Test Unit 6: The Gilded Age (1865 – 1900) part I



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AP United States History Eleanor Roosevelt High School

Mr. Spear
Name: _________________________________________________ Date: _____________________
Test

Unit 6: The Gilded Age (1865 – 1900)
PART I: (25) multiple-choice questions (two points each).
1. City bosses and urban political machines in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries did which of the following?

a. They enabled the urban middle class to participate more effectively in politics.

b. They provided some welfare for poor immigrants in exchange for political support.

c. They encouraged racial integration of residential neighborhoods.

d. They discouraged railroad and highway construction to prevent people from moving out of urban areas.

e. They promoted prohibition and the abolition of prostitution.

2. Which of the following was true of the Dawes Act of 1887?

(A) It created American Indian reservations for the first time.

(B) It was intended to recognize the contributions of American Indian peoples.

(C) It eliminated most tribal land ownership in favor of ownership by individuals.

(D) It led directly to the Battle of Wounded Knee.

(E) It indicated that the federal government had abandoned the goal of American Indian assimilation

“We believe that the time has come when the railroad corporations will either own the people or the people must own the railroads.
We demand the free and unlimited coinage of silver and gold at the present legal ratio of sixteen to one

We demand a graduated income tax

Transportation being a means of exchange and a public necessity, the government should own and operate the railroads in the interest of the people.”
3. The excerpts above appeared in the platform of which of the following political parties?


  1. Democratic Party

  2. Greenback Labor Party

  3. Populist Party

  4. Socialist Party

  5. Farmer’s Alliance

This, then, is held to be the duty of the man of Wealth: First, to set an example of modest, unostentatious living, shunning display or extravagance; to provide moderately for the legitimate wants of those dependent upon him; and after doing so to consider all surplus revenues which come to him simply as trust funds, which he is called upon to administer, and strictly bound as a matter of duty to administer in the manner which, in his judgment, is best calculated to produce the most beneficial result for the community-the man of wealth thus becoming the sole agent and trustee for his poorer brethren, bringing to their service his superior wisdom, experience, and ability to administer-doing for them better than they would or could do for themselves.

4. The quotation above is an example of:



  1. Puritanism

  2. The Frontier Thesis

  3. the Gospel of Wealth

  4. the Social Gospel

  5. Social Darwinism

5. Every contract, combination in form of trust or otherwise, or conspiracy, in restraint of trade or commerce in any territory of the United States . . . is hereby declared illegal.”
The passage above was most effectively used for which purpose in the late nineteenth century?

a. Supporting the goals of Social Darwinists

b. Restricting the power of monopolies and trusts

c. Limiting the power of labor unions

d. Regulating railroads and grain storage silos

e. Upholding the powers of the Interstate Commerce Act


6. According to historian Frederick Jackson Turner, a key factor in the development of American individualism and democracy was

  1. Puritan theology

  2. transcendentalism

  3. the American Revolution

  4. the Civil War

  5. the frontier

7. The Morrill Land Grant Act did which of the following?

  1. granted 160 acres of free land to settlers on the Great Plains

  2. granted land to railroad companies to develop the transcontinental railroad

  3. granted free land to states for the establishment of agricultural colleges

  4. granted 160 acres of free land to Indians who lived off of reservations

  5. granted money to colleges that specialized in agriculture

8. The leader of the American Railway Union during the Pullman Strike was:

a. Terence Powderly

b. Eugene V. Debs

c. William Jennings Bryan

d. Samuel Gompers

e. William McKinley

9. Henry Frick’s efforts to break workers and force them to accept lower wages resulted in the

a. Homestead Strike

b. Great Railroad Strike

c. Pullman Strike

d. Haymarket Riot

e. Standard Oil Strike
10. The Supreme Court Case Wabash v. Illinois laid the groundwork for which law?

a. The Sherman Antitrust Act

b. The Pendleton Civil Service Act

c. The Chinese Exclusion Act

d. The Dawes Act

e. The Interstate Commerce Act


11. Which of the following ethnic groups was part of the wave of “New” immigrants that entered the United States at the turn of the century?

a. Russians

b. Dutch

c. Japanese

d. French

e. Africans


12. The federal government’s response to Ghost Dancing on the Sioux Indian Reservation resulted in:

a. passage of the Dawes Act

b. the forcible removal of the Sioux onto a neighboring reservations

c. The Battle of Little Bighorn

d. the Wounded Knee Massacre

e. the surrender of Geronimo


13. At the Battle of Little Bighorn:

a. Chief Joseph surrendered for the last time

b. the Sioux annihilated a battalion commanded by Colonel George Custer

c. Red Cloud and a group of followers were massacred in the snow

d. Crazy Horse defected to the Bureau of Indian Affairs

e. The Ute Indian led a standoff against federal troops


14. The Spoils System was abolished by the:

a. Pendleton Civil Service Act

b. Dawes Act

c. Granger Movement

d. Bland-Allison Act

e. Sherman Act


15. All of the following were invented in the United States during the Gilded Age EXCEPT the:

a. telephone

b. automobile

c. elevator

d. light bulb

e. phonograph

16. The Credit Mobilier Scandal:

a. involved the theft of $200 million from New York City taxpayers

b. led to the impeachment of the Governor of Illinois

c. involved high officials in the Grant administration

d. led to the Compromise of 1877

e. involved the directors of the Central Pacific Railroad Company


17. One way that the federal government attempted to assimilate Native Americans was:

a. passage of the Homestead Act

b. the destruction of the buffalo

c. Ghost Dancing

d. passage of the Dawes Act

e. the construction of the Transcontinental Railroad


18. One reason that rapid industrialization occurred in the decades following the Civil War was:

a. the discovery of the Comstock Lode in 1859

b. railroads connecting the North and South improved trade

c. the government did not regulate the economy

d. profits from cotton created a ready supply of investment capital

e. the acquisition of new colonies provided a cheap supply of raw materials


19. Public opinion turned against the Knights of Labor after:

a. The Haymarket bombing

b. The Pullman Strike

c. The Great Railroad Strike

d. The Homestead Strike

e. formation of the American Federation of Labor


20. One difference between the Knights of Labor and the American Federation of Labor (AFL) was:

a. the AFL was organized on a nationwide basis

b. the Knights allowed only skilled workers

c. the AFL focused its goals on wages and working conditions

d. the Knights renounced violence

e. the AFL admitted African American workers


21. One of the most important differences between the earlier Granger Movement and the Farmer’s Alliance was that:

a. The Farmer’s Alliance ran candidates for office, but the Grange was just a lobby group

b. The Farmer’s Alliance opposed government regulation of the railroads

c. The Farmer’s Alliance supported an inflationary monetary policy

d. The Farmer’s Alliance was only popular in the South

e. The Grange was a social organization but the Farmer’s Alliance was a lobby group


22. Monopolies were declared illegal by the:

a. Pendleton Act

b. Dawes Act

c. Morrill Act

d. Sherman Act

e. Interstate Commerce Act

23. The Cattle Boom of the late 19th century ended in part due to:

a. the construction of the transcontinental railroad

b. the invention of barbed wire

c. the realization that cowboy boots were in poor taste

d. cheaper beef imports from South America

e. the introduction of the Texas Longhorn


24. An example of Nativism would be:

a. the Tweed Ring

b. the Haymarket Riot

c. the Chinese Exclusion Act

d. Indian Boarding Schools

e. Sitting Bull


25. Blacklists and Yellow-Dog Contracts were both:

a. methods of denying freedmen the right to vote

b. efforts to beak the power of labor unions

c. ways of assimilating Native Americans

d. supported by the Populist Party candidate William Jennings Bryan

e. later declared unconstitutional in the Wabash case.




PART II: Answer the following questions or complete the following tasks with a response of 4-6 complete sentences.

1. Explain what author Mark Twain meant when he described the period following the Civil War as a Gilded Age.

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2. Describe the response of federal and state governments to the rise of organized labor during the Gilded Age and cite two examples.

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3. Explain two reasons that farmers were discontent with their economic situation at the end of the 19th century and three solutions that farm groups proposed to solve farmers’ problems.

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4. Describe the federal government’s policy of Native American of assimilation and explain two ways it attempted to carry out that policy.



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5. Describe three factors that caused increased industrialization in the United States between 1865 – 1900.

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