The Battle of Stalingrad



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The Battle of Stalingrad

Causes of the Battle




  • Hitler will not leave Stalingrad unconquered and plans to seize territories to the east in Russia.

  • Hitler also plans to take control over the oil fields in Caucasus.

  • Stalingrad is the center of Russia’s communication and manufacturing.

  • Russia will not stand and watch Germany continue to build its empire.

Beginning of the Battle (July, 1942)



  • Both the Germans and the Russians start off the battle with over 1 million men.

  • Each side was determined to win complete control over Stalingrad.

  • Hitler and Commander Paulus split the German army into two groups; Army Group A and Army Group B.

  • Hitler commands Group A to head for the oil fields to the south and Group B towards Stalingrad.

  • Russia remains In Stalingrad holding their ground while Germany takes control over the majority of the city.

Strategies of The Armies

  • While the Germans divided up their army and head North/South, the Russians stay quiet.

  • Army Group B pushed further into Russia, losing supplies and fuel. Hitler then demandes Group B to head south and capture the oil fields. Group B moves slowly towards the south losing more fuel and supplies.

  • The Russians leave their stand at Stalingrad and rush to catch up to the Germans at the oil fields.

  • Hitler sees this as a perfect opportunity to conquer Stalingrad and sends his army back up North. The Russians do the exact same beating the Germans because they are well supplied and fueled.

  • The two armies race back and forth like rats trying to win the race.

Struggles

  • Germany begins thousands of men in the city of Stalingrad.

  • Bombarded early by Germany, parts of the city are left in ruins making it hard to see and breath.

  • Winter is around the corner and the Germans have never faced such cold temperatures.

  • Temperature dropped to -22 degrees Fahrenheit and frostbite hit the germans hard.

  • Cannibalism occurred often and everyone's diet consists of manly rats or dead horses.



Russia Fights Back

  • While Hitler’s army tries to stop supply routes to Russia and gives everything they have left, Russia prepares for a counter- offensive.

  • 13 Russian armies attack from both the north and south trapping the Germans at Stalingrad. They then offer surrendering terms on Jan. 8, 1943, but Hitler disagreed. Russia then attacked them with full force.

  • On Jan. 24 the Russians showed surrendering terms again but Hitler told Commander Paulus they had to keep fighting.

End of War & Significance

  • Commander Paulus goes against Hitler’s word and surrenders on Jan. 31, 1943 ending the bloodiest battle during WWII.

  • This battle left Germany in great defeat and weakened their army.

  • This led to the burst of confidence for the Allied powers and Germany was no longer able to take over territories in the east.


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