Texas as a Province and Republic 1795-1845 Author Index

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Reel: 1
Borden, Thomas Henry, 1804-1877, and others.

The memorial of Thomas H. Borden and others, to the honorable the House of Representatives, respectfully presents proposals for the selection of Fort Bend as the future Seat of Government.

[Columbia: Printed at the Telegraph Office]. [1836]

116; [Signed at end:] Thos. H. Borden, For self and others.; Broadside. 25.3 x 19.8 cm.; Borden called attention to the healthfulness of the site on a high bluff on the Brazos and to the fact that Fort Bend was served by regular steam navigation from the mouth of the river. He and his associates offered to build and donate to the government suitable houses for congress and the offices of government. The Senate Journal for November 25, 1836, reports that Mr. Everitt presented the proposals of G. and T.H. Borden to locate the seat of government at Fort Bend. Borden, a brother of Gail and John P. Borden, joined the Austin colony in Texas in 1824 and so was the first of the three brothers to enter Texas. The interesting sketch of him in the Handbook of Texas tells of his services in the Texas Revolution, of his helping his brother Gail Borden and Joseph Baker found the Telegraph and Texas Register in the fall of 1835, and of his association with his two brothers in laying out the town of Houston.; Locations: Tx.

Reel: 1
Boston. Convention to Consider Proposed Annexation of Texas, 1845.

Proceedings of a Convention of Delegates chosen by the People of Massachusetts, without distinction of party, and assembled at Faneuil Hall, in the City of Boston, on Wednesday, the 29th day of January, A.D. 1845, to take into consideration the Proposed Annexation of Texas to the United States.

Boston. Eastburn's Press. 1845

1565; Published by order of the Convention. 18 p. 24 cm. Printed paper wrappers.; Wrapper title: Proceedings of a Convention of Delegates assembled at Faneuil Hall, in the City of Boston, to take into consideration the proposed Annexation of Texas. This convention, which had assembled only a day or so after the House of Representatives had passed the joint resolution for annexation, adopted an Address to the People of the United States, p. [4]-18, charging that such action would violate the Constitution and promote slavery. The story of the convention is told in a brilliant address entitled, Charles Allen of Worcester, delivered by Senator George F. Hoar at the October, 1901, meeting of the American Antiquarian Society (reprinted in the Proceedings and also issued as a separate). Senator Hoar tells how on the Sunday before the meeting Daniel Webster dictated the first part of the address to Charles Allen and Stephen C. Phillips. They adjourned to meet the next day, but Mr. Webster did not appear and nothing was heard from him. Late in the day Messrs. Allen and Phillips heard to their dismay that Webster had gone to New York, and Judge Allen was compelled to finish the address for the meeting on Wednesday. Senator Hoar continues that on that Monday it was reported that "a large pecuniary contribution for Mr. Webster was raised among the business men of Boston" and that Webster, who had been regarded as a "Conscience Whig" then joined forces with the "Cotton Whigs." Webster is said by Senator Hoar to have dictated the constitutional argument which ends at the second paragraph on page 10, the rest of the address being by Judge Allen. I am indebted to Mr. Winkler for calling Senator Hoar's address to my attention. There is an interesting account of the Faneuil Hall meeting in Some Recollections of our Antislavery Conflict by Samuel J. May, Boston, 1869 (p. 317-320). That this pamphlet was reprinted at least once is shown by two copies in the Massachusetts Historical Society which differ slightly in the setup of the text on pages 17 and 18.; Sabin 45939.; Locations: CSmH. CtY. DLC. MB. MH. NHi. NN. TxGR. TxH. TxSa. TxU. TxWB. TWS. Also other libraries.

Reel: 35
Bourgeois D'Orvanne, Al.

Compagnie Générale de Colonisation. … 1843.

See Compagnie Générale de Colonisation, entry No. 1452.
Bourne, Simon A.G.

Observations upon the Mexican Province of Texas.

London: Printed by William and Samuel Graves, Sherbourn Lane, Lombard Street. [At end:] William and Samuel Graves, Printers, Sherbourn Lane, London. 1828

1099; 16 p. 23 cm. Stitched. These Observations, apparently founded in part on first-hand knowledge, give a brief but good account of the physical characteristics of Texas, its population, climate, fertility of the soil, and so on, with a section at the end, "Grants of Land for Colonization," that especially mentions the grant to General Wavell along the south bank of the Red River, with shorter references to the grants to Milam and Austin. It is a fair guess that the pamphlet was issued to aid Wavell's project. It is worth noting that the printer of the Observations was also the printer of the Laws of Colonization published in London in 1828 (entry No. 1101). On page 16 there is a reference, "See the annexed Map." My copy is in the original stitching and there is no sign of a map having once been present. It may have been intended to publish with the pamphlet Sidney Hall's map, Mexico. and Guatimala. Corrected from original information communicated by Simon A.G. Bourne Esq., London, 1828, a separate of which is in my collection. Bourne was in London at the time the Observations were published and in touch there with Wavell and the latter's associate, Benjamin Milam. See the note to Wavell's Grant, entry No. 1105. That Bourne had some familiarity with Texas is indicated by the footnote to his account in Ward's Mexico in 1827 (entry No. 1104), of a visit to Sonora and Cinaloa (p. 559-591 of Vol. I), where he mentions a similarity between part of the country visited and part of Texas south of Espirito Santo Bay. In the Observations, at page 9, is a note regarding a visit Bourne made to western Louisiana in 1821. It would be interesting to learn more about him. Locations: ICN. TWS.

Reel: 20
Bowery Theatre, New York.

Bowery Theatre.

Thomas Snowden, Printer, 58 Wall street, Courier & Enquirer Office. [New York]. [1845]

1566; Grand Gala Night!! Gen. Lamar, Ex-President of Texas Com. Moore, of the Texian Navy, Accompanied by Col. Polk, Brother of the President Elect ... Wm. S. Pierson, Esq., Texian Consul, and other distinguished gentlemen, will visit the Theatre To-Night! The Theatre Will Be Brilliantly Decorated! With the Flags of many Nations, among which, in honour of the guests, the Lone Star of Texas ... Saturday, January 11, 1845 The performance will commence with the New Comedy, by Dion Bourcicault, Esq., entitled Old Heads and Young Hearts … ; Broadside. 60 15 cm.; Members of the staffs of the New-York Historical Society and the New York Public Library were good enough to check their files of New York newspapers for reference to this Grand Gala Night, but could find nothing.; Locations: TWS.

Reel: 35
Bradley, Abraham, d. 1838.

Map of the United States Intending Chiefly to Exhibit the Post Roads & Distances.

Engrav'd & Printed by W. Harrison, Georgetown, D.C. [1826]

1088; 118 x 155 cm.; Graphic scale: about 28 miles to the inch. Prime meridian: Washington. Inset: North America. [With subsidiary inset:] Sketch shewing continuance of Parry's Track 1819. Under the legend "Part of Texas," the region shown on this large scale map extends on the Texas coast line to as far west as the mouth of the Colorado River. The Red River is the boundary on the north and the Sabine, to the 32d parallel and thence in a line north to the Red River, is the boundary on the east. The coast line at the mouths of the Trinity, Brazos and Colorado is quite poorly shown and justifies the statement on the map, "This coast is very imperfectly known." The only town shown in "Part of Texas" is Nacogdoches. The Library of Congress dates this map "1825 or later" as it shows Illinois counties formed in 1825, but not those formed in 1826. It does not show Arkansas counties formed in 1826. This is the first of the editions of Bradley's map, published since the first edition of 1796, to show any considerable part of Texas. It illustrates the lack of knowledge of Texas at this time.; Locations: DLC. MB.

Reel: 19
Brazoria County. Citizens.

... [A summary of the proceedings of a meeting on annexation held at Brazoria on December 21, 1844, with a report, including the text of seventeen resolutions adopted, signed at end by:] Branch T. Archer, Chairman, [and four Secretaries].

[Columbia: Printed at the Planter Office]. [1844]

584. Broadside in three columns. 54.8 x 22.5 cm.; At head: Supplement of The Planter. Monday Morning, Dec. 23. The moving spirits behind this meeting favoring annexation seem to have been Branch T. Archer, E.M. Pease and Thomas Jefferson Green. The resolutions criticize "the apparent opposition of the late Executive," that is, Houston, to annexation which is vigorously favored in the seventeen resolutions.; Locations: TWS.

Reel: 9
Brazoria. Anniversary Ball.


[Columbia? Printed at the Telegraph Office?]. [1837]

188; [Invitation dated Brazoria, February 21, 1837, signed by G.B. McKinstry and fifteen other managers including Edwin Waller, Anson Jones, and B.T. Archer, "to the first anniversary ball, to be given at Mrs. Jane H. Long's, in the town of Brazoria, on Tuesday evening, the 2nd of March next."]; Broadside. 17.9 x 11.3 cm.; On the copy seen the words "Tuesday evening" have a line drawn through them, probably because March 2, 1837, came on a Thursday and not a Tuesday.; Locations: TxU (printed on pale blue paper).

Reel: 2
Brazoria. Ayuntamiento.

The Ayuntamiento of Brazoria to the Ayuntamiento of [blank for name of place].

[Brazoria: Printed at the Office of the Advocate of the People's Rights]. [1834]

44; [With text beginning:] The Ayuntamiento of the Jurisdiction of Brazoria have been impelled, both by the present unsettled state of our political affairs, and by the request of our agent in Mexico, (Col. Austin,) to trouble you with the following communication. ... [Signed and dated at end:] Edwin Waller, President, Wm. H. Wharton, 1st Regidor, Henry S. Brown, 2d Regidor, Peyton R. Splane, Syndico Procurador. Attest, Henry Smith, Secretary. Brazoria, January 2, 1834.; Broadside in three columns. 41.5 x 33.9 cm.; This is an interesting and important document for it sets forth the opinions of the leaders at Brazoria at the beginning of 1834 as to what should be the attitude of Texas towards Mexico. This was before news had reached Texas of Austin's arrest. It is all the more interesting as William H. Wharton, one of the signers, was usually regarded as a member of what might be called the "war party." The Ayuntamiento reviews "our agent's" letters from Mexico City, which they say are dated July 24 (entry No. 35), and October 2 and 16, 1833. I can find no record in the Austin Papers of the letter of October 16 and I hardly think that by the letter of October 2 is meant Austin's well-known letter to the ayuntamiento of Bexar of that date, which brought about his arrest while on his way back to Texas early in 1834. They then continue with a discussion of the relations of Texas to the general government and set forth certain conclusions. One is that organization of a state government without consent of the general government would "amount to war" and that as the general government seems to be receptive to a grant of state government and to repeal of the Act of April 6, 1830, it would be "precipitate and indefensible" to proceed now to organize a state government. Another conclusion is that if the law of April 6 is repealed, delay in granting statehood would not of itself justify setting up a state government and that unless there were also acts of oppression, world opinion would be against a revolt and such revolt would fail. The final conclusion is that if the act of April 6 is not repealed and statehood is not granted, then a general convention should be called. The other ayuntamientos are requested to state their views. Dr. Barker gives a short summary of this printed address in a note at page 460 of his Life of Austin from the copy in the Bexar Archives. I have not noticed any modern reprinting of this important document.; Locations: CU-B. TxU. TWS.

Reel: 1
Brazoria. Ayuntamiento.

To His Excellency the Governor and Congress of the State of Coahuila and Texas.

[Brazoria: Printed at the Office of the Advocate of the People's Rights]. [1834?]

45; [Text begins:] The petition of the undersigned, inhabitants of the Jurisdiction of Brazoria, respectfully represents, that, some time in the year 1832, we were informed by the Ayuntamiento of Austin that the Congress of the state had divided the Jurisdiction of Austin into two Jurisdictions...[Signed at end:] Edwin Waller, Alcalde and President of the Ayuntamiento, Wm. H. Wharton, 1st Regidor, Henry S. Brown, 2d. Regidor. Henry Smith, Sec'y.; Broadside with space for signatures below text. 30.3 x 38.3 cm.; The petitioners say they are informed that their election in December, 1833, as members of the Ayuntamiento of Brazoria for the year 1834, which had been certified to the government by Henry Smith, the alcalde for 1833, has not been recognized by the government and they call attention to the judgments entered, sales made of property on execution, settlement of estates and other matters determined by the local court, all of which would be invalid if the court was not properly set up. It is stated that John A. Wharton, Edmund St. John Hawkins and B.F. Cage have been chosen to present this petition for recognition of the ayuntamiento. The text is helpful as it gives the names of the four principal officers of the town for the years 1833 and 1834. Probably this petition was made some time after the first of the year 1834. The imprint "Office of the Advocate of the People's Rights" is used for the reasons given in the "Sketch of Printing" [located in Collection Information].; Locations: CtY.

Reel: 1
Brazoria. Citizens.

Brazoria Meeting.

[At end:] Printed by F.C. Gray, Brazoria, Texas. [1836]

118; [Proceedings of meeting held at Brazoria on March 17 after news had come of the fall of the Alamo. The resolutions are signed by D.C. Barrett, chairman, and four other members of the committee on resolutions, one of them being F.C. Gray. Proceedings signed at end: R. Mills, Chairman. S.C. Douglass, Secretary.]; Broadside in two columns. 32 x 21 cm.; To grief and anger at the massacre of the Texans at the Alamo was added fear at the report that the enemy prepared to enlist the Negroes, whether free or slave, and the first resolution calls for "securing all negroes, against the means of doing injury to our families." Subject to this first requirement, all able-bodied men were urged to go to the front. There is an interesting account of Barrett, 1788-1838, by Dr. Barker in the Southwestern Historical Quarterly for October, 1916, Vol. XX, p. 139-145. Yoakum and John Henry Brown had given publicity to a vicious personal attack made on Barrett by Governor Henry Smith on December 17, 1835, while, as Dr. Barker says, "the record of [Barrett's] faithful and valuable services during the early period of the revolution has for the most part been buried in the journals of the Consultation and of the General Council." Dr. Barker remarks that though there is no direct evidence to rebut Governor Smith's charges, Barrett "still enjoyed the confidence of Austin, Houston, and his associates in the Council." This was not the case a little later, as far as Houston was concerned, for in a letter of March 29, 1836, to General Rusk, Secretary of War, Houston says he has ordered Barrett and E. Gritten arrested as "they ought to be detained and tried as traitors and spies." It was resolved that 100 copies of the resolutions be printed in handbill form. The piece is reprinted in the Lamar Papers, No. 347, Vol. I, p. 345-346.; Locations: Tx.

Reel: 1
Brazoria. Committee of Safety.

[Address Calling for Aid in Erecting a Fort at Velasco].

[Brazoria: Printed by F.C. Gray]. [1836]

119; [Broadside?]; No copy located, but Gray's bill of September 1, 1836 (Ms., Archives, Texas State Library), covering work done in 1835 and 1836, has a charge in February, 1836, for printing this Address.

Reel: 1
Brazoria. Ordinances.

Ordinances Regulating Municipal Taxes.

[Brazoria: Printed by D.W. Anthony]. [1833]

38; [With text beginning:] At a regular meeting of the Ayuntamiento of the Municipality of Brazo[r]ia, held at the Alcalde's office, in February last ... the following regulations were adopted ... [Signed and dated at end:] H. Smith, Treasurer. May 13th 1833.; Broadside in three columns. 28.8 x 20.4 cm.; Lawyers and doctors had to pay a tax of ten dollars a year while saloon keepers and wholesale dealers in merchandise were assessed fifteen dollars. At a meeting held May 7, 1833, property taxes on land were imposed, each league of land being assessed one dollar, each improved "in or out town lot" one dollar, and so on. Though this is signed, "H. Smith, Treasurer," Henry Smith was also alcalde of Brazoria for the year 1833. See note to entry No. 45. This is the earliest separately printed Texas ordinance assessing taxes which I have found thus far.; Locations: TWS.

Reel: 1
Brazoria. Santa Anna Dinner and Ball.

Santa Ana [sic] Dinner and Ball.

[Brazoria: Printed by D.W. Anthony]. [1832]

26; A Public Dinner and Ball will be given at the Tavern of Thomas H. Brenen, on Saturday the 21st inst., in honor of the triumph of the cause of the Constitution and its distinguished advocate, General Santa Ana [sic]; to which you are respectfully invited. Capt. Wiley Martin, [and six others] Managers. Brazoria, Thursday, July 19, 1832.; 4-page folder printed on page [1]. 20 x 12.5 cm.; This is the invitation to the grand love feast held at Brazoria a few days after Mexia had landed there to suppress a reported revolution of the Texans. For more on this episode see the entry for the extra of the Texas Gazette and Brazoria Commercial Advertiser for Monday, July 23, entry No. 33 (unique copy at the University of Texas). Capt. John Austin, W.H. Wharton and D.W. Anthony, the publisher of the Gazette, were among the managers.; Locations: Tx.

Reel: 1
Brazos and Galveston Rail Road Company.

Brazos and Galveston Rail Road.

[On verso of title:] Printed by L. Dillard & Co. No. 10 Camp st. N. Orl. [Imprint preceded by woodcut of five-pointed star, also of locomotive drawing a two-story passenger coach]. [1839]

1344; [Woodcut of railroad train, locomotive and five cars.]; 8 p., 2 frontispieces (folding maps). 20 cm. Plain wrappers.; Maps: Map of the country in the vicinity of Austinia with the contemplated route of the Rail Road. [At foot, below neat line:] Juls Manouvrier & P. Snell, Lithogr. N. Orls 24 x 20 cm. Graphic scale: about 6 miles to the inch. A Sketch of Galveston Bay south of Red Fish Bar. 23 x 20 cm. Graphic scale: about 2 1/2 miles to the inch. For general notes on this company see entry Nos. 229, 230 and 231. This pamphlet with its interesting maps and woodcut is dated at the end, Austinia, June, 1839, and is in effect an unsigned prospectus for the proposed railroad which was to run from the town of Austinia on Galveston Bay to Bolivar, at the head of navigation on the Brazos River. It is claimed that the adverse effects of the bar at the mouth of the Brazos and high insurance rates all favor Galveston Bay over the mouth of the Brazos for Texas imports and exports, and that the proposed railroad will be the best way for connecting eastern and western Texas. The map in the Hunt and Randel Guide, first published in 1839 (entry No. 1348), shows Austinia and the "Projected Railroad" to Bolivar. In its entry for Austinia, the Handbook of Texas is in error in saying that this railroad was in operation in 1839. It was never built. The J. Manouvrier & P. Snell imprint on the map accompanying this 1839 imprint is of interest as the earliest entry for Manouvrier in the New-York Historical Society's Dictionary of Artists in America, 1564-1860, New Haven, 1957, is under the year 1841, and though he is mentioned as a lithographer in 1838 in Peters's America on Stone under E. Johns & Co., his first date there under his own name is 1843.; Locations: TWS.

Reel: 28
Brazos and Galveston Railroad Company.


230B; [Form for stock certificate]. Variant [of entry No. 230] with place of issue Houston.; Broadside. 9.6 x 16 cm.; Locations: TxGR.

Reel: 3
Brazos and Galveston Railroad Company.


230A; [Form for stock certificate]. Variant [of entry No. 230] with place of issue Brazoria. No copy located, but Section 7 of the Charter provides that the books for the subscription of the capital stock of the company be opened at Houston, Austinia and Brazoria.

Reel: 3
Brazos and Galveston Railroad Company.

[At end:] Telegraph Press, Houston. [1838?]

230; [Form for stock certificate. At head, cut of locomotive with freight and passenger cars, and blanks for value and number of shares. Text begins:] Austinia, ----- 183- Received from ----- ----- Dollars, the same being for the First Instalment on ----- shares of the Capital Stock of the Brazos and Galveston Rail Road Company ... [At end: blanks for signatures of] Commissioners appointed for this place ...; Broadside. 12.1 x 19.8 cm.; The only copy of this variant located is dated May 1st, 1839, and acknowledges receipt of $1,000 from James F. Perry. It is signed by Perry and Geo. L. Hammeken as Commissioners.; Locations: TxU.

Reel: 3
Brazos and Galveston Railroad Company.

[Houston: Printed at the Telegraph Office]. [1838?]

231; [Form for conveyance of a lot in the village of Austinia to subscribers for five shares of stock of the Brazos and Galveston Railroad Company, the conveyance to be void if the installments of the subscription are not paid. At head:] Republic of Texas, County of Galveston. [Text begins:] Know all Men by these Presents: That we, William J. Bryan and George L. Hammeken, for and in consideration of One Hundred Dollars, paid by ----- to ----- and ----- Commissioners ... [At end:] Given under our hands at Austinia, this ----- day of ----- 18--. [Blank for signatures of Bryan and Hammeken.] Witnesses: -----; 4-page folder printed on p. [1].; 32 x 20.5 cm.; Apparently a lot in the town of Austinia was conveyed to each subscriber for five shares of the capital stock of the railroad. William J. Bryan was a nephew of Stephen F. Austin and a brother of Moses Austin Bryan. Hammeken was a close friend of Austin's and active in enterprises such as this railroad, of which he was the president. He was the translator of Filisola's Evacuation of Texas, entry No. 191. Austinia is shown on the 1839 Hunt & Randel map as on the mainland side of Galveston Bay across the bay from Galveston. That map also shows the projected railroad. Neither the town nor the railroad appear on the Creuzbaur series of maps which began in 1849.; Locations: TxU.

Reel: 3
Brazos and Galveston Railroad Company.

Charter of Brazos & Galveston Rail Road.

[Houston: Printed at the Telegraph Office]. [1838]

229; [Text begins:] Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Republic of Texas ... That a Company be incorporated under the name and style of the Brazos and Galveston Rail Road Company ... [At end:] Approved, 24th May, 1838. Sam. Houston. ...; Broadside in two columns. 41.8 x 25 cm.; This is the second railroad granted a charter by the Congress of Texas, the charter to the Texas Rail Road, Navigation, and Banking Company in December, 1836, entry No. 180, being the first. This was a more modest enterprise, for its charter only gave the right "to make Turnpikes and Rail Roads, from the main channel of Galveston Bay to the Brazos River." While in the earlier railroad charter there was no limitation on tolls, here the tolls were to be regulated by Congress and all government stores and troops were to be carried free. At the end was an express prohibition against engaging in banking. Among those mentioned in the charter are Asa Brigham, James F. Perry and George L. Hammeken. Mr. Andrew Forest Muir has an account of this company in his article, "Railroad Enterprise in Texas, 1836-1841," in the Southwestern Historical Quarterly for April, 1944, Vol. XLVII, p. 345-350. By one of the slips it is so easy for all of us to make, Mr. Muir dates in May, 1837, instead of May, 1838, various proceedings in Congress which ended with the signing of the Charter on May 24. The Charter is given on p. 37-42 of Laws of ... Texas. Volume Third, Houston: National Banner Press. 1838; in Laws Passed at the 2d Session of the 2d Congress, [Houston: Telegraph Press. 1838] p. 14-17; and in Gammel, Vol. I, p. 1507-1512.; Locations: TxU.

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