The cold war – the conflicts ideological Struggle



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The COLD WAR – THE cONFLICTS



  1. Ideological Strugglehttp://www.featurepics.com/fi/thumb300/20070901/communism-symbol-436604.jpg

    1. Soviet & Eastern Bloc Nations [“______________ _________________”]

      1. Goal:



    1. U.S. & the Western Democracies

      1. Goal:



    1. METHODOLOGIES:

      1. Espionage [________vs. _________]

      2. _________ ____________ [nuclear escalation]

      3. Ideological Competition for the minds and hearts of Third World peoples [Communist govt. & command economy vs. democratic govt. & capitalist economy] “proxy wars”

      4. Bi-Polarization of Europe [NATO vs. Warsaw Pact]http://images4.wikia.nocookie.net/__cb20100622010851/uncyclopedia/images/2/20/iron-curtain-toon.jpg

  1. Iron Curtain

    1. Established ___________

    2. Soviet satellite states in Eastern Europe develop as buffer between Democracies of Western Europe

  2. Truman Doctrine - ____________

    1. Civil War in _________________.

    2. Turkey under pressure from the ______________ for concessions in the Dardanelles.

    3. The U. S. should support free peoples throughout the world who were resisting takeovers by armed minorities or outside pressures…We must assist free peoples to work out their own destinies in their own way.http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/first-family/masthead_image/33ht_header_sm.jpg?1250884801

    4. The U.S. gave Greece & Turkey $___________ million in aid.

GOAL: CONTAIN ____________________

  1. Marshall Plan - ______________

    1. European ________________ Program.”

    2. Secretary of State, ____________________

    3. The U. S. should provide aid to all European nations that need it. This move is not against any country or doctrine, but against hunger, poverty, desperation, and chaos.

    4. $_________ billion of US aid to Western Europe extended to Eastern Europe & USSR, [but this was rejected].

GOAL: Provide _______ ____ _________, to Prevent the spread of_________________.

  1. Mao’s Revolution - ___________

    1. _______________ take over in 1949.

    2. Creates 2nd world power that is _______________________.

  2. N_______________ A________________ T___________________ O_________________________ = __________

    1. 16 nations - Western Europe & North America



  1. Warsaw Pact -__________http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-ujodhi9xim0/tfhtfrwcgqi/aaaaaaaaaki/hmy7u52dlda/s1600/vietnam-war-protest%255b1%255d.jpg

    1. 8 Nations – Soviet Satellite states in Eastern Europe

  2. Cold War – Conflicts

    1. Korean War -________ -__________

      1. A divided Korea led to war, separated family members, and cost a million lives, including ______________ Americans.

      2. Created divided Korea: North (____________) South (______________)

    2. Vietnam War -_________-__________

      1. Three million people died in the Vietnam War, including ____________ Americans.

      2. Communist Supported North defeated Southern U.S. supported Vietnam sputnik i

  3. Sputnik - __________

    1. First satellite in space

    2. The Russians have beaten America in space—they have the technological edge!

  4. Berlin Wall - __________

    1. Divided the city into _____________ _______ Berlin and __________ (democratic) _________ Berlinhttps://whewert.wikispaces.com/file/view/cuban_revolution.jpg/34106753/cuban_revolution.jpg

    2. Historic symbol of ________________

    3. Taken down in ____________

  5. Cuban Revolution

    1. _________ ______________ led a communist takeover of Cuba.

    2. Feared U.S. b/c of close proximity

    3. U.S. attempted to remove Castro with the Bay of Pigs = __________

    4. U.S. trained Cuban Refugees, failed do to U.S. not providing air support

  6. Cuban Missile Crisis - __________

    1. U.S. demanded Soviet _____________ missiles be removed from Cuba

    2. Created a ____ day standoff between U.S. and U.S.S.R

    3. Closest the World has ever come to Nuclear Warfare.

  7. Nicaragua (_________)

    1. Contra’s (U.S. Supported) vs. Sandinistas (Communist Supported)

    2. Iran/ Contra Affair

  8. Afghanistan (__________)

    1. Soviet attempt to take over Afghanistan with communism & military

    2. Defeated by Tribal Rebels (U.S. Supported)

  9. El Salvador (__________)

    1. Revolution between dictatorships and socialist backed guerillas.

    2. U.S. supported military dictatorships



  1. Factors that Led to COMMUNISM in CHINA

    1. Japanese Imperialism

      1. ___________ ____________ of Chinese cities and the economy by the Japanese invasion during World War II

      2. Bayonetting practices

      3. Public ______________

      4. Live human dissections

    2. Communist Revolution (______- _______)

      1. A civil war between _____________ Communist Red Army and ____________ (Chiang Kai-shek) national forces at the end of WWII

      2. _________ _________ supported the Red Army (_______)

      3. _______ supported the Nationalist Army (Chain Kai-shek)

    3. Mao defeated the nationalists in _______

      1. Established a Communist government on the mainland

      2. The ____________ retreated to Taiwan

      3. _____________ took over Tibet in 1950

    4. Great Leap Forward, 1958

      1. 5 year plan to __________ agriculture and industry

      2. Communes

        1. groups of people who live & work together

        2. property held in common

        3. had ___________ ____________

      3. Failed due to poor quality of products & poor weather hurt agriculture

    5. Communist China Under ___________

      1. Designed to renew revolutionary spirit and establish a more __________ society

      2. Mao wanted to put “___________________” in their place

      3. Schools shut down & students revolted

      4. ___________ _________ – students who attacked professors, government officials, factory managers

    6. Communism Comparisons:

      1. Soviet ii. China


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