The cold war – the conflicts ideological Struggle
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Soviet & Eastern Bloc Nations [“______________ _________________”]
U.S. & the Western Democracies
Espionage [________vs. _________]
_________ ____________ [nuclear escalation]
Ideological Competition for the minds and hearts of Third World peoples [Communist govt. & command economy vs. democratic govt. & capitalist economy] “proxy wars”
Bi-Polarization of Europe [NATO vs. Warsaw Pact]
Soviet satellite states in Eastern Europe develop as buffer between
Democracies of Western Europe
Truman Doctrine - ____________
Civil War in _________________.
Turkey under pressure from the ______________ for concessions in the Dardanelles.
The U. S. should support free peoples throughout the world who were resisting takeovers by armed minorities or outside pressures…We must assist free peoples to work out their own destinies in their own way.
The U.S. gave Greece & Turkey $___________ million in aid.
GOAL: CONTAIN ____________________
Marshall Plan - ______________
“ European ________________ Program.”
Secretary of State, ____________________
The U. S. should provide aid to all European nations that need it. This move
is not against any country or doctrine, but against hunger, poverty, desperation, and chaos.
$_________ billion of US aid to Western Europe extended to Eastern Europe & USSR, [but this was rejected].
GOAL: Provide _______ ____ _________, to Prevent the spread of_________________.
Mao’s Revolution - ___________
_______________ take over in 1949.
Creates 2 nd world power that is _______________________.
N_______________ A________________ T___________________ O_________________________ = __________
16 nations - Western Europe & North America
Warsaw Pact -__________
8 Nations – Soviet Satellite states in Eastern Europe
Cold War –
Korean War -________ -__________
A divided Korea led to war, separated family members,
and cost a million lives, including ______________ Americans.
Created divided Korea: North (____________) South (______________)
Vietnam War -_________-__________
Three million people died in the Vietnam War, including ____________ Americans.
Communist Supported North defeated Southern U.S. supported Vietnam
Sputnik - __________
satellite in space
The Russians have beaten America in space—they have the technological edge!
Berlin Wall - __________
Divided the city into _____________ _______ Berlin and __________ (democratic) _________ Berlin
Historic symbol of ________________
Taken down in ____________
_________ ______________ led a communist takeover of Cuba.
Feared U.S. b/c of close proximity
U.S. attempted to remove Castro with the Bay of Pigs = __________
trained Cuban Refugees, failed do to U.S. not providing air support
Cuban Missile Crisis - __________
U.S. demanded Soviet _____________ missiles be removed from Cuba
Created a ____ day standoff between U.S. and U.S.S.R
Closest the World has ever come to Nuclear Warfare.
Contra’s (U.S. Supported) vs. Sandinistas (Communist Supported)
Soviet attempt to take over Afghanistan with communism & military
Defeated by Tribal Rebels (U.S. Supported)
El Salvador (__________)
Revolution between dictatorships and socialist backed guerillas.
U.S. supported military dictatorships
that Led to COMMUNISM in CHINA
___________ ____________ of Chinese cities and the economy by the Japanese invasion during World War II
Live human dissections
Communist Revolution (______- _______)
A civil war between _____________ Communist Red Army and ____________ (Chiang Kai-shek) national forces at the end of WWII
_________ _________ supported the Red Army (_______)
_______ supported the Nationalist Army (Chain Kai-shek)
Mao defeated the nationalists in _______
Established a Communist government on the mainland
The ____________ retreated to Taiwan
_____________ took over Tibet in 1950
Great Leap Forward, 1958
5 year plan to __________
agriculture and industry
groups of people who live & work together
property held in common
had ___________ ____________
Failed due to poor quality of products &
poor weather hurt agriculture
Communist China Under ___________
Designed to renew revolutionary spirit and establish a more __________ society
Mao wanted to put “___________________” in their place
Schools shut down & students revolted
___________ _________ – students
who attacked professors, government officials, factory managers
Soviet ii. China
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