Text: The United States Federal Government should propose through binding consultation to Brazil that it should



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Consult Brazil CP

1NC

Text: The United States Federal Government should propose through binding consultation to Brazil that it should

(insert plan)

The United States Federal Government should support this proposal during consultation. The United States Federal Government should abide by the results of consultation. We’ll clarify




Observation 1: Competition

1. “Resolved” means “to make a firm decision about”, American Heritage Dictionary, 03 – indicates certainty

2. “Should” means “used to express obligation”, Dictionary.com, 03.

3. The CP also tests the immediacy and certainty of the plan. Voting for the aff has the opportunity cost of preventing using the aff in negotiations with Brazil.




Observation 2: US-Brazil Relations:

Genuine consultation revitalizes US-Brazilian relations.


Einaudi ’11 (Luigi R., Distinguished Visiting fellow in the Center for Strategic research, institute for national Strategic Studies, “Brazil and the United States: The Need for Strategic Engagement,” March 2011, .pdf)
The United States has a basic national security in- terest in Brazil’s continuing democratic and market- oriented success, which improves its will and capacity to help address pressing global problems. We are in a rapidly changing period of international relations, in which a high premium is put on skilled and effective diplomacy in order to provide a measure of management to situa- tions that could spin out of control. We are still haunted by nuclear weapons. In these circumstances, Brazil plays an important role. It is in the U.S. interest to find as many ways as possible not only to cooperate with Brazil, but also to engage with Brasilia as a regional and global partner in the maintenance of peace and prosperity. A prerequisite for improved mutual engagement will be changes in perspective on both sides. Mutually benefi- cial engagement requires the United States to welcome Brazil’s emergence as a global power. Brazil is more than a tropical China35; it is culturally and politically close to the United States and Europe. Brazil, in turn, needs to realize that the United States accepts its rise. Brazil also needs to recognize that the United States still matters greatly to Brasilia and that more can be achieved work- ing with Washington than against it. The United States and Brazil have vast overlapping in- terests, but a formal strategic partnership is probably out of the question for both countries. In the United States, Brazil must compete for policy attention with China, India, Rus- sia, Japan, Mexico, and several European countries. It poses no security threat to the United States. Moreover, despite Brazil’s importance in multilateral organizations, particu- larly the UN, Brazil can be of limited practical assistance at best to the United States in its two current wars. Brazil’s interests, in turn, may be fairly said to include the need to distinguish itself from the United States. Diplomatically, this means neither country can expect automatic agreement from the other. Interests differ and it may be politically nec- essary to highlight differences even when interests are simi- lar. But both countries should make every effort to develop a habit of “permanent consultation” in an effort to coordinate policies, work pragmatically together where interests are common, and reduce surprises even while recognizing that specific interests and policies often may differ. A first operational step, therefore, is for both countries to hold regular policy-level consultations, increase exchanges of information, and coordinate carefully on multilateral matters. This is much easier said than done. The list of global issues on which Brazil is becoming a major player includes conflict resolution, all aspects of energy, including nuclear matters, all types of trade, the environment, space, and the development of internation- al law, including law of the seas and nonproliferation. To share information and ensure effective consultation on so many functional issues will require finding ways to lessen the geographic stovepiping natural to bureaucracy. The U.S. Department of State, for example, has historically organized itself into geographical bureaus responsible for relations with countries in particular regions, leaving functional issues to offices organized globally. This orga- nization hampers the exchange of information and con- sultation with countries such as Brazil, whose reach and policies go beyond their particular geographic region. One result is that multilateral affairs are still often an isolated afterthought in the U.S. Government. Are there things the United States and Brazil could do, whether bi- laterally or in the World Trade Organization, that would offset some of the negative effects of the China trade on manufacturing in both their countries?36 Just posing the question reveals the complexity of the task.

Strong US-Brazil relations solve every major global problem.


Bodman ’11 (Samuel W. and James D. Wolfensohn, Chairs Julia E. Sweig, Project Director, Council on Foreign Relations, “Global Brazil and U.S.-Brazil Relations,” Independent Task Force Report No. 66, .pdf)
Cooperation between the United States and Brazil holds too much promise for miscommunication or inevitable disagreements to stand in the way of potential gains. A strengthened U.S.-Brazil relationship could be the basis for economic growth in Brazil, the United States, and globally, as well as for lasting peace and democratic stability in the region, nuclear nonproliferation, international progress on combating climate change, development of a global renewable energy market, global food security, and more legitimate and effective international institutions. Presidents Obama and Rousseff have laid the groundwork for progress on many of these fronts. The moment to build on this positive foundation is now.

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