Kataura Hachirô. Device. Azure, two carpenter's squares angles to chief short arms crossed in saltire all within an annulet argent.
Kataura Kagehira. Name and device. Vert, a dragonfly bendwise within a hexagon voided argent.
Kate Galleghure. Name (see RETURNS for device).
Submitted as Kate Gallagher, the submitter requested authenticity for Anglicized Irish and allowed any changes. Gallagher was documented as a modern Anglicized Irish surname found in MacLysaght (s.n. Gallagher). Woulfe (p. 538 s.n. Ó Gallchobhair) lists O Galleghure as an Anglicized Irish surname dated to temp. Elizabeth I-James I. It was not unusual for women's bynames to omit the particle O in Anglicized Irish forms. Therefore, we have changed this byname to Galleghure, based on the period example from Woulfe, in order to partially meet the submitter's request for authenticity and to register this name.
The LoI documented Kate as an English name found in "Withycombe, s.n. 'Katharine, et. al.', [which] dates 'Kate' from The Coventry Mysteries, 15th century" and says that:
Ó Corrain and Maguire, s.n. "Caiterína", notes Caterína was well-known in 15th C. in Ireland, and that pet forms included 'Cáit'. We believe this would have been anglicized to 'Kate'.
However, Ó Corráin & Maguire (s.n. Caiterina) does not give a date for the diminutive Cait and no evidence has been found of Cait as a period diminutive. Therefore, while Kate is registerable as an English feminine given name, it is not authentic for an Anglicized Irish form of a Gaelic name.
Katelin McDaveyd. Name and device. Sable, in fess three swords and on a chief argent three falcons sable.
Submitted as Katelin McDevit, McDevit was submitted as an Anglicized Irish surname based on the modern Anglicized Irish forms (Mac) Davitt and (Mac) Devitt found in MacLysaght (s.n. MacDaid). No evidence was found that McDevit is a plausible period form of this name. Woulfe (p. 348 s.n. Mac Daibhéid) dates the Anglicized Irish forms M'Daveyd and M'Deyt to temp. Elizabeth I-James I. Based on the period example M'Daveyd, we have changed the byname to McDaveyd, a plausible period form, in order to register this name.
Kateline Conteville. Name and device. Purpure, a dragon couchant within an orle argent.
The dragon was originally blazoned with its wings elevated and inverted, which is a contradiction in terms. The wings are addorsed, which is the default for a winged quadruped couchant. In the past, we have sometimes blazoned wings as either elevated (wingtips to chief) or inverted (wingtips to base), but the distinction between elevated and inverted is not a period heraldic difference but a mere artistic choice. This is most apparent in displayed eagles, as noted in the LoAR of August 2001, "An examination of the development of the various heraldic eagles shows that the direction of the wingtips of a displayed eagle is entirely a matter of artistic license. To avoid incorrectly limiting the submitter's ability to display the arms in reasonable period variants, we will no longer specify 'elevated' and 'inverted' when blazoning displayed birds."
The winged quadrupedal monsters, such as griffins and dragons, appear to follow the same pattern as birds. We therefore will not distinguish elevated and inverted wingtips when posturing those monsters.
Kirsten Weisel and Jerrolt Bäschler. Joint badge. Per pale azure and ermine, two weasels rampant addorsed their tails entwined counterchanged.
Please advise the submitter not to draw the thistles so that they obscure the rayonny line of partition.
Kusunoki Akitada. Name.
Laurencia MacLeod. Name.
Magnus of the East. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Gules, on a chevron argent two axes in chevron heads to center sable and in base a tankard Or.
Submitted under the name Magnus Haakonssen.
Margaret of Highbridge. Name.
Maria Alegreza Nicoletti. Alternate name Molle Blythe (see RETURNS for device).
Submitted as Molly Blythe, no evidence was found of the form Molly in period. However, Metron Ariston found support for the form Molle:
While Molly is not dated, Molle is well attested with Reaney and Wilson (Dictionary of English Surnames, s.n. Moll) citing Walterus filius Molle from 1203 and Molle litel from 1277 as well as Alan Molle and Adam Molle from 1250.
As the submitter allows any changes, we have changed the given name to the period form Molle in order to register this name.
Marion of Preston. Device. Erminois, a bordure azure semy of cinquefoils argent.
Merlyn von Bremen. Name.
Michael the Unsure. Name and badge. (Fieldless) On a tower argent three gunstones in pale.
Michal Almond de Champagne. Badge. (Fieldless) A fleur-de-lis per pale argent and sable.
Milissent de Haithwait. Name.
Listed on the LoI as MilissentHeathwait, this name was submitted as Milissent du Heathwait. The article du was removed at Kingdom as none of the documented examples of this byname contained an article.
An additional problem with the submitted byname du Heathwait was that it combined the French du 'of the' with Heathwait, which was documented as the modern English form of a location in England. The combination of French and English in a single name phrase violates RfS III.1.a, which requires linguistic consistency within a name phrase.
No evidence was found that an Hea- spelling of this placename is plausible in period. A number of forms of this placename were found dated to period, including in Ekwall (s.n. Heathwaite), which dates the form Haithwait to c. 1175. We have changed this byname to the English form de Haithwait in order to resolve these issues and to make this name sound more like the submitted form (as the submitter indicated that sound was most important).
Muirgheal Mag Raith. Device change. Chevronelly azure and Or crusilly formy azure.
Her previous device, Per bend and per bend sinister wavy Azure and Or ermined azure, a pile inverted bendwise counterchanged, is released.
Murienne Duquette. Name and device. Per pale Or and gules, two dragons combattant counterchanged.
Note: Duquette is her legal surname.
This is clear under RfS X.2 from both Cassandra of Kingswear, Per pale Or and gules, two winged stags combattant counterchangedand Ysabeau Cameron, Per pale Or and Gules, two hippogriffs combatant counterchanged. Per the LoAR of July 2001, "There is a substantial difference between a dragon and a griffin." Dragons are at least as different from winged stags and hippogriffs as they are from griffins.
Nest verch Tangwistel. Device. Per pale embattled azure and Or, an arrow azure.
Niccolo da Palermo. Name and device. Argent, three bendlets gules and in sinister chief a unicorn's head couped sable.
Padraig Ó Taidg. Name and device (see RETURNS for badge). Azure, a double tressure argent.
Submitted as Padraig Ó Taidc, the submitter allowed minor changes to the byname only. The submitted byname Ó Taidc combines Ó, which is an Early Modern Irish Gaelic (c. 1200 to c. 1700) form, with Taidc, which is a Middle Irish Gaelic (c. 900 to c. 1200) form. As a result, this byname violated RfS III.1.a, which requires linguistic consistency within a name phrase. We have changed this byname to the fully Early Modern Irish Gaelic form Ó Taidg in order to register this name.
Pekka Karvulakki. Name and device. Per saltire gules and Or, a raven contourny within a bordure sable.
Perote Campbell. Name and device. Per bend vert and azure, a ram's head erased contourny and a hedgehog rampant Or.
Rauve Griffon de Lauraët. Name (see RETURNS for device).
Rhiannon verch Tegan Glascoed. Badge. (Fieldless) A cat rampant surmounted in saltire by a shepherd's crook bendwise sinister azure.
Robert Tirel de Wachefel. Name (see RETURNS for device).
Submitted as Robert Tyrrell de Wachefel, the submitter requested authenticity for "English circa the Domesday Book" and allowed any changes.
Reaney & Wilson (s.n. Tirrell) date Walter Tirel to 1086, citing the source for this name as the Domesday Book. We have changed this name to use the form Tirel in order to partially meet the submitter's request for authenticity. As the College did not find a form of the placename Wakefield from the time of the Domesday Book, we were unable to make this name completely authentic for the submitter's desired time period.
Rosa da Murano. Device. Paly wavy argent and azure, four roses two and two Or.
Rosa da Murano. Badge. (Fieldless) An axe fesswise Or hafted proper.
Salia d'Angleterre. Name and device. Quarterly azure and gules, a dragon segreant within an orle argent.
Seaan O'Hagan. Name and device. Argent, on a single-horned anvil sable a pheon argent and on a chief sable three trilliums inverted argent.
Sion ap Llywelyn. Name and device. Azure, on a chevron between three gouttes argent a drakkar azure.
Sláine Scriptore. Name and device. Per pale sable and vert, in pale a skull and a war hammer fesswise Or.
Su'ad al-Raqqasah. Name and device. Argent, on a chevron ployé throughout between three lotus blossoms in profile azure three decrescents argent.
Sylvia du Vey. Name and device. Per pale purpure and vert, a horse passant contourny and on a chief argent an arrow inverted bendwise sinister between two fleurs-de-lys inverted purpure.
Listed on the LoI as Sylvia le Vey, this name was submitted as Sylvia du Vey. The byname was changed at kingdom to match the documented placename Le Vey, as they could not find documentation for the byname du Vey. However, the locative byname derived from the place Le Vey would be du Vey. We have therefore returned this to the submitted form.
Tairdelbach hua Ruaircc. Name and device. Pily bendy argent and sable, a sword inverted gules.
Submitted as Tairdelbach Ó Ruairc, the submitter requested authenticity for 11th C Irish Gaelic. The submitted byname Ó Ruairc is an Early Modern Irish Gaelic (c. 1200 to c. 1700) form. The corresponding Middle Irish Gaelic (c. 900 to c. 1200) form is hua Ruaircc. We have changed the byname to this form to meet the submitter's request for authenticity.
This device does not conflict with Pádraig Ó Riain, Or, a sword inverted gules between two pallets dancetty vert. The commenter raising this issue surmised that, perhaps, armory using two pallets was interchangeable with a paly field - if so, Pádraig's device would be heraldically interchangeable with Paly dancetty Or and vert, a sword inverted gules. However, this is not the case, since armory with only two pallets is not interchangeable with a paly field:
Armory using three or more pallets is interchangeable with paly on visual grounds and on grounds of historical heraldic difference. Armory using two pallets is visually distinct from paly, and evidence was neither presented nor found that paly and two pallets should be considered artistic variants of each other in period. (LoAR of May 2002)
The reader interested in the general interchangeability of three or more diminutives of ordinaries multiply divided fields should also reference the LoAR of February 2002 (for the interchangeability of paly and three or more pallets, and the interchangeability of barry and three or more bars), and the LoAR of November 2001 (for the interchangeability of chevronelly and three or more chevronels).
Thus, when comparing this submission with Pádraig's, there is one CD for changing the field (from Or to Pily bendy argent and sable) and a second CD for removing the secondary charge group of pallets dancetty vert.