The crusades: 1095-1291

Download 5.9 Kb.
Date conversion25.05.2016
Size5.9 Kb.
THE CRUSADES: 1095-1291

  • European Christians regularly traveled to the Holy Land (Israel) on pilgrimages to visit the Holy Sites of Jesus’ life, especially those in Jerusalem.

  • Muslims won control of Jerusalem by 638 CE, but Christians allowed to continue visiting.

  • Seljuk Turks (an Islamic Empire that controlled the Abbasid caliphs), expanded against the Byzantine Empire, an Orthodox Christian civilization.

Motivations for the Crusades:

  • Seljuk expansion blocked European Christians from traveling to Jerusalem.

  • Byzantine Emperor asked Pope Urban II for help fighting the Seljuk Turks (1095 CE)

    • Pope Urban II called on Europe’s nobility & knights

      • Desire to bring Christian control over Jerusalem.

  • Defeat Islamic enemies of Christ

  • Pope sees chance to increase his/the Church’s power and glory.

  • Christian knights have opportunity to gain wealth, glory, and God’s grace by fighting Muslims!

    • “God Wills It!”

The 8 Crusades:

BUT, the Crusades had a tremendous long-term impact on Europe despite the humiliating losses.

The database is protected by copyright © 2016
send message

    Main page