The deepening of the european crisis: world war II chapter outline



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CHAPTER 27

THE DEEPENING OF THE EUROPEAN CRISIS:

WORLD WAR II

CHAPTER OUTLINE



  1. Prelude to War (1933-1939)

    1. The Role of Hitler

    2. The “Diplomatic Revolution” (1933-1936)

      1. German Rearmament

      2. Occupation of the Rhineland

      3. New Alliances

    3. The Path to War in Europe (1937-1939)

      1. Austria

      2. Czechoslovakia

      3. Poland

    4. The Path to War in Asia

      1. Japanese Goals in East Asia

  2. The Course of World War II

    1. Victory and Stalemate

      1. Hitler’s Attack in the West

      2. The Problem of Britain

      3. Invasion of the Soviet Union

    2. The War in Asia

    3. The Turning Point of the War (1942-1943)

      1. Battle of Stalingrad

      2. Battle of Midway

    4. The Last Years of the War

      1. Allied Advances in the West

      2. Soviet Offensive in the East

      3. Defeat of Japan

  3. The New Order

    1. The Nazi Empire

      1. Plans for an Aryan Racial Empire

      2. Economic Exploitation

      3. Use of Foreign Workers

    2. Resistance Movements

      1. Resistance Movements in Nazi-Occupied Europe

      2. Resistance Movements in Germany

    3. The Holocaust

      1. Early Nazi Policy

  4. 2 The Death Camps

      1. The Other Holocaust

    1. The New Order in Asia

  5. The Home Front

    1. The Mobilization of Peoples

      1. Great Britain

      2. The Soviet Union

      3. The United States

      4. Germany

      5. Japan

    2. Frontline Civilians: The Bombing of Cities

      1. Luftwaffe Attacks

      2. The Bombing of Germany

      3. The Bombing of Japan: The Atomic Bomb

  6. Aftermath of the War: Cold War

    1. The Conference at Tehran

      1. The Yalta Conference

    2. Intensifying Differences

      1. The Potsdam Conference

    3. The Emergence of the Cold War

  7. Conclusion


MAP EXERCISES
1. World War II in Asia and the Pacific. MAP 27.3. Geographically, what were Japan’s strengths and what were its weakness in waging war in Asia and the Pacific? (page 793)
2. Territorial Changes After World War II. MAP 27.5. Who gained the most territory as the result of World War II? Which German territories were lost and which states gained those lands? What were the explanation or justification for those gains? Given the accomplishments of the Soviet armies, was a pro- Soviet Eastern Europe inevitable? Why and/or why not? (page 810)
DISCUSSION QUESTIONS FOR THE PRIMARY SOURCES (BOXED

DOCUMENTS)
1. “The Munich Conference”: What were the issues that led to the Munich Conference and what were the consequences? Compare the responses of Churchill and Chamberlain to the Munich Conference appeasement agreement. Why did they disagree so much? Did Chamberlain’s actions at Munich directly lead to World War II? Why or why not? In 1938, who was the “realist” and which was the “idealist” and why? (page 787)
2. “A German Soldier at Stalingrad”: What does this excerpt tell you about the attitude of German soldiers prior to the battle of Stalingrad and the degree to which ordinary soldiers understood the realities of modern urban warfare. Did even the generals perceive the costs of urban warfare? Why do you think the author here is so surprised at determined and effective Russian resistance? (page 795)
3. “The Holocaust: The Camp Commandant and the Camp Victims”: What death camp procedures in mass murder did the Germans create for the extermination of people who were Jewish? Why do you think that the Germans were so meticulous in these procedures? What do you think induced German killers to produce so many documents about the construction and conduct of the Holocaust later so valuable in the many war crimes trials of these criminals? Could a similar event take place in the future?(page 802)
4. “The Bombing of Civilians”: What common elements do you find in these different descriptions of bombing raids? What do the three accounts suggest about the progression of bombing destructiveness as the war progressed? What effect did aerial bombing of cities and civilians have on the nature of modern warfare? (page 807)

Make a Venn diagram that shows the similarities and differences between the absolute monarchies of the 17th century and the totalitarian dictatorships of the 20th century. Look at goals & methods.



venn

prompt: Why was Italy ripe for fascism following WWI and how did the fascists come to power? Mussolini Treaty of Versailles inflation strikes socialists Squadristi March on Rome

Explain what policies the fascists pursued in each area in Italy.



political control:

propaganda

education:

business:

religion/church

Draw a political cartoon, using the terms as symbols, that condemns Italy’s drive for an empire in the 1930s. Ethiopia Rome-Berlin Axis Albania rearmament

Though Spain was on the periphery of European developments, why do you think the rest of Europe (and the U.S.) was interested in the outcome of its Civil War? Use the map and terms to emphasize your point. Popular Front Falange F. Franco Condor Legion

spain

List 5 problems faced by the Weimar Republic. H. Bruning P. von Hindenburg



Great Depression hyperinflation social welfare programs

a.

b.



c.

d.

e.


Make a résumé for Hitler that indicates the influences on his life and how he rose to leadership of the Nazi Party. Include at least 10 terms of your own choosing.

3. Imagine you are a foreign visitor attending a Nazi Nuremberg rally. Convey in diary entry the power and fear created by these spectacles.

4. Fill out the chart below for the Nazi. Look up any missing terms.




Area


Goals


Policies

economy/labor





terror/pol. control





education/youth





race




women





diplomacy









Nuremberg rallies SS--H. Himmler Hitler Youth/League of German Maidens Nuremberg Laws Kristallnacht

Concentration camps League of Nations World Disarmament Conference autarky Ministry of Propaganda

J. Goebbels “Triumph of the Will” rearmament Lebensraum euthanasia sterilization

5. assessment: To what extent did the Nazi state fit the theory of totalitarianism?

Fill out the chart for the diplomacy leading up to WWII.


Year


Events


Description


Effect

1933







1935







1936








1937






1938







1939








Disarmament Conference League of Nations rearmament Anglo-German Naval Pact appeasement Rhineland Rome-Berlin Axis/”Pact of Steel” Ethiopia Austrian Anschluss (annexation) Sudetenland Munich Conference annexation of Prague Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact Albania Polish Corridor/Danzig


Explain 3-4 arguments in favor of and opposed to appeasement.

Pro Con

a.


b.

c.


d.

opinion: Was appeasement a reasonable policy, given the circumstances?

Why was Hitler so successful early in the Second World War? Blitzkrieg Dunkirk Vichy




Indicate on the maps for Europe and Asia the key battles with brief explanation.



europeww

asiaww

Explain how each of the following represented a turning point in the war.



Luftwaffe v. RAF-- atomic bombs--

invasion of USSR-- Pearl Harbor--

El Alamein-- Stalingrad--

Midway-- Normandy/D-Day--

Fill out the chart for the mobilization of the major combatants. Rank their success, 1-4.




Nation


Policies


Issues/Results


Rating/Assessment

G. Britain








USSR







US







Germany








* "Dig for Victory"/"Grow Your Own Food" rationing Home Guard

* Great Patriotic War "super-centralization" Leningrad "battle for machines" "Night Witches"

* African-American migration "arsenal of democracy" (described, not named) women Detroit riots Japanese-Americans

* consumer goods A. Speer women

Analyze the ideology and goals behind the Japanese war effort.



Greater East Asian Co-Prosperity Sphere


Compose TWO brief letters from the perspective of a collaborator with and resister to the Nazi occupation of your nation.



Collaborator Resister

Identify 4-5 racial and “asocial” groups targeted by the Nazis and explain their fate.



Group Actions/Results

a.
b.


c.
d.
e.

Define the following terms related to the Holocaust. Look up missing terms.


Arbeit Macht Frei”-- SS/H. Himmler--

R. Heydrich-- Einsatzgruppen--

Auschwitz/death camps-- T-4 program (euthanasia)--

Zyklon B-- Wannsee Conf./"Final Solution"--

evaluation: To what extent do the western powers deserve blame for not doing more to prevent or stop the Holocaust?

Fill out the chart for the WWII conferences and explain how they set the stage for the Cold War. For missing terms, an excellent resource is www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/cold.war




Conference


Conflicts/Issues


Actions


Led to Cold War

Teheran, 1943








Moscow, 1944








Yalta, 1945








Potsdam, 1945









Decl. on Liberated Europe United Nations free elections reparations Lend-Lease V. Molotov


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