The Catholic Diocese of Lafayette, Indiana Catechetical Curriculum Guidelines

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Task 2: Catechesis promotes knowledge of the meaning of the Liturgy and the sacraments.

of Faith



COL Reference


The liturgy is the celebration of the life of Christ. As members of God’s family, we remember why Christ came to earth. We affirm that Christ, in our everyday life, is central to the life of a believing Christian. The Liturgy helps us to hope for the future that we will continue to make Christ central in our lives so that we may look forward to Eternal Life with God in heaven.

127, 129, 132–135, 137 Come and Worship, TV News Interview


Liturgy is the public work of the People of God at worship. It includes the rites and ceremonies of the Mass and Sacraments.

127, 129, 132–135 Come and Worship


The Church has a liturgical year. The central focus and mystery of this holy year is the person of Jesus Christ. By following the Church through various seasons of this liturgical year, people are called to continually grow in their understanding of Christ and to follow Him.

127, 201–202

BLM: Liturgical Calendar Liturgical-Year Puzzle

The Church’s year is separated into the liturgical seasons. These are: Advent, Christmas, Ordinary Time, Lent, and Easter. The Easter season ends with the Feast of Pentecost.

127, 201–202

BLM: Liturgical Calendar Liturgical-Year Puzzle


The liturgical year begins with the Advent season which prepares for the coming of Christ

127, 202–206

BLM: Liturgical Calendar An Advent Calendar for the Entire Group, Liturgical-Year Puzzle

The Christmas season celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ. Jesus fulfills the hope of the Old Testament. The Christmas season ends with the Baptism of Jesus.

127, 202, 207–210

BLM: Liturgical Calendar Liturgical-Year Puzzle

Ordinary Time has two periods. The first begins with the Sunday after Epiphany until the beginning of Lent. The second period begins after Pentecost and ends with the liturgical year, which is the Feast of Christ the King.

127, 202

BLM: Liturgical Calendar Liturgical-Year Puzzle

The Lenten season begins with Ash Wednesday and ends with the death and resurrection of Christ.

127, 202, 211 Liturgical-Year Puzzle

The week before Easter is known as Holy Week. During this week the Church prays and fasts in remembrance of Christ’s crucifixion. On Holy Thursday the Church celebrates the Last Supper where Christ gathered with His disciples and instituted the Eucharist and the Priesthood. On Good Friday the Church recalls Christ’s sacrifice on the cross.

127, 202, 215–218 At Home Reflections, Facing Difficult Decisions, How I Forgive “Those Who Trespass Against Me,” Jesus’ Path to the Cross, Liturgical-Year Puzzle

The Easter season celebrates Christ rising from the dead. It is a joyous time lasting for 50 days. Easter Sunday is the greatest feast of the liturgical year.

127, 202, 219–222 An Interview with Thomas, Liturgical-Year Puzzle

484, 490–491, 523, 717–720

During the liturgical year the Church celebrates various feasts of Mary. January 1st is the Feast of the Mother of God, March 25th is the Feast of her Annunciation, May 31st is the Feast of the Visitation, August 15th is the Feast of the Assumption, and December 8th is the Feast of the Immaculate Conception.

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BLM: 40 Illustrated Dictionary, Which Is It? Annunciation, Ascension, or Assumption

The Annunciation is the celebration of the announcement to Mary that she will be the Mother of God.

111–112, 281

BLMs: 39, 40 Which Is It? Annunciation, Ascension, or Assumption, Learning to Say Yes

The Visitation is the celebration of Mary’s visit to her cousin Elizabeth. When Elizabeth saw Mary, the infant in her womb leapt and she cried out, “Most blessed are you among women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb. And how does this happen to me, that the mother of my Lord should come to me?” Elizabeth’s child was John the Baptist who prepared the way for Jesus.


BLM: 40 TV News Report, Learning to Say Yes, Meet John the Baptist

The Assumption remembers Mary being taken to heaven in body and soul. She received this great gift because she was born without sin.

111–112, 255, 283 Which Is It? Annunciation, Ascension, or Assumption

The Immaculate Conception is the term used to describe that Mary was born free from original sin.

107, 111, 116, 122, 255 Illustrated Dictionary


In the liturgy, the Blessed Trinity is present. God the Father and Creator is praised and given adoration.

7, 134–135, 292 Signing Our Senses


In the Liturgy, Christ who died on the cross for our salvation is made present again through the power of the Holy Spirit.

127, 132–133 TV News Interview


The activity of the Holy Spirit in the Liturgy is to assist the people of God gathered for worship to recall in faith the mission of Christ on earth. Through receiving of the Body and Blood of Christ, the Holy Spirit assists each person to go forth and bear fruit among God’s people.

46 Moved By the Spirit, Fruit Is Good for You, Gifts of the Holy Spirit, Interpreting the Gifts of the Holy Spirit


A sacrament is an outward sign of God’s grace. The sacraments were instituted by Christ and are received through the life of the Church. Through the action of the Holy Spirit each sacrament brings a special divine grace into our lives.

53, 61, 69, 75, 126–127, 140–141, 148–149, 185, 196, 250, 299 Sacramental Dictionaries


There are seven Sacraments that come to us through the Church. They are:

Baptism, Eucharist, Confirmation,

Reconciliation, Matrimony,

Holy Orders and Anointing of the


54–55, 250–251

BLM: 18, 19 Sacramental Dictionaries

Each sacrament has its own special rite.

62–63, 70–71, 95, 142, 150, 156

BLM: 21, 47 Sacramental Dictionaries


Sacraments of Initiation: The Sacraments of Initiation are Baptism, Confirmation, and Eucharist. By receiving these three sacraments a person becomes fully a member of the Christian Community which is the Body of Christ.

61–63, 71, 77, 156, 250, 299 Win, Lose, or Draw, Confirmation Infomercial






1376–1377, 1413


1376–1377, 1413




1348, 1411

Baptism is the first sacrament. Confirmation is the completion of Baptism. The Eucharist completes Christian Initiation.
BAPTISM is the first Sacrament of Initiation.
Through this sacrament, either by the immersion in or pouring of water in conjunction with the proper use of the ritual, one is freed from Original Sin.
A person then becomes united to Christ through grace and becomes a member of the community of believers.
During the baptism the priest says, “I baptize you in the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. Amen.” Baptism is received only once.
CONFIRMATION is the sacrament that completes the grace of Baptism.
Each person receives the gifts of the Holy Spirit, which “seals” and strengthens the baptized person to take on the full responsibilities of the Church, in particular the apostolic life.
The outward sign of Confirmation is conferred through the anointing with chrism (a special blessed oil) on the forehead, by the laying on of the hands, and the words “Be sealed with the gift of the Holy Spirit.”
EUCHARIST is the sacrament in which the Lord Jesus Himself, under appearances of bread and wine, is present, offered, and received. By this sacrament, the Church lives and grows. The Sacrament of the Eucharist can be received many times. The Eucharist has the highest place among the seven sacraments.
Emphasis needs to be placed on the real presence of Jesus under the appearance of bread and wine.
We gather at the Eucharistic celebration to praise and thank the Father, to receive God’s Word and to celebrate Jesus’ Paschal Mystery.
Jesus feeds each person with His Body and Blood making each person one with Him and each other. It is the greatest of the sacraments of the Church.
At the epiclesis the priest asks the Father to send the Holy Spirit so that the bread and the wine will become the Body and the Blood of Jesus Christ.
At the consecration the priest raises the bread and wine in his hands and says the Eucharist Prayer. He prays, “this is my body, this is my blood” and at that moment bread and wine are changed into the Body of Christ and Blood of Christ. This is what we call Transubstantiation.
The Eucharist is a memorial of Christ’s life, passion, death and resurrection which becomes present to us at every Mass.
The Eucharist is also a sacrifice. Because it represents (or makes present) the sacrifice of the cross. “The sacrifice of Christ and the sacrifice of the Eucharist are one single sacrifice.”
To receive Christ in the Eucharist, one must be in the state of grace. This means to be free from any serious sins.
Each person is required to fast from food and drink, except water and medicine, for one hour before receiving the Holy Eucharist
Only validly ordained priests and bishops can preside at the Eucharist and change the bread and wine into the Body and Blood of Christ.

54–55, 61–63, 70–71, 77, 125–127, 129, 132–137, 156, 250, 254, 287, 290, 296

BLMs: 19, 21, 25, 42, 45

Record: The Incarnation Win, Lose, or Draw, Eucharistic Prayers

Introductory Rites: The celebration of the Eucharist begins with the Introductory Rites. This is a way for the community gathered together to prepare for the Liturgy of the Word and Liturgy of the Eucharist.

Entrance Procession

Entrance Song

Veneration of the Alter

Sign of the Cross; greeting and introduction

Act of Penitence

Sunday Renewal of Baptism (Rite of Sprinkling)

Penitential Rite

Kyrie (“Lord have mercy”)

Gloria (“Glory to God”)

•Collect (Opening Prayer)

134–135, 157, 252

BLMs: 44, 45, 52 Preparing for Sunday, Let’s Make a Match,

POSTER: Parts of the Mass


Liturgy of the Word: The Liturgy of the Word includes readings from the Old and New Testaments. The Liturgy of the Word is an encounter with the Word of God proclaimed.

Reading from Sacred Scripture

Old Testament or New Testament

Responsorial Psalm

Reading from Sacred Scripture (on Sundays and Feast Days)

Gospel reading


Profession of Faith (creed)

•General intercessions

21, 134–135, 157, 253

BLMs: 44, 45, 52 Preparing for Sunday, Let’s Make a Match

POSTER: Parts of the Mass







Liturgy of the Eucharist: The Eucharist contains the Church’s entire spiritual treasure . . . Christ Himself. At the Last Supper Jesus Christ instituted the Sacrament of the Eucharist. Through the reception of this Sacrament a person receives the very Body and Blood of Christ. Christ is truly present under the appearance of bread and wine.

Preparation of the gifts: Offerings of bread and wine.

Eucharistic Prayer: Thanksgiving expressed in the Preface: gratitude for the gifts of creation, salvation, and sanctification.

Acclamation–“Holy, Holy, Holy”

Epiclesis: The Church petitions the power of the Holy Spirit to change the bread and wine into Christ’s Body and Blood.

Consecration: (Transubstantiation) The priest proclaims the words Jesus used at the Last Supper.

Anamnesis: (The Remembrance) “Christ has died, Christ is Risen, Christ will come again.”

Second Anamnesis: A prayer to the Holy Spirit for unity among those receiving Christ’s Body and Blood.

Intercessions: The Communion of Saints and all on earth pray for the living and the dead.

Doxology and the Great Amen: The Eucharistic Prayer concludes with praise of God the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.

Rite of Communion

The Lords Prayer

The Sign of Peace

Reception of Holy Communion

Prayer after Communion

5, 134–135, 157, 254–255

BLMs: 44, 45, 52

Record: The Eucharist Let’s Make a Match, Preparing for Sunday,

POSTER: Parts of the Mass



1493, 1785



Sacraments of Healing:
RECONCILIATION is the sacrament by which each person receives God’s merciful forgiveness for their personal sins. Through the absolution of the priest we reconcile with God, the Christian community, and each other.
The Sacrament of Reconciliation is a gift to help each person strengthen their relationship with God because of inclinations to sin.
Before each person receives the Sacrament of Reconciliation they must examine their conscience.
There are four actions in the Sacrament of Reconciliation. For the one receiving the Sacrament, there are three actions: contrition, confession of sins, and reparation. The priest performs the action of absolution with the words, “I absolve you in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit”.
How to make a good confession:
When entering the confessional kneel or sit and wait for the priest to speak. The priest will begin with “In the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.”
Next, the priest will invite the penitent to confess their sins. At this time the penitent responds, “Bless me, Father, for I have sinned. It has been ________ weeks/months since my last confession. My sins are _________.
Once the penitent has confessed his or her sins the priest will give direction, which will help the penitent to avoid sin in the future.
Next he will ask the penitent to pray the Act of Contrition. If the penitent does not know the whole prayer or forgets it he or she can tell the priest and the priest will help.
After the penitent prays the Act of Contrition, the priest will extend his hand and pray the Prayer of Absolution. Once he is finished with this prayer he will say “go in peace” or something similar; the penitent will reply, “Amen.”
If a person gets confused at any point during their confession they should let the priest know and the priest will help them to make a good confession.
ANOINTING OF THE SICK strengthens the person who is ill. The priest, through this sacrament, anoints the seriously ill or aged so that, through the power of Jesus, he or she may be forgiven of sin, comforted in suffering, and restored to health in spirit and sometimes in body as well

54, 141–142, 144–152, 153, 156, 251, 256–257, 282, 299

BLMs: 19, 47, 50, 51, 52 Messages of Hope and Healing, Five Facts


Sacraments of Service:
Each person is called to serve God. Individual Christians respond to this call of “vocation” in the ordained ministry to the priesthood or diaconate, religious life, married state, or single life.

55, 91–95, 99–103, 116, 251, 299

BLMs: 19, 35 Wheel-of-Fortune Game


MATRIMONY is the sacrament by which a baptized man and a baptized woman are united as husband and wife. They freely enter into a permanent, loving, and life-giving covenant of fidelity to each other. They promise to be open to the gift of children in their marriage and to love them and share their faith with them.

55, 99–105, 116, 251, 299

BLMs: 19, 35 Wheel-of-Fortune Game


HOLY ORDERS is the sacrament by which Jesus empowers certain members of the community to continue His saving actions through the ordained ministry. There is a threefold order in the Church: deacon, priest, and bishop. The priest and the bishop share in the priesthood of Christ. The bishop receives the fullness of ordination. Deacons are “transitional,” i.e., moving on to the priesthood, or “permanent.” Married men can only be ordained to the level of “permanent deacon.”

55, 91–97, 116, 251, 299

BLMs: 19, 28, 32 Wheel-of-Fortune Game, Laying On of Hands


Sacramentals bear a resemblance to the Sacraments but are not Sacraments.

They are sacred signs given by the Church to sanctify different circumstances of life. Holy Water, statues, or medals, when used with faith, bring blessings.

55, 79, 150, 179

BLM: 18

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