Teaching American History Grant mdusd/ucb h-ssp 5th Grade Lesson: American Revolution Developed by



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Teaching American History Grant

MDUSD/UCB H-SSP

5th Grade Lesson: American Revolution

Developed by: Kimberly Leyden, Jennifer Brouhard, Kay Lunine, Alejandra Dubcovsky, and Lauren Weaver
Teaching American History Grant Focus Question:

How did definitions of citizenship change from the 17th century to the 20th century?


5th Grade Yearlong Question:

How did Americans change from being colonial subjects to American citizens?


Unit Focus:

UNIT 4: The American Revolution

CH 8: The Colonies Unite


Unit Focus Question:

How did British policies towards the thirteen colonies lead to the American War for independence?


Unit Working Thesis:

Anger over the British policies led most of the colonists to demand representation in Parliament and protest what they thought of as unfair laws and taxation, which ultimately led them to push for independence.


Lesson Focus Question and Lesson Writing Prompt:

What caused colonists to take part in the Boston Tea Party?

How did British policies towards the thirteen colonies lead to the American War for

Independence?


Lesson Working Thesis:

Taxes imposed by the British Parliament angered the colonists.


Reading Strategy:

  1. Passage Organization: Cause and Effect

  2. Analysis of British Policies Chart



Writing Strategy:

  1. Choosing Evidence to support a claim

  2. Choosing Analysis to support a claim

2. Writing a paragraph with a scaffold outline

3. Writing a 5-paragraph essay with a scaffold outline



Suggested Amount of Time:

Five or more (45-minute) class periods


Textbook:

The United States: Making a New Nation, Reflection Series, Harcourt School Publishers,

2007, Unit 4: The American Revolution, Chapter 8: The Colonies Unite, Lessons 1-3,

pages 322-338
Other Resources:

Overhead copies of worksheets or LCD projection of worksheets

Handouts of worksheets
Context of the Lesson:

The students will be building up to the essay with every individual reading and writing strategy detailed below. Therefore, it is essential that teachers (or students) keep the student work from every strategy so the students can later use their work as notes to structure the essay.


Teacher Procedure:

  1. Reading Strategy #1: “The Boston Tea Party” text and Cause and Effect Chart

Pass out “The Boston Tea Party” text (p4) and Cause and Effect chart. (p5; key p6A,

student sample, 6B)



  • Read the text: Teacher guided choral reading.

  • Teacher leads discussion, introducing “cause and effect” relationships. [In this reading, the effect {E} becomes the cause {C} for the next effect {E}-- EX: The Tea Act {C) leads to a monopoly {E}, then the monopoly{C} leads to lower prices for tea{E}; then lower prices for tea{C} means that merchants can’t make money{E}…]

  • Teacher completes cause and effect chart with students.

  • When the chart is complete, teacher guides students in discussion of events leading to the Boston Tea Party. (Focus on cause and effect).

  1. Writing Strategy #1: Choosing Evidence to support a claim

    • Pass out “Choosing Evidence to support a topic sentence.” (p7)

    • Teacher explains the function of evidence and leads a discussion: What is evidence? How and why do we use it?

    • Students work in pairs to select the best evidence.

    • Class discussion of why a piece of evidence supports or does not support the topic sentence. Teacher guides students as needed.

  2. Writing Strategy #2: Writing a paragraph with a scaffold outline

    • Instruct students to take out prior work: Cause and Effect Chart (p5), and Choosing Evidence Chart. (p7)

    • Pass out Paragraph Outline with Writing Focus Question (p8, key p9A, student samples 9B, 9C)

    • Write the paragraph as a class. Show students how they will write the paragraph by using all the work they have already completed. Teacher explains how the paragraph will be organized by utilizing prior work. (pp.5, 7)

  3. Reading Strategy #2: Analysis of British Policies Chart

    • Hand out Analysis of British Policies Chart. (p10-11, key pp12-14A, student samples pp14B, C, D, E)

    • Review Harcourt text pages 322 to 338 with students (these lessons should have been taught prior to the start of this lesson).

    • Teacher completes chart with students. (key, pp12-14)

  4. Writing Strategy #1: Choosing Evidence to support a claim

    • Pass out “Choosing Evidence to support a topic sentence.” (p15)

    • Teacher reviews the function of evidence.

    • Students work in pairs to select the best evidence.

    • Class discussion of why a piece of evidence supports or does not support the topic sentence. Teacher guides students as needed.




    • When the chart is complete, teacher guides students in discussion of the effect of British policies. (Focus on cause and effect).

Cause Effect

#1 #6


Boston Tea Party #9

#9 #7


all policies #10

  1. Writing Strategy #3: American Revolution Writing Prompt

    • Instruct students to take out prior work: Choosing Evidence Charts (pp7, 15), Analysis of British Policies Chart (pp10-11) and Boston Tea Party paragraph (p8). Pass out writing prompt assignment (p16) and essay outline (17-19, sample key 20-21)

    • Teacher scaffolds the writing assignment to show students how they will write the essay using some of the work they have already completed. Teacher explains how the essay will be organized by utilizing prior work. (pp5,7,10-11,15)

    • Students need to choose three Acts to focus on for their essay. They may use the Tea Act for one of them and revise the paragraph they wrote earlier to be part of the essay.

    • Comments: Students tend to name and then define the act. They experienced difficulty with the analysis step. Some may not be ready so their paragraphs may lack depth.


California History-Social Science Content Standards:
5.5 Students explain the causes of the American Revolution.

      1. Understand how political, religious, and economic ideas and interests brought about the Revolution (e.g., resistance to imperial policy, the Stamp Act, the Townshend Acts, taxes on tea, Coercive Acts).

California Historical and Social Sciences Analysis Skills:

Historical Interpretation


  1. Students summarize the key events of the era they are studying and explain the historical contexts of those events.

  2. Students identify and interpret the multiple causes and effects of historical events.

California English-Language Arts Content Standards:
2.0 Reading Comprehension (Focus on Informational Materials)
Structural Features of Informational Materials
2.1 Analyze text that is organized in sequential or chronological order.

Comprehension and Analysis of Grade-Level-Appropriate Text
2.3 Discern main ideas and concepts presented in texts, identifying and assessing evidence that supports those ideas.
2.4 Draw inferences, conclusions, or generalizations about text and support them with textual evidence and prior knowledge.
Writing Strategies
Organization and Focus

1.2 Create multiple-paragraph expository compositions:

  1. Establish a topic, important ideas, or events in sequence or chronological order.

  2. Provide details and transitional expressions that link one paragraph to another in a clear line of thought.

  3. Offer a concluding paragraph that summarizes important ideas and details.

The Boston Tea Party

Time: December 16, 1773

Place: Boston, Massachusetts

In 1773, Parliament passed the Tea Act, which gave Britain’s East India Company a monopoly on tea. A monopoly is complete control of a good or service in an area, by either a person or a group. As a result of this monopoly, only the East India Company could legally sell tea to the colonies, and it could sell tea for less than colonial merchants could. This meant that colonial merchants could not make money in the tea trade. The British government believed the colonists would choose to buy the cheaper tea- and pay the tax on it. Instead, many colonists decided to boycott tea.

Ships carrying thousands of pounds of tea set sail for the colonies. In November 1773, three of the ships arrived in Boston Harbor. Against the wishes of many colonists, the Massachusetts governor sided with the British by allowing the ships to dock. More than 1,000 colonists in Boston protested.

Many people think Samuel Adams planned what happened next. On the night of December 16, 1773, about 150 members of the Sons of Liberty dressed as Mohawk Indians and marched down to Boston Harbor.



At the harbor, hundreds of people had gathered on the docks to watch the event. When the Sons of Liberty arrived, they boarded the ships, broke open 342 chests of tea, and threw it all overboard. Their angry protest became known as the Boston Tea Party.
From: The United States: Making a New Nation. Pg. 336, Reflections Series, Harcourt School Publishers, 2007.



Reading Check Cause and Effect: What caused colonists to take part in the Boston Tea Party?


Name______________________________
Tea Act

Cause and Effect Chart





Cause

Effect

Because



In 1773, Parliament passed

line 4


This meant that Britain’s East India Company would have a monopoly on tea

Because


line 4Britain’s East India Company has a monopoly on tea,

As a result of this monopoly, only the East India Company could legally sell tea to the colonies, and it could sell tea for less than colonial merchants could.

Because


As a result of this monopoly, only the East India Company could legally sell tea to the colonies, and it could sell tea for less than colonial merchants could.

This meant that colonial merchants


Because



The British government believed the colonists would choose to buy the cheaper tea- and pay the tax on it.

Instead, many colonists decided to


Because




More than 1,000 colonists in Boston protested. On the night of December 16, 1773, about 150 members of the Sons of Liberty dressed as Mohawk Indians and marched down to Boston Harbor. When the Sons of Liberty arrived, they boarded the ships, broke open 342 chests of tea, and threw it all overboard. Their angry protest became known as the Boston Tea Party.


From: The United States: Making a New Nation. Pg. 336, Reflections Series, Harcourt School Publishers, 2007.
TEACHER KEY

Tea Act

Cause and Effect Chart





Cause

Effect

Because



line 2In 1773, Parliament passed the Tea Act,

This meant that Britain’s East India Company would have a monopoly on tea

Because


Britain’s East India Company has a monopoly on tea,

As a result of this monopoly, only the East India Company could legally sell tea to the colonies, and it could sell tea for less than colonial merchants could.

Because


As a result of this monopoly, only the East India Company could legally sell tea to the colonies, and it could sell tea for less than colonial merchants could.

This meant that colonial merchants could not make money in the tea trade

Because



The British government believed the colonists would choose to buy the cheaper tea- and pay the tax on it.

Instead, many colonists decided to boycott tea.

Because

Ships carrying thousands of pounds of tea set sail for the colonies. In November 1773, three of the ships arrived in Boston Harbor. Against the wishes of many colonists, the Massachusetts governor sided with the British by allowing the ships to dock.


More than 1,000 colonists in Boston protested. On the night of December 16, 1773, about 150 members of the Sons of Liberty dressed as Mohawk Indians and marched down to Boston Harbor. When the Sons of Liberty arrived, they boarded the ships, broke open 342 chests of tea, and threw it all overboard. Their angry protest became known as the Boston Tea Party.


From: The United States: Making a New Nation. Pg. 336, Reflections Series, Harcourt School Publishers, 2007.

Name_____________________________________



Choosing Evidence

Lesson Question: How did the Tea Act affect the American colonists?

Circle the evidence that would support the following topic sentence:


Topic Sentence: The Tea Act imposed by the British Parliament angered American colonists and hurt colonial merchants.



  1. As a result of the Tea Act, only the East India Company could legally sell tea to the colonies, and it could sell tea for less than colonial merchants could.




  1. Agriculture was important to the economies of the Middle colonies.




  1. The Townsend Act taxed imports such as glass, tea, paint, and paper brought to the colonies.




  1. Patrick Henry was born in Virginia in 1736.




  1. Many colonists decided to boycott tea.


Name_________________________________
Boston Tea Party: Writing Activity
Directions: Students will complete the sentences using their Cause and Effect chart as needed.


Focus Question: What caused the colonists to take part in the Boston Tea Party?


Colonists protested the Tea Act by participating in the_______________________


__________________________________________________________________.
When Parliament passed the Tea Act in 1773, it gave________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________.
An East India Company monopoly on tea meant that________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________.
As a result, colonial merchants could not_________________________________
__________________________________________________________________.
In the end, colonists chose to _____________________________. In addition, a
group went to the harbor and __________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________.


Done? Now, choose the best analysis sentence to end the paragraph:
1. The Tea Act encouraged colonists to drink coffee.
2. The response to the Tea Act helped the colonists unite and organize themselves to rebel against the British.
3. The response to the Tea Act was justified.
4. The colonists stopped drinking tea to protest the Tea Act.



TEACHER KEY

TEACHER KEY

WRITING ACTIVITY


Focus Question: What caused the colonists to take part in the Boston Tea Party?


Colonists protested the Tea Act by participating in the Boston Tea Party.


When Parliament passed the Tea Act in 1773, it gave the East India Company a monopoly on tea.
An East India Company monopoly on tea meant that only it could legally sell tea and it could sell tea for less that the colonial merchants.
As a result, colonial merchants could not make money selling tea
(because the East India Company could sell it for less.)
In the end, the colonists chose to boycott tea. In addition, a
group went to the harbor and dumped the (newly arrived) East India Company tea into the harbor.

TEACHER KEY Choosing Analysis Practice


Done? Now, choose the best analysis for the above paragraph:
1. The Tea Act encouraged colonists to drink coffee.

[There’s no evidential information to support this claim]


2. The response to the Tea Act helped the colonists unite and organize themselves to rebel against the British.

[Best choice; this answer details how the colonists’ reaction to the Tea

Act established a united front against the British]
3. The response to the Tea Act was justified.

[Value judgment only; the claim needs to explain more. Ex: The response by the

colonists to the Tea Act was justified and it showed England that the colonists

would stand together to rebel against acts or laws they thought were wrong.]


4. The colonists stopped drinking tea to protest the Tea Act.

[restatement of opening and concluding sentence. Students do this quite often. Students think that if they say the same thing in a different way that is must be

analysis]

A

B


NAME_____________________________________________

ritish Policies Chart




Writing Question: How did British policies towards the thirteen colonies lead to the American War for Independence?




British policies

Definition:

What did this act(s) do?

Effect on colonists

Analysis- How did this lead to the American Revolution?


Proclamation of 1763

(caused by French and Indian War)
Date:_______________











Sugar Act
Date:________________











Stamp Act
Date:________________








10




Townshend Acts
Date:________________











Tea Act
Date:________________










Coercive Acts
Date:________________








11



From: The United States: Making a New Nation. Reflections Series, Harcourt School Publishers, 2007.pp322-338

TEACHER KEY
Reading to Writing Strategy: Analyzing British Policies Chart


Writing Question: How did British policies towards the thirteen colonies lead to the American War for Independence?




British policies

Definition:

What did this act(s) do?

Effect on colonists

Analysis- How did this lead to the American Revolution?

Proclamation of 1763

(caused by the French and Indian War)



Stated that all lands west of the Appalachian Mountains belonged to the Native Americans


- colonists ignored the proclamation and continued to move west
- colonists were angry because they thought they had fought the French and Indian War for the right to move into those lands

The colonists were angry because the British government told them to stay off land that they thought they had fought for.

Sugar Act
1764 (April)
p.323

Placed a tax on sugar and molasses brought into the colonies from the West Indies. (The tax was imposed by the British Parliament to raise money to cover the costs of the French and Indian War.)

- Merchants objected because this tax affected the shipping business of the New England colonies.
-Colonists did not like the British government dictating their lives.

Britain had the power to tax but had not used this for the 150 years—The passage of the Sugar Act (and the Proclamation of 1763) were both actions by Parliament that signaled the era of salutary neglect is over.

-The Committees of Correspondence appeared to spread news and ideas among colonists in Boston. They later wrote to other cities and towns to protest British policies.(p328)



12



Stamp Act
1765 (March)

p.327

This placed a tax on paper documents, legal documents and playing cards.


-The colonists were angry!

-Many colonists responded that Parliament could not tax them since they had no voice in Parliament.

-Stamp Act Congress was held: “No taxation without representation”

-House of Burgesses votes not to pay tax




-The colonists are considering whether Parliament should rule over them. They have no representation in Parliament so Patrick Henry proposes that Parliament does not represent the colonies.

-The Stamp Act Congress shows that colonists can work together

-Out of this, another Committee of Correspondence was formed in New York to protest the act

-Another Committee formed in Virginia

-Many colonists tried to force Britain to take back the Stamp Act.

-Colonists boycotted British goods

-Sons of Liberty: tar and feather

-Daughters of Liberty spun and wove cloth rather than buy British cloth

-From these actions, the British merchants were hurt and this put pressure on Parliament to repeal the act (1766) (p329)


Townshend Acts
1767
p.330


Tax on imports, such as glass, tea, paint and paper brought into the colonies.

Act also established a new group of tax collectors




-Colonists generally boycotted goods so many went without painting their houses many stopped drinking tea. Some colonists made their own tea from local plants.

-The Parliament believed it still has the authority to make laws for the colonists. The colonists reacted by boycotting the British goods and merchants refused to import taxed goods.

-The Townshend Acts were a failure for Britain as sales of British goods to the colonies suffered and tax collectors did not collect much.

-1770, Parliament repealed al the Townshend Acts except the tax on tea.

13



Tea Act
1773
p.337

The only portion of the Townshend Acts not to be repealed. Parliament placed a tax on British tea.


-Colonists boycotted


-As tensions rose, Britain sent more troops over to Boston and NYC.

-Colonists were unhappy with all the British soldiers being there.

-This led to fights breaking out (and eventually the Boston Massacre) and led to a greater divide between the colonists and Britain.


Coercive Acts
1774 (March)
P338


In response to the Boston Tea Party, Parliament passed a new set of laws to punish the colonists in Massachusetts, where Boston is located.

-One law closed the port of Boston until the colonists paid for the tea that was destroyed.

- the Massachusetts legislature could not make laws and the colony was put under control of British General Thomas Gage.

-Soldiers were housed by colonists



-Port of Boston closed

-Massachusetts’s colonists were under the control of a British government and could not meet without the approval of Gen. Gage.

-Colonists did not feel comfortable quartering soldiers

-Colonists felt acts “intolerable” (so they became known as the “Intolerable Acts”)



This set of acts was so severe that many colonists now thought of Britain as the enemy now.

This really strained the relationship between the colonists and Britain to a breaking point.

-This eventually leads to representatives from the colonies to meet in Philadelphia in September 1774 to discuss how to respond to Britain. This meeting was known as the First Continental Congress. The petition made clear statements to Parliament and asked for a response…


From: The United States: Making a New Nation. Reflections Series, Harcourt School Publishers, 2007

14 A


Student Samples from chart (pages 10-11) STUDENT A: 1 of 2

14 B



Student Samples from chart (pages 10-11) STUDENT A: 2 of 2

14 C



Student Samples from chart (pages 10-11) STUDENT B: 1 of 2

14 D

Student Samples from chart (pages 10-11) STUDENT B: 2 of 2

14 E

Name_________________________________


Choosing Evidence

Writing Question: How did British policies towards the thirteen colonies lead to the American War for Independence?



Content Question to check for understanding: Which British policies taxed the colonies?

Circle the evidence that would help to answer the question:

Which British policies taxed the colonies?


  1. As a result of the Tea Act, the colonists were taxed on tea and only the East India Company could legally sell tea to the colonies.




  1. The Sugar Act placed a tax on sugar and molasses brought into the colonies from the West Indies. The tax was imposed by the British Parliament to raise money to cover the costs of the French and Indian War.




  1. Agriculture was important to the economies of the Middle colonies.




  1. The Townsend Act taxed imports such as glass, tea, paint, and paper brought to the colonies.




  1. Patrick Henry was born in Virginia in 1736.




  1. Many colonists decided to boycott tea.




  1. The Boston Massacre occurred on March 5, 1770.




  1. The Stamp Act taxed colonists on paper documents, like newspapers, legal documents, and playing cards.




  1. The Coercive Acts closed the port of Boston and forced the colonists to quarter soldiers.




  1. P
    15

    atrick Henry spoke out against the British Parliament and encouraged the colonists to think of themselves as Americans, not just colonists.




5th Grade American Revolution Writing Prompt

Background: As American colonists moved west a conflict occurred between France and England, also called Britain, over the control of land. After 7 years of fighting, the War ended in 1763 with England gaining nearly all the French territory in North America. After this war, Britain decided the colonists should help pay for the cost of defending the colonies. The British Parliament passed the Sugar Act to raise money. This was the first of many policies that made the colonists mad. After more than one hundred and fifty years of rule by Great Britain, the thirteen colonies declared and fought for independence.


Writing Question: How did British policies towards the thirteen colonies lead to the American War for Independence?

Choose three Acts to focus on. You may use the Tea Party Act for one of them and revise the paragraph you wrote earlier.


Expectations: The best essay will include:


Each body paragraph will include:

 A topic sentence that answers the question

 At least one example of a British policy that led the colonists to want independence

 An analysis that explains the importance of each reason to the fight for independence

 A concluding sentence that restates your topic sentence.

 Proofreading for spelling and grammar


NAME_______________________________

British Colonial Policies: Five Paragraph Essay Outline



Writing Question:

How did British policies towards the thirteen colonies lead to the American War for Independence?


Choose three acts. You may use the Tea Act paragraph as one of your body paragraphs.

Define the act and explain why it is important (i.e. why did it anger the colonists?).


Introductory Paragraph:
Thesis statement:

Explanation of the basics:

(Introduce your topic and the events leading to them)





Body Paragraph #1
Topic sentence:


Detail/ Evidence:


Detail/ Evidence:

Detail/ Evidence:

Analysis:

Conclusion:

17


Body Paragraph #2
Topic sentence:


Detail/ Evidence:


Detail/ Evidence:

Detail/ Evidence:

Analysis:

Conclusion:


Body Paragraph #3
Topic sentence:


Detail/ Evidence:


Detail/ Evidence:

Detail/ Evidence:

Analysis:
18


Conclusion:




Concluding Paragraph:
Restate your thesis:


Explain your analysis and the importance of your main points:


Relate your topic to a larger historical concept:


19




TEACHER SAMPLE ESSAY

British Colonial Policies




Five Paragraph Essay Outline key



Focus Question: How did British policies towards the thirteen colonies lead to the American War for Independence? Choose three acts. Define the act and explain why it is important (i.e. why did it anger the colonists?). You may use the Tea Act paragraph as one of your body paragraphs.
Introductory Paragraph:

Thesis statement: British policies toward the thirteen colonies led to the American War for Independence.

Explanation of the basics: Three of the policies that angered the colonists were the Sugar Act, the Stamp Act, and the Tea Act. Colonists’ reactions to theses and other policies ultimately led to the War for Independence.
Body Paragraph #1

Topic sentence: After not taxing the colonists for 150 years Parliament passed the Sugar Act in April 1763. The Act, which placed a tax on sugar and molasses brought in from the West Indies, angered the colonists.

Evidence: The passage of the Sugar Act signaled that the era of salutary neglect was over.

Evidence: The colonists did not like the British government imposing taxes on them

Evidence: Merchants did not like the tax because it affected the shipping business of the New England colonies.

Analysis: In response to the act colonists in Boston created the Committee of Correspondence to spread news and ideas among the colonists.

Conclusion: As a result, colonists began to protest British policies.
Body Paragraph #2

Topic sentence: The Stamp Act, which was passed in March 1765, placed a tax on paper documents, legal documents, and playing cards.

Evidence: Angry colonists tarred and feathered British tax collectors.

Evidence: Colonists boycotted British good and refused to pay the tax.

Evidence: In addition, Committees of Correspondence were formed in New York and Virginia.

Analysis: Many colonists felt that Parliament had no right to tax them because they had no representation in Parliament.

Conclusion: Colonists were becoming increasingly frustrated with British policies toward the colonies.
Body Paragraph #3

Topic sentence: The Tea Act, passed in 1773, gave the East India Company a monopoly on tea.

Evidence: As a result colonial merchants could not make money from the tea trade.

Evidence: In addition, the British government taxed the tea.

E
20

vidence: The British government thought the colonists would buy the cheaper tea but they boycotted it instead.



Analysis: The colonists were so angry about the Tea Act that a group dressed up as Indians and dumped the tea into the harbor.
Conclusion: The Boston Tea Party was a result of colonial anger over taxes imposed by the British Parliament.
Concluding Paragraph:

Restate your thesis: In conclusion, the American Revolution was caused by British polices towards the thirteen colonies.

Explain your analysis and the importance of your main points:

By boycotting and protesting the colonists showed that they felt that taxation by the British Parliament was unfair.

Relate your topic to a larger historical concept:

As British citizens, the colonists felt that they had a right to representation when government actions affected their lives.

British policies toward the thirteen colonies led to the American War for Independence.

Three of the policies that angered the colonists were the Sugar Act, the Stamp Act, and the Tea Act. Colonists’ reactions to theses and other policies ultimately led to the War for Independence.
After not taxing the colonists for 150 years Parliament passed the Sugar Act in April 1763. The Act, which placed a tax on sugar and molasses brought in from the West Indies, angered the colonists. The passage of the Sugar Act signaled that the era of salutary neglect was over. The colonists did not like the British government imposing taxes on them. Merchants did not like the tax because it affected the shipping business of the New England colonies. In response to the act colonists in Boston created the Committee of Correspondence to spread news and ideas among the colonists. As a result, colonists began to protest British policies.
The Stamp Act, which was passed in March 1765, placed a tax on paper documents, legal documents, and playing cards. Angry colonists tarred and feathered British tax collectors. Colonists boycotted British good and refused to pay the tax. In addition, Committees of Correspondence were formed in New York and Virginia. Many colonists felt that Parliament had no right to tax them because they had no representation in Parliament. Colonists were becoming increasingly frustrated with British policies toward the colonies.
The Tea Act, passed in 1773, gave the East India Company a monopoly on tea. As a result colonial merchants could not make money from the tea trade. In addition, the British government taxed the tea. The British government thought the colonists would buy the cheaper tea but they boycotted it instead. The colonists were so angry about the Tea Act that a group dressed up as Indians and dumped the tea into the harbor. The Boston Tea Party was a result of colonial anger over taxes imposed by the British Parliament.
I
21

n conclusion, the American Revolution was caused by British polices towards the thirteen colonies. By boycotting and protesting the colonists showed that they felt that taxation by the British Parliament was unfair. As British citizens, the colonists felt that they had a right to representation when government actions affected their lives.



[Example of alternative format for essay outline] NAME_____________________________________

British Colonial Policies: Five Paragraph Essay Outline



Writing Question: How did British policies towards the thirteen colonies lead to the American War for Independence?



Introduction

Thesis Statement:


Background information/ explanation of the basics: Introduce your topic and the events leading to them


Body Paragraph #1 Name of British Act______________________________________

Topic Sentence:

Evidence/detail:



Evidence/detail:

Evidence/detail:

Analysis: Why would that be important?



Concluding Sentence:

22





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