The end of the melting pot? Pre-reading



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THE END OF THE MELTING POT?
Pre-reading

  • What is the article about?

  • What is the ‘melting pot’?

[MELTING POT: place where large numbers of immigrants from many different countries live together.]

While-reading

    • SKIMMING

Look quickly at the text. Choose the correct answers to these questions, according to the article.


  1. What is the article about?

    1. America’s population is getting too large.

    2. African Americans will soon be in the majority in the USA.

    3. The USA is changing because of immigration.




  1. Why are today’s immigrants different from earlier immigrants?

    1. They integrate easily into American culture.

    2. They come to the USA for jobs.

    3. They keep their own language and culture.




  1. Why are African Americans very worried about the situation?

    1. The immigrants compete with them for jobs and houses.

    2. The immigrants don’t speak English.

    3. The immigrants become politicians and lawyers.

4. What are the racial groups mentioned?



Asians

Slavs


Caribbeans

North Africans



Arabs

African Americans

Pacific Islanders

Hispanics






    • SCANNING

Complete the chart.

ISSUES

CAUSE(S)

EFFECT(S)

  1. Immigration

[to get a better life]




  1. Language issue







  1. Illegal immigration










    • GRAMMAR

Complete these sentences with the verbs in brackets.


  1. If immigration _____________ (rise), Hispanics __________ (overtake) African Americans.

  2. If you _________ (go) into the supermarket in Rockville, you __________ (not hear) any English.

  3. Schools _________ (teach) in immigrant languages if parents ___________ (get) their demands.

  4. If more immigrants _________ (come), there _________ (be) fewer jobs for African Americans.

  5. The middle classes __________ (lose) their cheap servants if immigration ________ (stop).




    • VOCABULARY

Rewrite the sentences using the words in the box.

IMMIGRANTS OPPOSE BECOME ADULT

CLAIM ANSWER NEARLY



CURRENT PASS




  1. If present levels of immigration continue, by the year 2050 America’s population will increase by 50 per cent to 383 million.




  1. Hispanics will overtake Blacks.




  1. Today’s newcomers are different.




  1. The English language has almost disappeared in many places.




  1. If this happens, it will soon be possible to grow up in America and never speak English.




  1. Both Democrats and Republicans are demanding strict immigration controls.




  1. Work is the key to the problem.




    • COMPREHENSION

Mark these sentences TRUE (T), FALSE (F) or Don’t know (?).





T

F

?

  1. America’s population will be 383 million by the year 2050.










  1. Hispanics make up 10 per cent of the population at the moment.










  1. African Americans are currently the largest racial minority in the USA.










  1. Today’s immigrants try to integrate into America’s culture.










  1. The number of people who don’t speak English is increasing.










  1. Robert Byrd wants stricter immigration controls.










  1. Illegal immigrants only compete for jobs.










  1. Illegal immigrants can’t find jobs in the USA.












After-reading

    • TEXTUAL ORGANIZATION

Match the following headings to each paragraph.

PAR.

HEADING

1

Introduction

Politicians’ concerns

Illegal immigration

Language issues

Future ethnic balance

Differences between earlier and new immigrants






    • SUMMARY

Complete the summary with the words in the box.

issue Politicians language

stop integrate



immigrants melting pot minority


The USA has always been a country of ____________ and a ________________ of different races and cultures. According to the latest statistics, by 2050, America’s population will increase by 50%. What is more, Hispanics will represent the largest ethnic ______________. However, the so-called ‘melting pot’ is coming to an end because the new immigrants don’t ______________ into the culture of their new home as earlier immigrants. They also keep their own _______________: in some parts of the USA Spanish is spoken instead of English. _______________ are more and more concerned about the language problem. Another major _____________ is illegal immigration. According to the author, this problem will be solved if the Americans _______ employing illegal immigrants.


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