The Catholic Diocese of Lafayette, Indiana Catechetical Curriculum Guidelines

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Task 2: Catechesis promotes knowledge of the meaning of the Liturgy and the sacraments.



COL Reference


The liturgy is the celebration of the life of Christ. As members of God’s family, we remember why Christ came to earth. We affirm that Christ, in our everyday life, is central to the life of a believing Christian. The Liturgy helps us to hope for the future that we will continue to make Christ central in our lives so that we may look forward to Eternal Life with God in Heaven.

142, 149, 152, 156, 254, 303, 304


The Sacraments are the means through which God gives His life to each person through grace.

86, 89, 156, 306 Sacramental Dictionaries


The Sacraments are an outward sign of God’s love and mercy.

166, 167, 168


The Sacraments of Initiation are: Baptism, Confirmation, and Eucharist. They are the foundations of Christian life

86, 125, 129, 156, 306

BLMs: 41, 52 Baptism Role Play


BAPTISM is new life in Christ. It is necessary for eternal life with God and makes us members of the Catholic Church.

52, 87, 125, 128, 156, 87, 228, 246, 298

Record: New Life Through Baptism

BLM: 29 Order of the Mass, Baptism Welcomes Us into the Large Community


Baptism is the gateway to the other sacraments.

87, 125, 126, 127


At each person’s Baptism they are immersed in water or water is poured over their head.

52, 87, 125, 128, 156, 228, 246, 298

Record: New Life Through Baptism

BLM: 29 Order of the Mass, Baptism Welcomes Us into the Large Community


During Baptism the priest says, “I baptize you in the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. Amen.” Baptism Role Play


At Baptism each person receives a special sign on their soul.

1303, 1316–1317

CONFIRMATION confirms and strengthens the grace we receive at Baptism.

125, 126, 156, 246, 299

BLMs: 41, 52 Gifts of the Holy Spirit

1303, 1316–1317

At Confirmation the Holy Spirit comes down on each person. This occurs when the Bishop anoints the head with Holy Chrism and says, “Be sealed with the Gift of the Holy Spirit.”

125, 126, 156, 247, 299

BLMs: 41, 52 Gifts of the Holy Spirit

1303, 1316–1317

Through Confirmation we are bound more firmly to Christ and the Church.

125, 126, 156, 247, 299

BLMs: 41, 52 Gifts of the Holy Spirit

1303, 1316–1317

It strengthens us to be witnesses to our Christian faith.

125, 126, 156, 247, 299

BLMs: 41, 52 Gifts of the Holy Spirit


EUCHARIST: We receive the gift of Jesus' Body and Blood which He shares with us at Mass as He did with His apostles at the Last Supper.

125–126, 148–149, 156, 247, 256, 301 Breaking Bread Together


There are various names for the Sacrament of the Eucharist. Some are: the Eucharist, Mass, the Lord’s Supper, the Eucharistic Celebration.

125–126, 148–149, 156, 247, 256, 301 Breaking Bread Together


Jesus is most especially present in the Eucharist.

126, 134, 149, 152, 156, 254, 300, 303, 306 Breaking Bread Together


Receiving Jesus in Holy Communion continues our life-long relationship with Jesus that began at our Baptism.

125–126, 148–149, 156, 247, 256, 301 Breaking Bread Together

1346, 1348, 1408

At Mass we gather together as God's family. Christ acts through the priest as we celebrate the Mass. The Mass includes:

250–255, 304

BLMs: 47, 48, 52 Order of the Mass


Liturgy of the Word: when we listen to God's Word and apply it to our lives.

140–145, 252

BLMs: 47, 48, 52 Order of the Mass


Liturgy of the Word: The Liturgy of the Word includes readings from the Old and New Testaments. The Liturgy of the Word is an encounter with the Word of God proclaimed.

Order –

Readings from Scripture

Old Testament or New Testament

Responsorial Psalm

Gospel reading


Profession of Faith

General intercessions

45, 72, 140–145, 280, 234, 252, 253, 302, 305

BLMs: 47, 48, 52 Order of the Mass


Liturgy of the Eucharist: Jesus gives Himself to each person as the Bread of Life. Jesus is truly present in the Eucharist.

126, 142, 147, 149–150, 152, 252, 153, 254, 303, 304

BLMs: 47, 48, 50, 52 Order of the Mass

1412, 1350

We present to the priest our gifts of bread and wine.

149, 254 Order of the Mass


The epiclesis takes place when the priest holds his hands over the bread and wine and asks the Father to send the Holy Spirit so that by His power they will become the Body and Blood of Jesus Christ.

149, 254

BLMs: 50 Eucharistic Prayers


At the consecration the priest raises the bread and wine in his hands and says the Eucharist Prayer. He prays, “This is my body, this is my blood” and at that moment bread and wine are changed into the Body of Christ and Blood of Christ. This is what we call Transubstantiation.

126, 149, 156, 158, 254, 299, 306 Eucharistic Prayers


When a person receives Holy Communion they receive the Body and Blood of Christ to eat and drink.

126, 149, 150, 302 Breaking Bread Together

1408, 1360

The Eucharist, which means thanksgiving, is praise and thanksgiving to the Father.

125, 126, 156, 247, 256, 301


The Eucharist is a memorial of Christ’s life, passion, death, and resurrection, which becomes present to us at every Mass.

134, 148


The Eucharist is also a sacrifice, because it represents (or makes present) the sacrifice of the cross. “The sacrifice of Christ and the sacrifice of the Eucharist are one single sacrifice.”

134, 307


Each person receiving Christ in the Eucharist must be in the state of grace. This means to be free from any serious sins.


Fasting is a religious practice which helps us remember how we depend on God to help us. One must fast from food and drink, except for water and medicine, for one hour before receiving the Eucharist.


At the Eucharist we join our prayers to those of Mary and the Saints in Heaven. Eucharistic Prayers


We are obligated to go to Mass each Sunday and Holy Day of Obligation to give praise and worship to God.

150, 304


When our souls are in the state of grace we may receive Jesus under the form of bread and wine.


Receiving Christ’s Body strengthens our relationship with Him and the Church.




The Eucharist strengthens us on our journey to eternal life.

RECONCILIATION or PENANCE: The Sacrament of Reconciliation is a gift to help each person strengthen their relationship with God because of inclinations to sin.

91, 93–95, 99–106, 116–117, 175, 248, 306, 307

BLMs: 32, 35, 36 Public Relations for Reconcilers

1423, 1488

In the Sacrament of Reconciliation, God, through the Holy Spirit, transforms each person from within to do good and avoid sin. Through the Sacrament of Reconciliation we are brought closer to these truths:

91, 93–95, 99–106, 116–117, 175, 248, 306, 307

BLMs: 32, 35, 36 Public Relations for Reconcilers


God forgives each person and continues to love them even when they sin.

45, 87, 117, 305, 307 Lost and Found, Letter to God

1730, 1790

God has given each person a free will to choose between what is good and what is evil.


BLMs: 57, 58, 60


God calls each person always to be sorry for our sins and to accept His forgiveness.

45, 87, 117, 305, 307

BLM: 30 Lost and Found, Letter to God

1426, 1486

The life of grace can be lost by sin but the Sacrament of Penance restores the life of grace.



Jesus gave us the Sacrament of Reconciliation on the evening of the first Easter Sunday.


Personal sin is any word, action, or desire contrary to God’s law that we ourselves choose to commit.



There are two types of sin – venial and mortal:

94, 304, 307

BLMs: 32, 36, 39


A venial sin is an offense against God. A venial sin does not break our relationship with God.

94, 307

BLM: 32


Mortal sin is a serious offense against God, which is freely chosen, willingly and knowingly. Mortal sin destroys God’s life within us.

94, 304

BLMs: 32, 36, 39


For a sin to be mortal all three conditions must be met:

It must be a serious offense against God. You must know it is wrong. You must freely choose to do it anyway

94, 304

BLMs: 32, 36, 39

1493, 1785

Each personal sin offends God, and hurts the person, but also wounds the People of God, the Church.

1431, 1490

Before we receive the Sacrament of Reconciliation we must examine our conscience.

47, 49, 76, 95, 172–177, 264, 299, 307

BLMs: 32, 39

1495, 1441

A person must have sorrow for sin and a desire not to sin again.



During the Sacrament of Reconciliation the priest takes the place of Christ. However, it is God who forgives sins.



There are four actions in the Sacrament of Reconciliation. For the one receiving the Sacrament, there are three actions: contrition, confession of sins, and reparation. The priest performs the action of absolution.

94, 104, 262, 263, 299, 300

BLM: 36


Our sins are absolved in the name of the Trinity by the priest. The prayer the priest says is, “I absolve you in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.”

7, 36, 38, 87, 199, 306, 307

BLM: 3 A Community of Love, Trinity Song, Visualizing the Sign of the Cross


The Sacrament of Penance reconciles us with God and the Church, and strengthens us to love God and others.

103, 305

BLM: 35


Freedom from mortal sin makes each person worthy of eternal life because it restores God’s grace and life in their souls.

94, 304


How to make a good confession:
When entering the confessional kneel or sit and wait for the priest to speak. The priest will begin with “In the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.”

94, 262–263, 299

BLM: 35


Next, the priest will invite the penitent to confess their sins. At this time the penitent responds, “Bless me father, for I have sinned. It has been ________ weeks/months since my last confession. My sins are _________.

94, 262–263, 299


Once the penitent has confessed his or her sins the priest will give direction that will help the penitent to avoid sin in the future.

94, 262–263, 299


Next he will ask the penitent to pray the Act of Contrition. If the penitent does not know the whole prayer or forgets it he or she can tell the priest and the priest will help.

94, 262–263, 299


After the penitent prays the Act of Contrition, the priest will extend his hand and pray the Prayer of Absolution. Once he is finished with this prayer he will say “go in peace” or something similar; the penitent will reply, “Amen.”

94, 262–263, 299

BLM: 55


If a person gets confused at any point during their confession they should let the priest know and the priest will help them to make a good confession.

94, 262–263, 299

The Church has a liturgical year. Easter is the most special feast in the liturgical year. Other liturgical seasons are: Advent, Christmas, Ordinary Time,

Lent, and Easter.

201, 202–205, 211–213, 219–221, 297, 300, 303

BLMs: 66–72

Advent is the four-week preparation time for Christmas. During this time we await the coming of Christ.

19–25, 35–36, 202–205, 297

BLM: 66 Preparing for the Birth of Jesus Activity, Welcoming Jesus Wrapping Paper, Creating an Advent Tree of Kindness, Good Deeds Chain, Searching for Advent, Stars Who Give Us Light

Lent is the six-week preparation time for the celebration of Easter. Lent is a time of penance and sacrifice. It begins with Ash Wednesday.

202, 211, 212–13, 298, 303

BLM: 68 How I Grow With God, Lenten Prayer Bowl, My Special Message to Jesus, A Lenten Quiz, Change-of-Heart Tree

It is a Lenten practice to give up something or do something for others. These acts of sacrifice are blessed by God.

BLM: 68

The Sunday before Easter is Palm Sunday.

BLM: 69

Easter celebrates the Resurrection (the rising from the dead) of Jesus. The Paschal Candle is a symbol of Easter.

54–55, 134, 220, 258, 306

BLMs: 69, 70 Easter Celebration, Alleluia!, Coloring Easter Eggs, Jesus Appears to His Friends, Song: We Know that Jesus Is Alive, Where is Jesus?

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