The Black Death: Annotated Bibliography



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Mrs. R. Ward

CFL 6th period

26 March 2012 (this should be the date assignment is turned in)



The Black Death: Annotated Bibliography

"The Black Death (Overview)." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2011.

Web. 20 Oct. 2011.

The Black Death was one of the biggest disasters in European history. About 25 million people died from the disease during a span of only a few years. There are three different forms of the plague; all with different symptoms. These forms include: the Bubonic plague, which infects the lymphatic system, the Pneumonic plague, which infects the respiratory system, and the Septicemia plague, which infects the circulatory system. All three forms are caused by the same bacillus, which is a bacterium that lives in the bloodstream of rodents. Fleas can transmit the plague to other mammals, such as humans. The first outbreak was believed to be in areas controlled by the Mongols of Central Asia. It spread east into China and toward Europe along trade routes. In attempt to infect the defenders, the Mongols used catapults and threw dead bodies into the city. There was no group of people that was unaffected by the disease. People reacted to the Black Death in different ways. Some believed that it was a punishment from God, others decided to live for the moment, and some even lost affection for friends and family members. The effect of the Black Death resulted in a drop in prices, however, later, prices rose due to lack of workers.



“Black Death.” Encyclopedia Britannica. Encyclopedia Britannica online. Encyclopedia Britannica, 2011. Web. 23 Oct. 2011.

The Black Death took more lives, in 1347 and 1351, than any other epidemic up to that time. The plague originated in China and inner Asia by a Kipchak army, who catapulted infected corpses into the town. The disease affected Sicily, Hungary, North Africa, Spain, Italy, England, France, Austria, Switzerland, Germany, Scandinavia, and the Baltic lands. About 25 million people in Europe died during the Black Death. Consequences of the plague included: an end to war, a drop in trade, and a reduction in land cultivation, due to the lack of laborers.


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