|The Federalist Papers
A collection of 85 essays written to promote the ratification of the United States Constitution.
A 1787 version of a modern-day public relations/media campaign.
Written to _______________________________the voters of _______________________________.
= Both states were split on opinions of the Constitution.
= If either state voted against the Constitution, other states were sure to follow.
= Combined the efforts of ________________________________________________
+ Wanted to explain and defend the Constitution.
+ Hamilton wrote _______, Madison _______, and Jay _______.
II. Key Ideas
Did not want an _______________________________________________(Britain) or the ________________________________________________________(Articles of Confederation).
A new _________________________________________between the central government and the states was possible.
Had never existed before in history, so the Founding Fathers were trying
_______________________as a respected nation required one thing:
First time a government used in its political literature the ideals of Locke and Montesquieu as a way of__________________________________
Use of a _______________ legislature to check the power of each house.
Establishment of _______________ judicial, executive, and legislative branches.
Madison stated that “_______________________________________.”
C. Human Nature, Government, and Individual Rights
1. Took a realistic view of human nature.
Man at his best was______________________________________________________________.
Man is also _____________________________________________________________________.
Government must have the ability to control the governed and itself.
One of the most influential of all the Federalist essays
Madison wanted to break the control and violence caused by political
Passions or special interests that are united and politically active can have an adverse effect on society and _______________________________________________________________.
Can divide the country along_________________________________________________.
It is the job of the government to prevent any faction from imposing its will against that of the general public.
Unworthy leaders will have difficulty winning if the ________________________________________________________________________.
An Excerpt of Federalist No. 10 Guided Reading Activity
The public relations advertisement promoting support of the Constitution
James Madison, author, November 22, 1787
A republic, by which I mean a government in which the scheme of representation takes place, opens a different prospect and promises the cure for which we are seeking. Let us examine the points in which it varies from pure democracy, and we shall comprehend both the nature of the cure and the efficacy which it must derive from the Union.
Which forms of government is Madison going to compare and contrast?
A republic and a pure democracy (direct democracy)
The two great points of difference between a democracy and a republic are: first, the delegation [size] of the government, in the latter [republic],to a small number of citizens elected by the rest; secondly, the greater number of citizens and greater sphere of country over which the latter
[republic] may be extended.
From information provided in this essay, List 2 positive things about a republic?
A) the size of government would be smaller (more manageable)
B) a greater area of opinions (greater sphere) would be included
The effect of the first difference is, on the one hand, to refine and enlarge the public views by passing them through the medium of a chosen body of citizens, whose wisdom may best discern the true interest of their country and whose patriotism and love of justice will be least likely to sacrifice it to temporary or partial considerations.
What are the 2 reasons elected representatives are better than a democracy?
representatives would be smarter (more wisdom) when it comes to matters of interest of the country
B) the representatives would put the country’s interest first above there own
Under such a regulation, it may well happen that the public voice, pronounced by the
representatives of the people, will be more consonant (agreeing)to the public good, than if pronounced by the people themselves, convened for the purpose.
According to Madison, who has a better idea of what “the people” want, Representatives of the people OR the people themselves? (CIRCLE ONE)
In the first place it is to be remarked that however small the Republic may be, the
Representatives must be raised to a certain number, in order to guard against the cabals (secret political clique) of a few; and that however large it may be, they must be limited to a certain number, in order to guard against the confusion of a multitude.
Is it possible to have as many representatives as people, if the government wants to prevent abuse of power? Yes or No
Why must the number of representatives be limited?
To protect the government from having disorder or confusion (tumult---LOF term)
In the next place, as each representative will be chosen by a greater number of citizens in the large than in the small republic, it will be more difficult for unworthy candidates to practice with success the vicious arts by which elections are too often carried; and the suffrages of the people being more free, will be more likely to center on men who possess the most attractive merit and the most diffusive and established characters.
Which kind of republic will provide a more attractive and hard-working political candidate?
Small Republic or Large Republic
The other point of difference is the greater number of citizens and extent of territory which may be brought within the compass of republican than of democratic government; Extend the sphere and you take in a greater variety of parties and interests; you make it less probable that a majority of the whole will have a common motive to invade the rights of other citizens; or if such a common motive exists, it will be more difficult for all who feel it to discover their own strength and to act in unison with each other.
What does “extend the sphere” mean?
A bigger area, more territory = more people having a say
According to Madison, why is “extending the sphere” important in a republic?
Groups will HAVE to work together……small groups won’t be able to conspire to achieve their own desires
Hence, it clearly appears that the same advantage which a republic has over a democracy in controlling the effects of faction (a small, organized group that disagrees with the majority) is enjoyed by a large over a small republic-is enjoyed by the Union over the States composing it. The influence of factious (conflicting/divided) leaders may kindle a flame within their particular States but will be unable to spread a general conflagration (a destructive fire that threatens human life) through the other States.
Does Madison want a strong central government or keep the confederacy of the Articles of Confederation? (CIRCLE ONE)
Underline the evidence in the text that supports what you circled in the above question.