|The Empire State Building:
The Empire State Building is the largest skyscraper in New York since the collapse of the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center September 11, 2001. At a height of 381 feet, 448.7 feet if you count the antenna, the Empire State Building dominates the island of Manhattan with its 102 floors.
The construction of the Empire State Building was done during the early 1930s. It was the architect William Lamb, who was in charge of building the Empire State Building. The work had to be finished by 1 May 1931, ie one and a half after the first plans of the building.
It was John J. Raskob, founder of General Motors that financed the construction which began in March 17, 1930. The construction, which employed up to 3,400 workers were advancing at a rate of over 4 floors per week. No day off, the work continued on Sundays and holidays, the Empire State Building was inaugurated on schedule on 1May 1931, after 410 days of work.
During the first years the offices of the building stayed empty for half of them. The United States is still recovering from the crash of the NYSE in 1929 and the skyscraper was dubbed by the Americans the Empty State Building. In spite of huge losses entailed by the maintenance of the building, his owner, John J. Raskob, decided to sell it in 1951 to Roger I. Stevens, who separated himself of it three years later, in 1954, by selling it to pass. Henry J. Crown.
In 2000, following a long legal battle between various businessmen, the real estate developer Donald Trump, whose Trump Tower was a symbol of fortune, who became the owner of the Empire State Building . But after the attacks of September 11, 2001, the building was bought over 57 million by Peter Malkin March 19, 2002.
To realize this colossal work no less than 60,000 tons of steel were used to construct the frame, more than 10 million bricks and 200,000 tons of stone for the building works. Inside the Empire State Building, a building of Art Deco was used noble materials as marble and pink marble white as can be seen in the lobby. The building has 6,500 windows, 5 entrance on Fifth Avenue, 33rd and 34th Street. The skyscraper has 73 high speed elevators, one can reach the 86th floor of the watchtower in less than a minute ! In case some would reach the 102nd floor by the stairs, they will climb 1860 steps. Just know that the men's record is owned by Australian Paul Crake, who was able to climb the 1576 steps to reach the 86th floor in 9 minutes and 33 in 2003, while the women's record is the property of the Austrian Andrea Mayr, realizing the same climb in 11 minutes 23 in 2006.
From the 86th floor observatory is open all year, you'll have a 360 degree view of the city. As the 110 million tourists have visited since its opening in 1931 you can see the vast green expanse of Central Park in the middle of Manhattan, other famous skyscrapers like the Chrysler Building or the Flatiron, the islands of Staten Island, Ellis Island and the Statue of Liberty to the south and most of the major buildings that have fair fame of Big Apple.