The American Revolution (ap & P) – Ch 9 Terms to Know



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The American Revolution

(AP & P) – Ch 9
Terms to Know:


  1. Quartering Ace – this act forced colonists to provide food and shelter for British soldiers stationed in the colonies

  2. Sugar Act - A tax placed on sugar and molasses

  3. Stamp Act – A tax placed on all legal documents including newspapers, diplomas, and playing cards. This tax was required to be paid in silver (an additional hardship) –must use the king’s stamped paper

  4. Declaratory Act – The Act declared the king’s power to tax the colonists in all matters whatsoever

  5. Townshend Acts – A tax placed on all glass, paper, paint, lead and tea. This tax also had to be paid in silver. The money was used to pay the salaries of the governor and British soldiers. It also suspended New York’s assemblies.

  6. Tea Act - (1773) Gave the British East India Company total contr9l over American tea trade

  7. Intolerable Acts – Also called the Coercive Acts

    • Closed the ports of Boston to all ships until colonists agreed to pay for the tea they dumped in Boston Harbor

    • It restricted colonial governments from meeting

    • It allowed British commanders who committed crimes in the colonies to be tried in British courts.

    • It allowed British commanders to house British troops in colonial homes

8. Writs of Assistance – Legal papers that allowed British officers to search colonial home at any time for any purpose



9. Thomas Gage – A British commander appointed governor of Massachusetts by King George II to

Control the British troops stationed in the colonies

10. King George II - The British monarch who did not want colonists moving west of the

Appalachian Mountains

11. Crispus Attucks – The first black colonist to die in the cause of liberty in the colonies at the

Boston Massacre

12. Patrick Henry – The colonial patriot that spoke out in the cause of liberty and breaking ties with

the British. He is known for his speech in which he said, “Give me liberty or given me death.”

13. Boston Massacre – the propaganda name given to an incident where British soldiers opened fire

on a colonial mob who had taunted and thrown snowballs at them. It resulted in the death of 5

colonists.

14. First Continental Congress – Delegates from every colony except Georgia, met in Philadelphia

to ban all trade with Britain until the Intolerable Acts were repealed. It also called for the

colonies to begin training soldiers.

15. No Taxation Without Representation – the battle cry of the American Revolution –noted by

James Otis because the colonies were being taxed by Britain, yet they had no representation in

Parliament

16. Repel – to do away with – to take back – to rescind

17. Monopoly – Total and exclusive control over the marketing or sales of a product. King George

gave The British East India Co. a monopoly on tea in the colonies

18. Militia - An army of ordinary citizens rather than professional soldiers



19. Boycott – A refusal to buy


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