The American Revolution (Answer all 4 "Stop & Think" Questions on your own)



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The American Revolution

(Answer all 4 “Stop & Think” Questions on your own)


Glorious Revolution & Impact on American Revolution:


Stop & Think: Who is Thomas Paine?



  1. The Thirteen Colonies

    • Parliament passed the _______________ _____________ to regulate colonial trade and manufacturing under mercantilist policies.

      • *The colonial economy should be carefully controlled by Britain to make sure that the mother country’s economic power continues to grow

    • Colonists shared common values, respect for individual enterprise, and a growing self-confidence…Their own identity separate from Britain.

  1. Growing Discontent

    • Stop & Think: “No taxation without Representation”…What does this mean?


    • “Boston Massacre” bostonmassacre


    • Boston Tea Party boston tea party




Stop & Think: How does this cartoon suggest Benjamin Franklin’s attitude toward colonial involvement in the war?
joindie


  1. Declaring Independence

  • George _______________ in command of the _______________ ______________

  • Second Continental Congress voted to declare independence from Britain

  • Thomas _________________ was the chief author of the ________________________________________, which reflects the ideas of John Locke

  1. The Declaration of Independence

  • Reflects Enlightenment ideas of ________________ (pg 461)

  • Emphasized the principle of ____________ ______________

  • Listed the colonists ___________________ against Britain

  • What were the grievances that led American colonists to write the Declaration of Independence? (List 10)

  • 1.

  • 2.

  • 3.

  • 4.

  • 5.

  • 6.

  • 7.

  • 8.

  • 9.

  • 10.

  • Stop & Think: When was the Declaration of Independence written?



  • Stop & Think: What was the purpose of the Declaration of Independence?



  1. Advantages of the colonists

  • Colonists were fighting on there own soil for their farms and towns

  • They controlled the country side

  • Colonists were fighting for INDEPENDENCE

  • Inspiring military leader in George Washington

Disadvantages of the colonists



  • 1/3 of the colonists were loyalists, those who supported Britain

  • Britain had professional soldiers, a huge fleet, and plentiful money

  • Continental Congress had few military resources and little money to pay its soldiers




  1. The Battles!

The British are coming…

paul revere\'s ride

The shot hear around the world



shot hear round the world

  • First two battles: ________________________________

  • Turning point: The Battle of ___________________ = Colonists gain French support

  • British commander, Cornwallis, surrenders at the Battle of _______________

  • Treaty of Paris




  1. The Articles of Confederation-Weaknesses

  • A unicameral Congress
    [9 of 13 votes to pass a law].

  • 13 out of 13 to amend.

  • Representatives were frequently absent.

  • Could not ______________________.

  • No _______________ or _____________ branches.

  1. The Constitution of the United States of America

    • _______________ ideas of Locke, Montesquieu, and Rousseau

    • Created a _________________________: power divided between the federal government and state government

    • _______________________: legislative, executive, and judicial

    • Checks and balances

    • Bill of Rights

US CONSTITUTION: An Enlightenment Document

ENLIGHTENMENT IDEA

  • John Locke – a government’s power come from the ___________ of the people

US CONSTITUTION

  • Preamble begins “We the people…”

  • creates ________________ government

  • _________ government powers


ENLIGHTENMENT IDEA

  • Montesquieu – separation of powers

US CONSTITUTION


ENLIGHTENMENT IDEA

  • Rousseau – direct democracy

US CONSTITUTION

  • public election of president and Congress


ENLIGHTENMENT IDEA

  • Voltaire – free speech, religious toleration

US CONSTITUTION

  • Bill of Rights provides for freedom of speech and religion



  1. Limited Freedom

    • White males who met certain ___________ requirements could vote




  1. Looking Ahead

  • Constitution of the United States created the most progressive government of its day

  • Enlightenment ideas that sparked the American Revolution will bring changes in Europe (French Revolution)


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