The exploration of north america



Download 31.15 Kb.
Date conversion15.05.2016
Size31.15 Kb.
THE EXPLORATION OF NORTH AMERICA

Why would you explore a new world?




EXPLORATION

To _____________to a region previously ________________ to _____________ about its ____________ and ___________________

EARLY WORLD EXPLORATIONS

Leif Erickson, _____________ – New Found land

____________ & the Spice Trade – _____________

________________ Admiral Zheng He & the Ming “Treasure Fleet” – _______________

Nicolo, Maffeo, & ____________ ___________, 1271 - ____________

Expansion becomes a _________ ______________ - monarchs (royals) had the ______________& the ________________.

____________ seaworthy __________




15TH CENTURY: THE SETTING

______________ - by-pass middle men to get to Asia.

Renaissance - _____________ about other __________ and peoples.

______________ - refugees & ________________ (Crusades)

Spanish ___________________ (Conquistadors)

__________- of the Nation-State: Monarchs seeking _______ _____________ of ________________.

_________________ ___________ - (ships and printing press)



NEW MARITIME TECHNOLOGIES

Because of _____________ in ____________________ and map-making, Europeans began _______________ navigating the __________ ___________.

Examples: Hartman Astrolabe (1532), _____________’s Compass, _____________, Better ____________, Caravel, Wheel lock



MERCANTILISM


A countries ___________ depends on ______________.$$$$

More ______________ equals more ______________!

_______________ of _____________- Exports vs. Imports


CAPITALISM


_______________ system based on _____________ ownership and investment of resources to make more ___________

CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS

Landed in October ___________ at Caribbean Island he named San Salvador & thought that he had landed in ____________!

For _______________ Europeans had seen the ___________ as a ________________ -Columbus changed that.




COLUMBIAN EXCHANGE

Exploration led to an _____________ ______________ of people, __________, animals, _________________ and ___________ that would _____________ the lives of people in _________, ______________, the ________________ and ________________.


How would your diet be different without the exchange of food across the continents?




AMERICA’S TO EUROPE, AFRICA, AND ASIA

Sweet potato, ______________, peppers, ____________, tomato, ___________, pineapple, ________________

EUROPE, AFRICA, AND ASIA TO AMERICA

Citrus fruit, ___________, bananas, ____________, honeybee, ___________, cow, ___________, sheep, wheat, ___________, oats, coffee, small pox

What was positive about the Columbian Exchange?




What was negative about the Columbian Exchange?




ECONOMIC REVOLUTION

Spurred ______________ of _____________

Many ______________ became very ________________

Most people still lived in ___________ areas (farms)

Mainly only ____________ and merchants gained _____________ _____________

__________________ started to create national ______________

Effects of __________________?!




What does the painting tell you about the effects of the Columbian Exchange on the European diet?




What effect did the Columbian Exchange have on Native American population?




Why is the Columbian Exchange considered one of the largest turning points in history?




AMERIGO VESPUCCI

_____________from Italy in 1497 and called America a “_______ ___________”

A German _____________ in 1507 named New World “_____________”.




SPANISH MOTIVATION

3 G’s


____________ – Natural Resource, Economic _______________

__________ – _________________ to Native Americans

___________ – Make Spain more ____________________ than others


Why would Spain and Portugal ask the Pope to resolve the conflict?




TREATY OF TORDESILLAS

______________- Pope Alexander VI

_____________ and _________________

All un-Christian lands _____________ of Brazil to Spain and ___________ to Portugal

That is why __________ is a Portuguese _______________ country NOT _________________




SPANISH

Spanish colonizers _________________ the Native Americans they conquered and used their labor to __________, ___________ and ___________ _____________.

Spain ______________its colonies with a ________ _________, allowing _____ _________________ govt., ____ free trade, _____ freedom of ______________.

They ________________ and eventually ______________ land in present-day ______________, ______________United States, ____________, and the islands in the Caribbean.

Spain was the most _______________ nation on earth in the early ________’s. Because of the Spanish Armada (Spain’s fleet of __________ ___________), _____ other European nations could cross the ___________ _____________ to _____________ the _________ _____________.




….UNTIL….

In 1588, ____________ ______________ the Spanish Armada. This meant that other European ____________ could now ___________ and __________ ______________ in the __________ _____________.


FRENCH

3 F’s


The French explored North America for these reasons:

1. ____________ – natural __________________

2. _____________ – to sell in Europe for _____________

3. ___________________with the Natives to encourage _____________







Problems: New France _________________to attract large numbers of __________________ from Europe. The ___________ ____________ discouraged _______________. ______________ grants were only given to the ________________ who then _______________ out the land to farmers.

Success: The French were more ______________ in ________ trapping and trading, so they did _______truly _______________and take land from the Native Americans. Instead they made them ___________ ________________!

In 1682 Robert de _____ ____________ ______________ the entire length of the St. Louis river and all lands to the _________ for France, naming it for King Louis XIV while looking for the _________________ ________________ – a _________________ and _________________water route to the ______________ ______________ or ____________

(_________ _____________ European countries were in search of a ____________ cheaper _____________ route to __________)

France _____________the __________________ River Valley.




Why did Europe want to find a Northwest Passage to Asia?




ENGLISH

3 E’s


______________ _________________ – Natural _______________ from North America that could be ______________ in Europe

_______________ _______________ ____________________ – If you didn’t believe in the ____________ ____ ________________, you were _____________________, discriminated against, and even ______________.

_____________ ______________ – England is ___________ _____________, _______________ growing and food __________________.

England _______________ the __________coast of _____________ America.




PUSH FACTORS

Homelessness

____________ of opportunity

Religious ____________________


PULL FACTORS

Land of ______________- _________________ to own your own _________

________________ of abundance- forests and ___________ ___________, fish & game

Promise of ______________ _______________

Promises of ________________




COLONIZATION

____________ of people ______________ in a ______________ ____________ but remain under the control of their ______________ land (____________ _____________).

Colonies ________________ raw materials, such as ___________ and _________

European ______________ were able to make goods out of _________ _________________

_____________ then _____________finished goods from _______________




Why was England now able to send explorers and settlers to the New World?




ENGLISH COLONIZATION

In 1587 Queen Victoria sent ___________people to colonize ____________ ______________, Virginia. By 1591 all 187 settlers had __________________, leaving only the name of a ___________ Native American Indian tribe __________ on a ____________: Croatoan

JAMESTOWN

_

_



_

_

_



In 1606, several groups of _________________ applied for ______________ from King ____________ to __________________ settlements in North America.

The _______________ ________________, received a charter and sent _____ ships of ______________.



The ships entered _________________ _______ in 1607. They sailed up the James River and named their settlement ____________________ after the beloved King James I

Jamestown was built on a __________________ so it could be _______________ against attack, but because of its location it _____________ good _____________________.

The main _____________ of the Virginia Company was to make a ___________for ________________. Most of the settlers were ___________-_______________ and ___________________ who were ___________ accustomed to ____________ work.

They __________ their _____________ searching for ___________and silver instead of planting ______________.

Many _____________ from disease and _______________. The colony survived only because of the leadership of ____________ _________________.

A period of hardship followed Smith’s ________________ from Jamestown.

__________________ ________________ THE COLONY!

The Virginia ________________ finally found a way to make ____________- _____________ ____________discovered that the _________ in Virginia was good for _________________ tobacco, a ________ _____________ which would bring great _____________ to the colony.

It was an _____________ ______________ in Europe $ $ $

Another economic _________________ occurred when _____________ were _______________ to ___________ their own ______________.

______________ ________________ of land meant that colonists could ___________ their own ___________ for a _____________, so they began working ______________, which made the colony more ________________________.

Anyone who ___________ their own passage to America ____________ 100 hundred ______________ of land. This encouraged __________________ of people to move to ___________________.

In 1619, the Virginia Company sent _______ ________________ to Jamestown so that the number of ________________ would grow, making Virginia more _______________.

You could still come to Virginia even if you could _________ _____________ the passage…BUT you would become an _______________ ______________ for at least 5-7 ________________.



HOUSE OF BURGESSES

In _________________, the Virginia Company ____________ to let colonists have a ________ in their ______________________.

____________ towns sent _______ _________________ called __________________ to an ________________ called THE HOUSE OF BURGESSES that had the right to _____________ _____________ for the colony.



THIS WAS THE ____________ FORM OF __________________ _________________ IN THE ENGLISH _________________


Who is the next set of settlers in 1620?







The database is protected by copyright ©essaydocs.org 2016
send message

    Main page