The coming of independence



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THE COMING OF INDEPENDENCE

CHAPTER 2, SECTION 2
Slide 1: ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS

1. __________________________________________________________________________________?



Answer:

Slide 2: British Colonial Policies

  • Until the mid-1700s, the colonies were allowed a great deal of _____________________________ in their governments by the English _________________________________.

  • In 1760, _______________________________________________ imposed new taxes and laws on the colonists.

    • “___________________________ without _______________________________”

  • The colonists started a _______________________________, proposed an annual congress, and began to rebel.


Slide 4: Growing Colonial Unity

The Albany Plan

  • In 1754, ______________________________________________ proposed the Albany Plan of Union,

  • Franklin’s plan was agreed upon by the delegates, but turned down by the ____________________________.


Slide 5: Growing Colonial Unity

The Stamp Act Congress

  • The Stamp Act of ______________________ required the use of _____________________________ on all legal documents, certain business agreements, and newspapers

  • In 1765, a group of colonies sent delegates to the Stamp Act Congress in ________________________________

  • These delegates prepared the Declaration of ____________________and _________________________ against British policies and sent it to the King.


Slide 6: Colonists Show Their Resentment

  • Mob violence erupted and many colonists supported a _________________________________ of English goods

  • The _________________________________________________ takes place on March 5, 1770

  • ____________________________________________ takes place on December 16, 1773.


Slide 7: The Continental Congresses

First Continental Congress

  • The colonists sent a Declaration of ____________________________ to King George III.

  • The delegates urged each of the colonies to refuse all trade with England until British tax and trade regulations were _______________________________, or recalled.

Second Continental Congress

  • In 1775, each of the 13 colonies sent representatives to this gathering in _____________________________

  • The Second Continental Congress served as the ________________________________________ of the United States from 1776 to 1781



Slide 8: American Independence

  • On July 4, 1776, the Second Continental Congress adopted the _____________________________________________.

  • Between 1776 and 1777, most of the States adopted __________________________________ instead of _________________________.


Slide 9: Common Features of State Constitutions

1.


2.

3.


4.
Slide 10: Section 2 Review

1. The Declaration of Independence was signed in

    • (a) 1765.

    • (b) 1776.

    • (c) 1781.

    • (d) 1787.

2. The Stamp Act of 1765 was a law enacted by the British that

    • (a) increased the colonists’ taxes.

    • (b) was repealed by the Magna Carta.

    • (c) the colonists ratified one year later.

    • (d) raised the price of postage stamps by two cents.


Slide 11: The Coming of Independence Assignment

1. What were Britain’s colonial policies and how did the colonists react to them?


2. What were the outcomes of the First and Second Continental Congresses?




3. Explain the concept of Popular Sovereignty.


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