The Battle of Gettysburg



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The Battle of Gettysburg

When the battle at Gettysburg started nobody knew it was going to be a bloody three day battle. The Battle of Gettysburg was a huge turning point in the Civil War. The Union army and Confederate army met on a hot summer day with General Meade leading the Union and General Lee with George Pickett leading the Confederate army. Around 40,000 northern and southern troops died over the three day period of July 1st to July 3rd, 1863.



Strengths and Weaknesses of the Armies

Both the Union and Confederacy had strengths and weaknesses during the Battle of Gettysburg. The main strengths of the North were their numbers and they had more farms, land resources, railroads. Weaknesses were their military leadership, the North could not find a general that had experience and that would stay as general. “The Confederacy’s strengths were the sheer size of the South made invading it a daunting task.” Also, they didn’t have anything to lose if they lost the war. The South’s weakness was their economy could not hold a long war. Both armies’ strengths and weaknesses would come into effect in the Battle of Gettysburg.



The Battle of Gettysburg

“General Lee felt confident enough to risk another invasion of the North on Gettysburg.” The Union army met the Confederates with a strong 90,000 soldiers and the Confederates with 75,000. As the southern army approached Gettysburg the Union took Cemetery Ridge which was a very well placed position. “On the second day the Confederates tried to find weak spots in the Union line but they held firm. Finally Lee ordered and all-out attack on the center of the Union line, but the North held them and won the Battle of Gettysburg.” It was a great victory for Union but it was a costly one. 17,500 northern troops were killed with 23,000 Confederate troops.



Strategies at the Battle

The Battle of Gettysburg would have never been such long and even battle between the North and South if they wouldn’t have used some important strategies. One of the smartest decisions and best strategy was the Union taking the high ground on Cemetery Ridge. Having the high ground in a battle is very important and won the battle for the Union. Another strategy used was when the Union held a line on the ridge and Lee ordered a full attack on the center to break through the northern line. The South almost made it but got stopped and the North won.



Key parts of Gettysburg

At the battle there were some significant parts and events. One was the North had gr4eat numbers but the South had good leadership. “Also, the South made a draft law that called men ages 18 to 35 for 3 years of military service, the North was 20 to 45.” Another key part was the Union taking Cemetery Ridge which was a great place for an army line. Lastly, when Lee made an all-out attack and failed that marked the end of the Battle of Gettysburg.



A Turning Point

The Battle of Gettysburg was a turning point in the Civil War. The three day battle caused many lives to be lost. “Democrats were far more concerned about restoring peace than slavery or the war.” Lincoln traveled to Gettysburg and announced his Gettysburg Address. His speech talked about the men who sacrificed themselves and about war. His speech is very famous and will always be remembered. The Battle of Gettysburg was a Union victory and basically won the war for the North.


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