The Army of the Democratic Republic of Armenia in 2300ad by Demetrios Rammos introduction



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The Army of the Democratic Republic of Armenia in 2300AD
By Demetrios Rammos
INTRODUCTION
Rising again in the aftermath of the 3rd world war, the 2nd Armenian republic has managed to secure its independence and even prosper in the centuries after it. With perpetually bad relations with Turkey for more than half a millennium, not much better relations with Azerbaijan to the east and French satellite Georgia in the west Armenia is forced to maintain considerable military forces at hand.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Acknowledgements

Narrative

Terminology

Order of Battle

Background

Recent Military Actions

Foreign relations and off Earth commitments

Defence issues

Organization

Divisions and other notable units.

Personnel and Rank structure.

Notes


Equipment

Appendix A. Selected Unit Organization.


Acknowledgements
The all too many writers on Etranger from whom I shamelessly borrowed weapons systems and ideas. Dan Hedbitch for hosting this in addition to the above.
Narrative
TBC
Terminology
TBC

ORDER OF BATTLE
Army Command

41st Guards airborne brigade

1st Paratrooper Battalion

2nd Paratrooper Battalion

3rd Paratrooper Battalion



1st Mountain Infantry Brigade

4th Mountain Infantry Battalion

5th Mountain Infantry Battalion

6th Mountain Infantry Battalion

32nd Artillery Battalion

2nd Mountain Infantry Brigade

7th Mountain Infantry Battalion

8th Mountain Infantry Battalion

9th Mountain Infantry Battalion

33rd Artillery Battalion

146th Artillery Brigade

11th ADA Battalion

15th Heavy Artillery battalion

16th Heavy Artillery battalion

34th Rocket Artillery Battalion

35th Rocket Artillery Battalion



10th Reconnaissance Battalion

39th Signal Battalion


7th Army

45th Recon Battalion

40th Signal Battalion

47th MI Battalion

52nd Engineer Battalion

164th Motorized Rifle Division

12th Motorized Rifle Brigade

68th Tank Battalion

69th Tank Battalion

93rd Infantry Battalion

94th Infantry Battalion

17th Artillery Battalion

53rd Engineer Battalion

15th Motorized Rifle Brigade

70th Tank Battalion

71st Tank Battalion

95th Infantry Battalion

96th Infantry Battalion

18th Artillery Battalion

54th Engineer Battalion

18th Motorized Rifle Brigade

72nd Tank Battalion

73rd Tank Battalion

97th Infantry Battalion

98th Infantry Battalion

19th Artillery Battalion

55th Engineer Battalion

41st Signal Battalion

48th MI Battalion

12th ADA Battalion

36th Rocket Artillery Battalion

14th Motorized Rifle Division

13th Motorized Rifle Brigade

74th Tank Battalion

75th Tank Battalion

99th Infantry Battalion

100th Infantry Battalion

20th Artillery Battalion

56th Engineer Battalion

16th Motorized Rifle Brigade

76th Tank Battalion

77th Tank Battalion

101st Infantry Battalion

102nd Infantry Battalion

21st Artillery Battalion

57th Engineer Battalion

19th Motorized Rifle Brigade

78th Tank Battalion

79th Tank Battalion

103rd Infantry Battalion

104th Infantry Battalion

22nd Artillery Battalion

58th Engineer Battalion

42nd Signal Battalion

49th MI Battalion

13th ADA Battalion

37th Rocket Artillery Battalion

13th Motorized Rifle Division (Reserve)

14th Motorized Rifle Brigade

80th Tank Battalion

81st Tank Battalion

105th Infantry Battalion

106th Infantry Battalion

23rd Artillery Battalion

59th Engineer Battalion

17th Motorized Rifle Brigade

82nd Tank Battalion

83rd Tank Battalion

107th Infantry Battalion

108th Infantry Battalion

24th Artillery Battalion

60th Engineer Battalion

20th Motorized Rifle Brigade

84th Tank Battalion

85th Tank Battalion

109th Infantry Battalion

110th Infantry Battalion

25th Artillery Battalion

61st Engineer Battalion

43rd Signal Battalion

50th MI Battalion

14th ADA Battalion

38th Rocket Artillery Battalion

21st Rifle Brigade (Reserve)

86th Tank Battalion

111th Infantry Battalion

112th Infantry Battalion

113th Infantry Battalion

26th Artillery Battalion

62nd Engineer Battalion

22nd Rifle Brigade (Reserve)

87th Tank Battalion

114th Infantry Battalion

115th Infantry Battalion

116th Infantry Battalion

27th Artillery Battalion

63rd Engineer Battalion

Eastern Army Command

46th Recon Battalion

44th Signal Battalion

51st MI Battalion

Engineer Battalion

26th Rifle Brigade

88th Tank Battalion

117th Infantry Battalion

118th Infantry Battalion

119th Infantry Battalion

28th Artillery Battalion

64th Engineer Battalion

261st Rifle Brigade

89th Tank Battalion

120th Infantry Battalion

121st Infantry Battalion

122nd Infantry Battalion

29th Artillery Battalion

65th Engineer Battalion

23rd Rifle Brigade (Reserve)

90th Tank Battalion

123rd Infantry Battalion

124th Infantry Battalion

125th Infantry Battalion

30th Artillery Battalion

66th Engineer Battalion

11th Motorized Rifle Brigade (Reserve)

91st Tank Battalion

92nd Tank Battalion

126th Infantry Battalion

127th Infantry Battalion

31st Artillery Battalion

67th Engineer Battalion

BACKGROUND

One of the most ancient nations of the region, Armenia after the 14th century found itself under Ottoman, Persian and Russian domination till the establishment of the Democratic Republic of Armenia in 1918. The 1st republic would prove short lived between Soviet and Turkish invasion but an Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic would continue to exist inside the Soviet Union and in the aftermath of the 3rd world war become independent forming the 2nd Armenian republic.


Through the 21st and 22nd centuries the young Armenian republic would prove quite successful, securing the union of Armenian majority Nagorno-Karabagh with the republic and also recovering the areas of Kars and Ardakhan which had been lost to Turkey in 1920.
The 23rd century would prove quite more troubling for Armenia. Turkey and Kurdistan had been never quite reconciled to the loss of land to Armenia, neither was Azerbeijan to the east and a number of conflicts through the previous two centuries had kept the issues open. Things came to a head with the 2nd Caucasus war in 2214 and while Armenia was successful in it her very success has proven the cause of trouble in the long run as its annexation of territory from Turkey, Kurdistan and Azerbeijan left it with notable and hostile muslim minorities within its borders. Since then Armenia much like Israel in the late 20th century has been forced to deal with on and off irregular warfare and terror attacks with separatists supported mainly by Turkey.
For all the fighting Armenia maintains a reasonably advanced post-industrial economy and acceptably high standards of living. Before the Twilight war Armenians where forming the highest proportion of scientists and engineers compared to population than any other Soviet nationality and modern Armenia shows similar levels of academic success. Unfortunately for the country though this doesn’t prove as much of an advantage to its economy as it might have been as between the continuing troubles in the Caucasus and better academic opportunities elsewhere the country is suffering for constant and severe brain drain.

Recent Military Actions


The Armenian army has been involved one way or the other in several wars during the past two generations.
The Turkish-Armenian war (2249): Having suffered defeat in the 2nd Caucasus war back in 2214 Turkey in the aftermath of its victory in the 2nd Aegean war took advantage of border incidents between Armenian counter-guerrilla forces and Turkish Jandarma forces to declare war. The Turkish invasion was met with quick success initially but was stopped when Russian airborne forces where deployed in Armenia and Russia threatened to declare war outright. French mediation, or rather dictat from the Turkish point of view enforced a peace treaty along the front lines at the time of the ceasefire. These while recovering a considerable part of the territory lost in 2214 still left the rest, alongside notable Turkish and Kurdish minorities to Armenia. Australian and Mozambican troops were deployed in a buffer zone between the two countries a handful remaining to this day.
The Kurdish-Armenian War (2267-2269):  Border incidents between Armenian and Kurdish troops erupted into a limited border war in 2267 after Armenian units crossed into Kurdistan during the incidents. Turkey and the Confederation of Palestine intervened on the Kurdish side and operations start escalating threatening more general war. Russian forces deployed to the Caucasus to intervene in Armenia in case of invasion, Greece while not openly threatening war moved forces in its border with Turkey and Armenia “lent" the services of the Stratiodi military corporation with Russian and Greek special operations operating under its cover, something both governments neither confirm nor deny to this day. Faced with the prospect of more general war, France, Russia and the Ukraine quickly brokered a cease-fire, with the deployment of a peacekeeping force from Australia and Mozambique to monitor the border for a period of seven years and hostilities ceased early in 2269.
The Azeri-Armenian war (2281): Border incidents between Armenian and Azeri troops erupted into a limited border war when elements of the Azeri 104th airborne bde were caught red handed operating on the Armenian side of the border. Not fearing much from Turkey’s side as the latter was involved in the 3rd Arabian at the time Armenian mountain troops and the 41st Guard airborne launched several large scale raids into Armenian territory, Azerbeijan retaliated in kind and things threatened to go out of hand before Russia and Iran in one of the rare cases of working towards the same goal brokered a cease fire.
Central Asian war (2282-2287): An Armenian Volunteer Legion fought on the Russian side during the war with considerable success. The success was somewhat marred by negative publicity from French media over the tactics the legionaries used in dealing with guerrilla activity behind their lines.
The Caucasus insurgency (2286-present): Since 2286 Armenia has had to deal with full blown insurgency in the west and south-east areas of the country annexed at the time of the 2nd Caucasus war in 2214. The Armenian armed forces have shown some notable successes so far like their defeat of the Azeri separatists in 2289-93 but the Başkaldırma (rebellion) as the Turks call it has safe havens in Turkey and Kurdistan.

Foreign Relations and off Earth commitments in 2300



Armenia and Space
Armenia has no extrasolar holdings but Armenian companies have some, quite limited, shares in Russian space interests. The large Armenian diaspora has a rather more distict presence in space that metropolitan Armenia including significant Armenian diaspora populations in Tirane.

America and Australia: Relations are reasonably friendly but indifferent with both countries. There are Armenian diaspora communities of some note in both countries and Australia also sent peecekepers in the aftermath of the Kurdish-Armenian war of 2267.
Arabia: Relations are cordial since Arabia and Armenia share a common conception of Turkey and the Confederation of Palestine as enemies.

Azerbaijan: Seen as “one more bunch of Turks” by post Armenians relations with Azerbeijan have been traditionally bad but are not as poisonous as the relations between Armenia and Turkey.

Bulgaria: Relations have been cordial, ever since Bulgaria was one of the countries to receive Armenian refugees during the Armenian Genocide, while more recently the two countries see Turkey as a common threat. Although the 4 countries of the Aimos have kept for the most part a careful distance from the Caucasian conflict there is some quiet cooperation between the intelligence services of the two countries.

Confederation of Palestine: The Confederation is Turkey’s closest ally and has been so since the 21st century. From the Armenian point of view this is an unfortunate state of affairs, but since the Confederation has chosen its side, as an enemy of Armenia for the past 3 centuries Armenians by now are fully returning the favour.

France: Once France was counted as the main protector of Armenia and after that a close friend but in recent years, particularly after the French Junta and under the 3rd Empire the relationship between France and Armenia has grown increasingly more sour. Multiple factors are at work in bringing forth this state of affairs. French media have been showing in an increasingly bad light the Armenian efforts against the insurgency while a lot of France’s African and Maghrebin populations tend to view the insurgents favourably. Post that France in the name of ‘stabilizing” the Caucasus seeks to increase its influence in the region at the cost of Russian and Iranian influence and since Armenia has no intention to find itself in the position of Georgia if it can be helped this inevitably causes constant friction between Paris and Erevan.

Germany: Relations have been cordial and improved since Armenia has been in the receiving end of French encroachment. But Germany has been traditionally a close friend of Turkey so its careful to balance its relations with Armenia with these with Turkey making arms sales in particular rather difficult.

Georgia: Relations are best described as correct. Georgia is for every practical purpose a French protectorate, complete with the 23e Division de Sécurité Spécial in the role of de facto praetorian guard inside the country. Large scale smuggling in the mountainous border between the two countries further complicates things as does the fact that France when it wants to increase the pressure on Armenia uses Georgia as a base to conduct electronic warfare and the officially Georgian 23e SSD for cross-border raids into Armenia “against paramilitaries and smugglers”.

Greece: Traditionally friendly, Greece nevertheless has largely kept away from the Caucasian conflict in recent years not in the least due to its close relations with France. Still there is some quiet intelligence exchange between the two countries.

Iran: Relations are complicated as Armenia is closely linked to Russia but nit overtly hostile, at least by the standards of the Caucasus.

Kurdistan: Traditionally hostile, the relationship is further complicated by Kurdish support of the insurgents inside Armenia and accasional clashes between Armenian and Kurdish troops.

Manchuria: Manchuria would like to get involved in the Caucasus in order to inconvenience the French and Russians. Since this would be suicidal on the Armenian part and Manchuria is also a primary arm supplier of Turkey, Kurdistan and the Confederation most Manchurian overtures were the way of Azerbeijan and Armenians quickly turned down any half-hearted overtures directed their way.

Russia: Russia has been Armenians closest ally and protector for the past two centuries and Armenia plays for Russia a role similar to that played by Georgia for France with the very notable difference that Armenia remains a much more independent agent. France has tried to sour the Russo-Armenian relation as part of its efforts to increase its influence in the Caucasus but the Russians while allied with France against Manchuria are anything but cooperative in the French efforts to increase their Caucasian influence.

Turkey: Relations are best described as poisonous and at the brink of war. The two nations have been at odds since the time of the Hamidian massacres and the Armenian genocide and in the 4 centuries afterwards constant conflict did nothing to improve things.
DEFENCE ISSUES

For Armenia the main external threat is that poised by Turkey and its Kurdish allies.

Turkey has made no bones over its intentions to recover “all land lost to Armenia” whether that is in 2214 or among more nationalist circles the land lost to Armenia back in the time after the 3rd world war. The countries have already fought twice over the last 50 years and today clashes between Armenian and Turkish troops, particularly Armenian Border Guard troops and Turkish Jandarma are quite common.

Azerbeizan is also a threat but considered less dangerous than Turkey. To this also contributes that Azerbeijan is directly bordering Russia and Russia would not be adverse bringing it under its influence or even entirely absorbing it. Thus the majority of Azeri forces are poised north facing the Russians.

Georgia would not be a threat by itself although the two countries have some border disputes. But since Georgia is for effective purposes a protectorate of France it is being used as the springboard of French operations directed at Armenia. Elements of the 23e Division de Sécurité Spécial have repeatedly made incursions into Armenian territory, while France maintains that the division is under Georgian control and there to stop Armenian incursions into Georgia, a claim that is not always wrong since quite a lot of smuggling happens over the Georgian-Armenian border. While problematic this is hardly a life or death threat for Armenia as French goals in their involvement in the Caucasus are rather more limited in nature.

Since 2286 the country also has to deal with the insurgency to its west which it has failed to quell so far. To no small extend this is the result of the aid the insurgents have been receiving from outside Armenia, primarily Turkey and Kurdistan which operate as safe havens for the insurgents and also provide, training, volunteers and weapons. The Armenian army and air force along ministry of the interior troops have been heavily involved in the fighting so far often finding themselves clashing with their Turkish and Kurdish counterparts. Armenian paramilitaries, mostly local civil guards units formed by Armenian settlers and loyalists have often proved a trouble for their own side in recent years as continuing fighting has radicalized many of them while others have been involved in less savory deals like smuggling operations over the Georgian border.


ORGANIZATION

The Armenian army loosely follows Russian lines of organization and nomenclature. This dates back to the time of the formation of the 2nd republic in the early 21st century as most major formations were inherited from the Soviet era Transcaucasus military district.


The 7th Army the strongest of the 2 corps sized formation is stationed in the west of the country to meet the threat of a possible Turkish invasion and counter the insurgents. The much weaker Eastern army command is poised towards the Azeri border. The extensive borders with Georgia are for the most part covered by Border Guard units belonging to the ministry of the interior.
The 3 Motorized Rifle Divisions all are organized in a similar way with 3 motorized rifle brigades each in addition to support elements.
On the brigade level the Motorized Rifled brigades are following the Russian model being organized as square brigades of 2 armored and 2 infantry battalions each. The battalions are largely peacetime administrative formations. In operations each brigade would form 4 kampfgruppe by moving companies between the battalions.
On the battalion level, MRD infantry battalions consist of 4 companies of 14 IFV each in addition to a headquarters company with 2 more IFVs and a heavy weapons company including 4 124 mm self propelled mortars. Armor battalions have 4 squadrons of 14 tanks each. Artillery battalions consist of 4 batteries of 4 artillery pieces each. ADA battalions of 4 batteries of 4 launchers each.

Infantry brigades are organized with 1 tank and 3 infantry battalions. The latter are organized differently from the infantry battalions of the Motorized Rifle Divisions with 1 company on IFVs and 3 companies on soft skinned vehicles.



DIVISIONS AND OTHER NOTABLE UNITS

41st Guards airborne brigade
A veteran unit of the Twilight war, the 41st became part of the Armenian army afterwards. Currently the 41st is probably the most prestigious unit in the army and arguably the best and hardest trained in the whole army although the 2 mountain infantry brigades often contest the title.
1st Mountain Infantry Brigade
A specialized light infantry formation 1st mountain and the sister 2nd Mountain bde are often used as the spearhead in counter-insurgent operations while forming the CiC strategic reserve in case of war.
146th Artillery Brigade
A direct descendant of the Soviet 146th Artillery Division.
10th Reconnaissance Battalion
Behind the innocuous name hide Armenia’s special operation forces. Very little is known over the unit’s composition and operation. Claims on the other hand about its actions both positive and negative abound. The only thing certain is that the unit often works in tandem with its Russian counterparts.
164th Motorized Rifle Division
A veteran of the Twilight war.
14th Motorized Rifle Division
A veteran of the Twilight war.
13th Motorized Rifle Division
A veteran of the Twilight war.
26th Rifle Brigade
A direct descendant of the Soviet 26th Motorized Rifle Division.
261st Rifle Brigade
A direct descendant of the Soviet 261st Motorized Rifle Division.

PERSONNEL AND RANK STRUCTURE

The Armenian army is a mixed force of regulars and conscripts with the regulars making up a little over half the army in peacetime. Civic service is universal for all Armenians at the end of secondary education with potential recruits being able to select between army, Border Guards and civilian service. Around 15% of each yearly class (and 5% for females) ends in the army. Regular soldiers are recruited from soldiers that have completed service first.


Military service is a minimum 3 years, including 6 months of basic training. After it reservists follow 4 weeks refresher training every year till the age of 40 when they are released from the reserves.
Noncoms are chosen from promising recruits. Candidates are then sent to the army’s Basic NCO course from where they graduate as either corporals or sergeants. Upon completion of the service sergeants can re-enlist for active duty according to the needs of the service usually under a 7 year contract that can be renewed later. Ranks above that of sergeant are thus entirely professionals.

Officers are coming either from Armenia’s national military academy or are reserve officers. The latter are chosen from conscripts with leadership potential who are sent to the 4 month long officer candidate school becoming junior lieutenants. A small number of candidates, about 15-20 each year are sent to Russian military schools instead.



NOTES

Overall we have 11 active brigades and 7 reserve ones. 23 SSD is James Boschma’s and so are quite a number of the conflicts Armenia finds itself involved in.

On the view on what the exact situation in Armenian vis a vis the insurgency is everything is open to interpretations. We know from ECBS, hardly the best of sources, that some sort of Turkish insurgency is going on. We know nothing else past that. So if you want real life analogies you can see Armenia either in the position of Serbia in the 1990s or in the equivalent of the position of Israel and the Palestinians post independence and in particular post 1967. Obviously this piece takes largely the second view.

Russian heavy equipment comes from Mike J’s excellent Russia in 2300AD which can be found here http://www.geocities.com/pmj6/russia.htm. Mexican equipment from Greg Hunter’s Mexico in 2300AD.



EQUIPMENT

Tanks

The Caucasus Mountains are hardly territory suitable for hover vehicles and thus the Armenian army is showing a marked preference for tracked and wheeled ones over them.

The most modern tank in Armenian service is the Russian BT-94B. While not as heavily armoured as contemporary designs like the Turkish Mk.6 Pars tank or even French AC-10s in use with Georgia its mobility on mountainous terrain is also unmatched by most of them. Barely enough have been bought to arm the units of the 164th Motorized Rifle Division and while the Armenian army hopes to place additional orders the high costs involved make the complete replacement of older tanks a rather dim prospect in any timeframe before 2315-2320.

The bulk of the army is still armed with the much older BT-64B tank a Russian design now in its 4th decade of line. In the passing decades the Armenians have put them through a variety of modifications and currently serious though is being given at a more thorough modernization especially since the appearance of the Pars tank on the other side of the border.



Infantry fighting vehicles

Armenia has purchased a number of BMP-106M IFVs alongside with the BT-94B. Most units though are armed with the Argentine designed VLI-45 wheeled IFV which has been bought both new and second hand from Mexico.



Small Arms
Paratroopers and the mountain brigade have been armed with the Russian AS-89 assault rifle. The rest of the army is still armed with the older but excellent AMM-2264 assault rifle.

Snipers are armed with the Russian SVB laser rifle.



Support Weapons

Units are armed with either the RPS-89 or the LMG version of the AMM-2264 and the German M-6 plasma guns while a number of heavy DunArm co Mini-12s are also in service.

Heavier weapons include Mexican made Tipo-14 80mm mortars and the Russian 124mm 2S61 "Kashtan" SP mortars. The Australian F63 Red Back multi-purpose missile is being used in the light anti-armor and anti-aircraft roles.

Artillery
Motorized Rifle Brigade artillery battalions are armed with the Russian 2S55 "Tucha" 153mm self-propelled howitzer. Rifle, Mountain and Paratrooper brigades are using the much lighter FNA Tipo-21 110mm SP gun on a 6x6 wheeled vehicle. Rocket artillery battalions are equipped with 2A225 "Vikhr" 160mm multiple rocket launchers while the two heavy artillery battalions of the 146th artillery brigade have Mexican made Tipo-29 250mm SP guns.

Quite a bit of money has gone to a modern air defence network and while a part of it is under Armenian air force control the army is operating the modern 2S57 "Palash" and 9L11 systems, imported from Russia, for close and medium range air defence respectively.



Combat Walkers

The Armenians are using the Argentine IMCA-1 combat walker itself a copy of the Manchurian Type-4 CW. While the army would like a more modern design a variety of political and economic issues had kept it from acquiring one since France has Armenia under a de facto arms embargo, Manchuria will not sell for security reasons given Armenia’s Russian connections and Germany while in principle willing to sell has backed down in the face of Turkish threats to stop its LkPz-9 program should Germany sell modern equipment to Armenia.



Appendix A. Selected Unit Organization
Motorized Rifle division

HQ company

Signal Battalion

ADA Battalion

4 ADA batteries (4 9L11 AA each)

Artillery Battalion

4 batteries (2A225 "Vikhr" each)

MI battalion

Recon company (12 BMP-106M)

MP Company

Reconnaissance Company

3 Motorized Rifle brigades, each

HQ company

2 Tank Battalions, each

HQ company (2 AFV)

4 tank companies (14 AFV each)

Heavy weapons company (4 2S61 "Kashtan" mortars)

2 Infantry Battalions, each

HQ Company (2 IFV)

4 infantry companies (14 IFV each)

Heavy weapons company (4 2S61 "Kashtan" mortars)

Artillery Battalion

4 batteries (4 2S55 "Tucha" each)

Engineer Battalion

Combat Walker Company (24 IMCA-1)

ADA Battery (4 2S57 "Palash")

Support Battalion

Signal Company

Reconnaissance Company (12 BMP-106M)



Rifle brigade

HQ company

Tank Battalion

HQ company (2 BT-64B)

4 tank companies (14 BT-64B each)

Heavy weapons company (4 2S61 "Kashtan" mortars)

3 Infantry Battalions, each

HQ Company (2 VLI-45)

1 Rifle Company (14 VLI-45)

3 infantry companies

Heavy weapons company (4 2S61 "Kashtan" mortars)

Artillery Battalion

4 batteries (4 Tipo-21 each)

Engineer Battalion

Combat Walker Company (24 IMCA-1)

ADA Battery (4 2S57 "Palash")

Support Battalion

Signal Company



Reconnaissance Company (12 BMP-106M)

Copyright 2007, Demetrios Rammos


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