Teacher: James Powell Class: 1b start Assignment



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English Speaking World
Final Assignment
Subject: Civil Rights (1960) – The Black panther party

Names: Larey Aziz, Fiona Hennen, Nadine Hennen
Teacher: James Powell
Class: 1B

Start Assignment: 02-12-2013
End Assignment: 13-01-2014

1511 words

Index

Information about the black panther party Page 3

Significant people Page 4

Significant places Page 5

Significant events Page 6

Black Panther rules Page 7

New Black Panther Party Page 7



Sources Page 8



  • Information about the black panther party

Originally the BPP short for black panther party, was a party for self-defense for black revolutionary socialist organization which was active in the United states from 1966 till 1982. Before they started this organization the members of the party had a few statements, these statements where called the ten point program.

The original "Ten Point Program" from October, 1966 was as followed;

  1. We want freedom. We want power to determine the destiny of our black Community.

  1. We want full employment for our people.

  1. We want an end to the robbery by the white man of our black Community.

  1. We want decent housing, fit for shelter of human beings.

  1. We want education for our people that exposes the true nature of this decadent American society. We want education that teaches us our true history and our role in the present-day society.

  1. We want all black men to be exempt from military service.

  1. We want an immediate end to POLICE BRUTALITY and MURDER of black people.

  1. We want freedom for all black men held in federal, state, county and city prisons and jails.

  1. We want all black people when brought to trial to be tried in court by a jury of their peer group or people from their black communities, as defined by the Constitution of the United States.

  1. We want land, bread, housing, education, clothing, justice and peace. And as our major political objective, a United Nations-supervised plebiscite to be held throughout the black colony in which only black colonial subjects will be allowed to participate for the purpose of determining the will of black people as to their national destiny.

This Ten Point Program shows how the Black Panther Party was full with good intentions and only wanted to improve human- and civil rights. This mostly regarding their own rights, the rights of ‘black’ people, but never meaning any harm against the ‘white’ people in the first place.

By 1968, the party had expanded into many cities throughout the United States, among them, Baltimore, Boston, Chicago, Cleveland, Dallas, Denver, Detroit, Kansas City, Los Angeles, Newark, New Orleans, New York City, Omaha, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, San Diego, San Francisco, Seattle and Washington, D.C.. Peak membership was near 10,000 by 1969, and their newspaper, under the editorial leadership of Eldridge Cleaver, had a circulation of 250,000.



  • Significant people

Born in Texas, October 22th

1936

Bobby Seale

Bobby Seale is one of a generation of young Africa-American radicals who broke away from the usually nonviolent Civil Rights Movement to preach a doctrine of militant black empowerment, helping found the Black Panthers (later renamed the Black Panther Party) in 1966.



Born in Monroe Louisiana, February 17th

1966

Huey Newton

In 1966, Newton and Bobby Seale where founded the left-wing Black Panther Party for Self defense. The organization was central to the Black Power movement, making headlines. Newton was killed by a member of another militant group in 1989. http://hiphopandpolitics.files.wordpress.com/2010/12/huey_newton.jpg



Born in Lumberton North Carolina, U.S, January 22th

1947

Alice Faye Williams

an African-American music businesswoman, philanthropist, former political activist and ex-Black Panther. She is the mother of the late rapper Tupac Shakur. She acted as her own criminal defense attorney after being accused of taking part in numerous bombings as a member of the Panthers. http://static9.therichestimages.com/cdn/298/439/70/c/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/afeni+shakur+ashakur.jpg



Born in Chigaco, August 30th

1948

Fred Hampton
In October 1966 Bobby Seale and Huey Newton formed the Black Panther Party in Oakland, California. The group also ran medical clinics and provided free food to school children. Other important members included Stokely Carmichael, H. Rap Brown, Bobby Hutton and Eldridge Cleaver. red hampton : biography

Born in Wabbaseka Arkansas, August 31st

1935

Eldridge Cleaver

Cleaver spent a lot of his youth in reform school and prisons in California. He began writing while he was in prison. Freed on parole he joined the Black Panthers and published his prison essays in soul on Ice. In 1968, he fled the country to avoid a return to prison. ldridge cleaver : biography





  • Significant places

Place

Reasoning

Time

Oakland, California

Founded in Oakland, California by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale on October 15, 1966, the organization initially set forth a doctrine calling primarily for the protection of black neighborhoods from police brutality.

1966

San Francisco, California


500 people gather at San Francisco City Hall to protest arrest of sit-in demonstrators in 1964 at the Sheraton-Palace Hotel (in protest of unfair hiring practices)


1966


New York


Black Panther organizes demonstration and rally against the Vietnam war at the United Nations

1967

Los Angeles, California

Bobby Seale speaking at a meeting held by the Black Panther Party for the defense of Huey Newton. Meeting was held out the Kaleidoscope, Los Angeles. The Kaleidoscope was a largely white nightclub.

1968

New York

Black Panther Party opens office in New York City

1968

Los Angeles, California

Three Panthers are killed by Los Angeles police at a service station

1968

Los Angeles, California

Shoot-out between police and panthers; two panthers killed

1968

Dallas, Texas

In 1989, a group calling itself the "New Black Panther Party" was formed in Dallas, Texas.

1989



  • Significant events

TIME

EVENTS

REASONING

  1. OCTOBER 1966




The Ten Point Program was invented

This Ten Point Program shows how the Black Panther Party was full with good intentions and only wanted to improve human- and civil rights.

  1. MARCH 1968

Eldridge Cleaver publishes Soul on Ice, which becomes a best-seller.

He wanted to show what he stands for.

  1. November 1968

Fred Hampton established a community service program. This included the provision of free breakfasts for schoolchildren and a medical clinic that did not charge patients for treatment. Hampton also taught political education classes and instigated a community control of police project.

This was a very important event, because it showed that Fred Hampton cared about the children.

  1. May 02, 1967

Black Panther Protest. Armed Panthers invade the capitol in California to protest legislation limiting their right to bear arms. They began carrying weapons due to California law allowing the carrying of shotguns or other rifles as long as they are not concealed or aimed at anyone.

This was the first organized Panther protest. They showed that it was not right to carry weapons.

  1. On 6th April, 1968

Eight members, including Cleaver, Bobby Hutton and David Hilliard, were travelling in two cars when they were ambushed by the Oakland police. Cleaver and Hutton ran for cover and found themselves in a basement surrounded by police. The building was fired upon for over an hour. When a tear-gas canister was thrown into the basement the two men decided to surrender. Cleaver was wounded in the leg and so Hutton said he would go first. When he left the building with his hands in the air he was shot twelve times by the police and was killed instantly

Eight members of the black panther party where ambushed by the Oakland police, and were killed by the police.

http://babylonfalling.com/images/tumblr/bpprules_small.jpg



The members of the Black Panther Party had to follow certain rules. These included 26 rules! We added a few important rules:

  • No party member can have narcotics or weed in his possession while doing party work.

  • Any part member found shooting narcotics will be expelled from this party.

  • No party member can be drunk while doing daily party work.

  • No party member will violate rules relating to office work, general meetings of the Black Panther Party, and meetings of the Black Panther Party anywhere.

  • No party member will use, point, or fire a weapon of any kind unnecessarily or accidentally at anyone.

  • No party member can join any other army force, other than the Black Liberation Army.

  • No party member can have a weapon in his possession while drunk or loaded off narcotics or weed.

  • No party member will commit any crimes against other party members or black people at all, and cannot steal or take from the people, not even a needle or a piece of thread.

  • When arrested Black Panther members will give only name, address, and will sign nothing.

  • The Ten-Point Program and platform of the Black Panther Party must be known and understood by each Party member.

  • New Black Panther Party

As we described earlier the old black Panther Party ended in 1982. But in 1989 new members started the new Black Panther party. The organization for Self- Defense is a U.S. based black political organization founded in Dallas, Texas. But despite its name, NBPP is not a official successor of the Black Panther Party. The old members of the original Black Panther Party had insisted that the newer party is illegitimate and have firmly declared, ‘’There is no new Black Panther Party’’. (This meaning that new black panther isn’t legal.) The new Black Panther Party is currently led by Hashim Nzinga. Malik Zulu Shabazz announced on October 14, 2013 online radio broadcast that he was stepping down and that Nzinga, then national chief of staff would replace him.

  • Sources APA

Information about the black panther party:

  • BLACK PANTHER PARTY Pieces of History: 1966 – 1969 © 2004-2013 - It's About Time.  

  • Citation Information: Baggins, Brian. History of the Black Panther Party. Marxists Internet Archive 2002.

  • © 2000-2013 History Learning the Black Panthers

  • Rules: the Author or by Viet Nam Generation, Inc., all rights reserved. This text may be used, printed, and archived in accordance with the Fair Use provisions of U.S. Copyright law.

Significant people

  • Bobby Seale, A Lonely Rage: The Autobiography of Bobby Seale (New York, Times Books, 1978); Seale, Seize the Time: The Story of the Black Panther Party and Huey P. Newton (New York, Random House, 1970); and Robert O. Self, American Babylon: Race and the Struggle for Postwar Oakland (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2003).

  • Articles by Erica David / Alice Faye Williams Bio

  • Fred Hampton Written by: John Simkin, September 1997 - June 2013

  • Eldridge Cleaver 1996–2013 A+E Television Networks, LLC.

Significant places & events

  • 2008-2013 Famento

  • Significant places written by Adrian Wood & Nutan Rajguru

  • A black panther’s guide to Oakland, By Justin Allen ~ July 26th, 2011

  • Jun 28, 1978 Regents of the University of California v. Bakke In Regents of the University of California v. Bakke, the Supreme Court rules that quotas for minority students in college admissions are unconstitutional.

Black panther rules

  • Fred Hampton, Chicago Black Panthers October 1966

New Black Panther Party

  • "New Black Panther Party Announces New Chairman, Same Hateful Message". Access ADL. Retrieved 17 October 2013.

  • U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, interim report, 11-23-2010

  • London Sunday Times. March 16, 1997. Retrieved August 13, 2010



The Black Panther Party


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