Mr. Spear Name: _________________________________________________ Date: _____________________ Test
Unit 6: The Gilded Age (1865 – 1900) PART I: (25) multiple-choice questions (two points each). 1. City bosses and urban political machines in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries did which of the following?
a. They enabled the urban middle class to participate more effectively in politics.
b. They provided some welfare for poor immigrants in exchange for political support.
c. They encouraged racial integration of residential neighborhoods.
d. They discouraged railroad and highway construction to prevent people from moving out of urban areas.
e. They promoted prohibition and the abolition of prostitution.
2. Which of the following was true of the Dawes Act of 1887?
(A) It created American Indian reservations for the first time.
(B) It was intended to recognize the contributions of American Indian peoples.
(C) It eliminated most tribal land ownership in favor of ownership by individuals.
(D) It led directly to the Battle of Wounded Knee.
(E) It indicated that the federal government had abandoned the goal of American Indian assimilation
“We believe that the time has come when the railroad corporations will either own the people or the people must own the railroads.
We demand the free and unlimited coinage of silver and goldat the present legal ratio of sixteen to one
We demand a graduated income tax
Transportation being a means of exchange and a public necessity, the government should own and operate the railroads in the interest of the people.”
3. The excerpts above appeared in the platform of which of the following political parties?
Greenback Labor Party
This, then, is held to be the duty of the man of Wealth: First, to set an example of modest, unostentatious living, shunning display or extravagance; to provide moderately for the legitimate wants of those dependent upon him; and after doing so to consider all surplus revenues which come to him simply as trust funds, which he is called upon to administer, and strictly bound as a matter of duty to administer in the manner which, in his judgment, is best calculated to produce the most beneficial result for the community-the man of wealth thus becoming the sole agent and trustee for his poorer brethren, bringing to their service his superior wisdom, experience, and ability to administer-doing for them better than they would or could do for themselves.
4. The quotation above is an example of:
The Frontier Thesis
the Gospel of Wealth
the Social Gospel
5. Every contract, combination in form of trust or otherwise, or conspiracy, in restraint of trade or commerce in any territory of the United States . . . is hereby declared illegal.”
The passage above was most effectively used for which purpose in the late nineteenth century?
4. Describe the federal government’s policy of Native American of assimilation and explain two ways it attempted to carry out that policy.
5. Describe three factors that caused increased industrialization in the United States between 1865 – 1900.