, immigrants, monopolies, Populist, Conkling,

Rutherford, reelected, graft, Reconstruction, Ward, Tweed, Twain



1. The era of the 1870s and 1890s is often referred to as the ___________________ Age.

2. In the late 1800s, many __________________ had health hazards inside.

3. If an elected leader was illegally using his office for personal gain, that leader would practicing the immoral practice of _____________.

4. At the bottom of the Political Machine ranking would be the local __________________ workers.

5. The goal of the Mayor in the Political Machine was to be _____________________.

6. Many City Bosses were either _______________________ or close descendants of families who relocated to the USA.

7. Mark ____________________ coined the phrase, “The Gilded Age.”

8. While many City Bosses were corrupt, some used their power for good, such as Roscoe ____________________.


ANSWERS: The Gilded Age: Part 1

Part A: Short Answer: Instructions: Answer the Questions below




1. What was a “kickback”? Why did many feel that it was a corrupt, immoral practice?

A kickback was an illegal practice performed by city leaders, such as mayors. In this process, they city leader would lie and overcharge for a city project. Then, the contractor would “kickback” a portion of the profit to the city leader. Many felt this was immoral because the city leader was literally stealing money from the tax payers.

2. What were political machines? How did they function? Did

they have a positive or negative impact on society?



Political Machines were the process in which mayors conducted their political strategies to stay in power. The City Boss, the mayor, would be in charge of ward bosses, who were in charge of local prescient workers. The goal was to provide services to the constituency to remain in office. Many political machines were corrupt, while others used their power for good.







3. What was the Boss Tweed Scandal? What happened to Boss Tweed after the scandal?

Boss Tweed as mayor of New York. He overcharged to build a court house and took a kickback from the profits. He was sentenced to 12 years in prison, but escaped. He was eventually found in Europe and rearrested. Tweed is a prime example of how the Political Machines could be corrupt.


Part B: Fill in the blank: Instructions: Choose a word from the word bank below to complete the sentences.


Gilded, boss, precinct, factories, immigrants, monopolies, Populist, Conkling,

Rutherford, reelected, graft, Reconstruction, Ward, Tweed, Twain



1. The era of the 1870s and 1890s is often referred to as the Gilded Age.

2. In the late 1800s, many factories had health hazards inside.

3. If an elected leader was illegally using his office for personal gain, that leader would practicing the immoral practice of graft.

4. At the bottom of the Political Machine ranking would be the local prescient workers.

5. The goal of the Mayor in the Political Machine was to be reelected.

6. Many City Bosses were either immigrants or close descendants of families who relocated to the USA.

7. Mark Twain coined the phrase, “The Gilded Age.”

8. While many City Bosses were corrupt, some used their power for good, such as Roscoe Conkling.




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