The greatly increased output of machine-made goods that began in England in the middle 1700s; machines began to do jobs that had been done by hand
Describe three changes (enclosure movement, crop rotation, and improved livestock breeding) of the agricultural revolution in Britain. How did the agricultural revolution affect the population on England?
Enclosure movement - Wealthy landowners bought up smaller farms and enclosed their lands with fences; this allowed them to cultivate larger fields and they could experiment with better seeding and harvesting methods to increase yield Crop rotation – improved on three-crop system of middle ages; farmer would grow one crop which depleted nutrients one year, then the next year plant a crop that replaced nutrients, etc. Improved livestock breeding – allow only best animals to breed; increased average weight. All of these improvements caused the population to explode – more food, better living conditions; led to increase in demand; also caused small farmers to leave farms and move to cities to work in factories set up to meet new demand
What is industrialization?
Process of developing machine production of goods
Why did the Industrial Revolution begin in England? (You should have at least 3.)
Person who organizes, manages, and takes on the risk of a business
What are the four ways that railroads revolutionized life in Britain?
Spurred industrial growth with a cheap way to move materials and finished products Created hundreds of thousands of new jobs for railroad workers and miners Boosted agriculture and fishing industries by making it possible to transport products to distant cities Encouraged country people to take jobs in distant cities