Th Grade Ancient Israel Study Guide People we met: Abraham



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6th Grade Ancient Israel Study Guide

People we met:

  1. Abraham

    1. Settled in Canaan

    2. Introduced the concept of monotheism (God told him “to go and raise a great nation”)

    3. Began the monotheistic tradition of the Hebrew faith

  2. Moses

    1. Mother put him in a basket and placed him in the Nile  pharaoh’s daughter found him

    2. Became an advisor to the pharaoh

    3. Demanded freedom for the Israelites and led them out of Egypt  into the Sinai Desert

    4. The Ten Commandments

  3. Joshua: was a great patriarch of Judaism- guided the Israelites to invade Canaan

  4. Antiochus: took over rule of Judah in 168 B.C. –pushed the Jews to follow only Greek ways

  5. Alexander the Great: defeated the Persians in 331 B.C. and introduced Greek language, religion, and customs to Judah

  6. Saul: a warrior-farmer who was chosen to be King by the Israelites. He disappointed God’s commands and was replaced by David

  7. David

    1. Brave soldier who defeated the Philistine giant, Goliath

    2. Chosen by the prophet Samuel to be king (became king after Saul and Jonathan were killed in battle)

    3. Moved the capital to Jerusalem

  8. Goliath: the Philistine giant killed by David

  9. Solomon

    1. Son of David

    2. Extensive building in Jerusalem (building of a great temple)

    3. Heavily taxed the people and made them work in mines

    4. Known for writing proverbs

  10. Nebuchadnezzar: King of the Chaldeans who captured Jerusalem and forced the Jews to leave

  11. Judas Maccabeus: a priest who led the army (the Maccabees) and drove the Greeks out of Judah

  12. King Herod: King of Judaea appointed by the Romans

Terms we learned:

  1. Monotheism: the belief in one god

  2. Tribe: a group of related families

  3. Covenant: agreement with God

  4. Torah: Laws from God

  5. Hebrew: language of the Jews

  6. 10 Commandments: Similar to Hammurabi’s Code—set of laws but no punishments defined and believed to have come from God

  7. Prophet: messenger of God

  8. Tribute: tax paid by a conquered nation to the nation that conquered them

  9. Psalms: sacred songs

  10. Proverbs: a short wise saying usually offering advice

  11. Exile: to be kicked out of your country

  12. Scrolls: long documents made from pieces of parchment sewn together

  13. Synagogue: Jewish house of worship

  14. Sabbath: sundown Friday to sundown Saturday (day of worship and rest)

  15. Diaspora: refers to the scattering of communities of Jews outside their homeland after the Babylonian captivity

  16. Messiah: a deliverer sent by God

  17. Dead Sea Scrolls: ancient scrolls found near the dead sea that helped historians understand more about Judaism during Roman times

  18. Kosher: prepared according to Jewish dietary law

  19. Exodus: the departure of the Israelites out of slavery in Egypt

  20. Rabbis: religious leaders – official leader of a Jewish congregation

  21. Great Temple: temple King Solomon built in Jerusalem

  22. Macabees: army of Judas Maccabees

Also:

  • Review timeline on pgs. 138-139

  • How many tribes made up the Ancient Israelites: 12

  • What happened to those tribes over time? Over time some tribes settled in Egypt (due to drought and famine) and where they were subjected to pharaoh rule and slavery.

  • The holiday of Passover celebrates God’s passing over of the Jews during the final plague in Egypt that enabled the Jews to return to the Promised Land.

  • The holiday of Hanukkah celebrates the Maccabees’ victory, and reclaiming of the temple in Jerusalem.



Pharisees

Sadducees

Essenes



  • Taught in synagogues and applied teachings of the Torah to daily life



  • Told people to resist Roman control



  • They did not appeal to the common people but appealed to the wealthy



  • Wanted cooperation with the Romans

  • Priests who broke away from the Temple in Jerusalem





  • Spent their lives praying and waiting for God to deliver the Jews from Roman rule.



Know where these places are located 

Essay:

  • Choose 3 events you learned about the Ancient Israelites that you think were the most important in the chapter

  • Write a headline for each event that might have appeared in a newspaper of that time.

  • Write 3-5 sentences for each explaining why it is an important event.


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